This report by the Ministry of Home Affairs on disaster management in India is the outcome of an in-house compilation and analysis of information relating to disasters and their management. The perception about disaster and its management has undergone a change following the enactment of the Disaster Management Act, 2005.
There was a long felt need to capture information about all such events occurring across the sectors and efforts made to mitigate them in the country and to collate them at one place in a global perspective. India’s geo-climatic conditions as well as its high degree of socio-economic vulnerability, makes it one of the most disaster-prone country in the world.
Disasters are sometimes classified according to whether they are “natural” disasters, or “human-made” disasters. The eleventh five year plan document of Government of India gave impetus to mainstreaming disaster risk reduction as one of the priority programmes in the development planning process and disaster management. To achieve results in these key identified areas, the report suggests certain steps which should be integral to all stages of disaster management.

Livelihoods in Lesotho depend on crop and livestock production which are vulnerable to the erratic nature of weather events due to orography and topography, the shallow soils and spatial and temporal precipitation performance.
Majority of the society derives their livelihoods from the rain-fed agriculture which is at threat of increasing levels due to climate variability that brings different forms of drought, floods, heavy snowfalls and any other forms of weather related hazards. The seasonal weather forecast is studied each time and advisories are supplied to all relevant sectors of the likelihood of the season and possible impacts on the water resources.
The definition of disaster is now all encompassing, which includes not only the events emanating from natural and man-made causes, but even those events which are caused by accident or negligence.
A disaster is an extreme disruption of the functioning of a society that causes widespread human, material, or environmental losses that exceed the ability of the affected society to cope with its own resources.
A more modern and social understanding of disasters, however, views this distinction as artificial since most disasters result from the action or inaction of people and their social and economic structures.
The characteristic spiral banding of dense clouds and rains make cyclonic storms easy to identify.

Lesotho possesses an extremely fragile ecosystem whose vulnerabilities are promoted by the terrain of the land. Presently, about three-quarters of all natural disasters being related to weather, climate and water and their extremes, Lesotho is more vulnerable to natural disasters of which drought is prominent.
In reducing the damage caused by natural occurrences, we are partnered with the DMA who are South Africa's national body that deals with disasters. Linkages between environment, natural disasters and development need to be clearly established to mitigate disasters and to improve environment.(2) The main thrust should be shifted from Disaster Relief to Disaster Mitigation. All developmental projects in vulnerable areas should be linked with and used to the maximum extent possible for disaster mitigation.

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