Still, there is a wide range of climate-change predictions for Colorado, which makes future water-supply planning difficult.
The Drought-Ready Communities pilot project culminated in summer 2010 with a Guide to Community Drought Preparedness that communities throughout the United States can use to understand and reduce their drought risk.
The process outlined in the Guide is broad-based, recognizing that drought creates problems that go beyond the scope of what water suppliers alone can address. Drought-Ready Communities was a two-year project sponsored by the Sectoral Applications Research Program of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric  Administration. This section will guide the community in assembling the best available information for decision-making.
This section takes a community through the process of developing a monitoring system to assess its current drought status. This section details the development of a public awareness and education campaign to encourage public support of the Drought-Ready Community process. The Drought Ready Communities research team is seeking additional resources to work with organizations and communities to make community-level drought planning more widespread. The Extension Disaster Education Network's Drought Working Group and National Voluntary Organizations Active in Disaster produced theCommunity Capacity-Building Program for Drought Response in 2013. With Hawaii?s limited water resources and growing water demands, droughts will continue to adversely affect the environment, economy, and the residents of the State.
The goal of the Hawaii Drought Plan is to develop coordinated emergency response mechanisms, while at the same time outlining steps towards mitigating the effects of future drought occurrences. A comprehensive rainfall pattern and climate monitoring system to provide early warning of emerging droughts to decision makers, stakeholders, and the general public. Clear policies and establishment of response entities to implement immediate and short-term response measures to reduce drought impacts and longer-term mitigation measures to reduce the future impacts of drought. The Hawaii Drought Plan should also include a description of historical occurrences, climatological statistics, risk assessments of susceptibility and vulnerability to drought, as well as identification of potential impacts related to specific geographical locations. The Plan also proposes development of a public outreach component consisting of drought- related projects, educational-based programs, and development and initiation of statewide water conservation measures. In April 2005, the Commission on Water Resource Management has updated the Hawaii Drought Plan with assistance from the U.S.


The State of Hawaii is seriously affected by drought approximately every 2 years with significant agricultural losses, water shortages, and wildland fires. The National Drought Mitigation Center (NDMC) provides links to a host of drought mitigation tools from various sources (associations, non-profits, educational institutions, businesses, and government agencies) that help agricultural producers prepare for drought occurrences. The National Integrated Drought Information System (NIDIS) was established under the National Drought Policy Act of 1998 to ensure collaboration between different government agencies on drought-related issues.
The Preparedness and Mitigation Working Group of the Western Drought Coordination Council developed a guide entitled, How to Reduce Drought Risk, that provides a step-by-step process for identifying actions that can be taken to reduce potential drought-related impacts before a drought occurs.
USDA Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) provides ideas on water, land, and crop management to consider while creating a drought plan for farms and ranches. The Hawaii Statewide Hazard Mitigation Forum helps to raise public awareness about how to reduce property loss due to natural hazards. The Pacific Disaster Center (PDC) is an information and technology center, integrating various technologies for disaster management, with the sole purpose of reducing disaster risks and impacts to peoples' lives and property in the Asia Pacific and Indian Ocean regions and beyond. Taking steps to conserving water use is important to protecting and preserving Hawaii's water resources. Denver Water is a leader in addressing and incorporating climate change into its planning process. Denver Water is working with climate scientists to best understand how climate conditions may change in our area, as well as to promote the need for better science and better modeling and uncertainty planning to meet the needs of water providers. Worksheets and other exercises can help communities see how drought has affected water supplies and overall community well-being in the past. It was a collaborative effort by the National Drought Mitigation Center, the Oklahoma Climatological Survey, the Illinois State Water Survey and State Climatologist’s Office, and the Lower Platte River Corridor Alliance. Communities will form a leadership team, identify specific community benefits of drought planning, start a drought contact list, and gather community drought perceptions. The community will learn how to record information about its water sources and users, gather information about past droughts and impacts, and identify factors that could serve to reduce or intensify the local effects of drought. Specifically, it guides communities through the process of developing a strategy, gathering educational materials, and assigning an implementation schedule. In Section 5, the community will create a list of strategies and actions that should be undertaken before and during a drought to reduce negative impacts, and will identify specific thresholds to help decide when to implement the pre-defined actions during a drought.


One of our goals is to expand the collection of case studies detailing different communities’ experiences with different parts of the process. The multi-agency, multi-organization effort to help communities tackle drought issues draws from the National VOAD Long-Term Recovery Manual, from the Guide to Drought-Ready Communities, and from other resources. In support of the State Hazard Mitigation Plan, the Commission on Water Resource Management (CWRM), in cooperation with the Hawaii Drought Council (HDC), sought the development of a Statewide Drought Risk and Vulnerability Assessment.
The Hawaii State Department of Forestry and Wildlife provides maps of fire response areas, as well as information on fire prevention in the State of Hawaii. In order to continue serving a reliable supply of high-quality water to its customers, Denver Water will perform the planning needed to adapt to potential water impacts from climate change.
The Guide can also help communities identify their drought monitoring resources, so they can spot emerging drought. Three pilot communities, representing a range of water supply sources, population sizes, and economic baselines, were invited to participate in the development of the DRC methodology and all associated materials. The HDP has been forwarded to Reclamation for consideration of submission to Congress under Title II, Reclamation States Emergency Drought Relief Act of 1991, as amended (P.L.
This statewide assessment utilized Geographic Information System (GIS) mapping techniques to identify areas at risk of meteorological, hydrologic, and agricultural drought, as well as environmental and socioeconomic impacts that may occur due to drought conditions. Drought Portal, an interactive web portal that serves to be an early warning system for emerging and anticipated droughts. The Commission on Water Resource Management developed documents that provide detailed information on how to implement a number of water efficient practices that will result in waste reduction and increased levels of conservation. A planning section helps communities determine steps they can take  to reduce their drought risk ahead of time.
The Guide includes case studies and an extensive resource collection on how other municipalities have planned for drought, including both processes and solutions.



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