Women queue for aid in the Bibipurhaty relief camp on January 23, 2014 in the Shamli district of Uttar Pradesh, India.
It takes a lot more effort for other mammals, birds and insects to make the necessary adaptations to survive harsh weather.
In many species, insects adapt to the cold by dying off; it's the larval stage of the species that goes through winter.
The other form of diapause, called freeze tolerant, is used infrequently by North American insects but is a common strategy of Southern Hemisphere insects. Many of the social insects, including ants, consolidate their living quarters during the winter, says Deborah Delaney, an assistant professor in the Department of Entomology and Wildlife Ecology in UD's College of Agriculture and Natural Resources. When the hive temperature drops below 64 degrees, honeybees cluster together into a carefully organized, compact ball. The honeybees take turns enjoying the warmth in the middle of the huddle and then move to the outside. Worker honeybees toiled long hours in the fall, collecting nectar to feed and maintain the colony until spring. Nonetheless, Delaney checks on the hives at UD's Apiary about two to three times a week this time of year. Entomologists have isolated three key genes that determine when female mosquitoes feed on blood and when they decide to switch to an all-sugar diet to fatten up for the winter. Cold, wet conditions early in the year mean that 2006 is shaping up as the worst year for California's butterflies in almost four decades, according to Art Shapiro, professor of evolution and ecology at UC Davis.
The honeybee's alarm signal may not only bring help, but also attract the small hive beetle.
The complex organisation of some insect societies is thought to have developed to such a level that these animals can no longer survive on their own. Native pollinators such as these fat, fuzzy bumblebees, once an overlooked sideshow in the insect world, are gaining widespread appreciation among everyone from backyard gardeners to big-time farmers. UCLA biochemists have devised a clever way to make a variety of useful chemical compounds, which could lead to the production of biofuels and new pharmaceuticals. Studies in a group of tropical birds have revealed one of the fastest limb muscles on record for any animal with a backbone.
BiaA‚owieA?a Forest in Poland has been in the news lately due to the major destruction it is facing from potential deforestation. Researchers at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, in collaboration with extramural organizations, have sequenced nearly the entire genome of human, mouse and rat Pneumocystis. The extinction of several species of large lemurs in Madagascar has created isolated "orphaned" plant species that once depended upon the animals to eat and disperse their large seeds, a Yale-led survey has found. For many animals and insects, winter is the time for them to find a nice cozy place to snuggle up and hibernate. Some beekeepers who don’t want to leave their bees in the snow for the winter will move their bees to warm states like California, Texas and Florida. As the 2016 American Honey Queen and Princess, we educate people about honey and beekeeping.
Winter is a great time to get out and have fun and to stay active this season you need to stay happy, well and flu virus free.
Many of you have this info from last year but a revision is always good to help you adjust 'your sails'a€¦..
Two to three serves of green leafy vegetables daily will help keep up your Vitamin C - as will fresh fruit.
For those of you more at home with supplements than fruit and vegetables, an effective way to increase your intake of Vitamin C without stomach upsets and loose stools is to mix 2000-5000mg (Adult dose) Vitamin C powder into 1 litre of filtered water and sip it during the day.
For those of you who embrace the Winter Yuletide festivities and refuse to entertain even the faintest possibility of catching a flu - here is our Mulled Wine Recipe and subsequent Hang-Over Cure - by request. Drink 1 glass before retiring (Perhaps you should think ahead and prepare this before you venture out as it could be interesting getting this all together when really inebriated. I hope this will be of some help in keeping the nasties away or bouncing you back from some self-imposed 'nasties'. If you need a tonic as a preventative (or you catch a flu and need one for treatment) I can make one for you. Red Nose Day, held annually on the last Friday in June, is the major fundraiser for SIDS and Kids. SIDS and Kids is dedicated to saving the lives of babies and children during pregnancy, birth, infancy and childhood and to supporting bereaved families. Following the July School holidays, I will be on Long Service Leave from the NSWDEC until mid August, subsequently travelling here and there and catching up with people.
Other days will be available but will change from week to week depending on family and other commitments. Ita€™s great to see some of you have joined Tryfoss Therapies - Health and Education on Facebook. Those of you who know me well, also know that the Winter Magic Festival at Katoomba is upon us (21st June). Riots between Muslims and Jat Hindus broke out at the end of August and lasted until the beginning of September, 2013.
Time to put another log on the fire, wrap up in a thick sweater, or make a steaming mug of tea.

Next week, we'll look at animal and bird strategies; today we'll see how insects make it through the winter. Insects that do over-winter as adults usually enter a hibernation-like state called diapause.
They don't enter diapause, like many butterflies, but they're not bounding about, full of pep, like stoneflies. In late fall they move deeper into their nests and close up the exit with soil, leaves and other organic materials. Not surprisingly, the queen bee reigns supreme in the middle and never takes a turn on the outskirts of the huddle. Hives that may have had a peak of 60,000 bees in the summer may diminish to 20,000 bees by mid-winter. If their work wasn't adequate, there is nothing they -- or Delaney -- can do about it now, in the depths of winter. Rather, new research suggests that they use a number of specialized proteins to survive the chilly months. It’s hard to get motivated to do anything outside in this weather, but some of us still choose to commute or simply drive around on our bikes despite the harsh conditions. After the age of 30 the number starts to decrease to about two per year (there is a definite upside to getting older!!) So, now that I have you feeling less than optimistic, what should you do for treatment if a cold snags youa€¦.. This includes not only milk, but ice cream, all yoghurt except plain, and especially cheese. Research has shown that zinc reduces the severity and duration of cold symptoms particularly a sore throat. Where possible buy seasonal and organic or if gardening appeals you could try applying some good Permaculture techniques. If you are congested and cana€™t breathe very well because your nose is plugged upa€¦a€¦.there is a great variety of herbs which can help build your immune system and address specific symptoms. Surprisingly, there is very little garlic breath with this a€“ possibly something to do with the lemons. For you risk takersa€¦think of it like a healthier version of touching your nose or walking a straight line - please be careful with sharp knives or get a friend to help). If you have recently been to clinic and I have all your current information, you can just ring ahead and we probably wona€™t need to bring you in for a consultation. Funds raised through Red Nose Day activities assist SIDS and Kids in providing vital services and programs to the Australian community.Follow the link for mor information on how you can help. I find it better in some ways than regularly attacking your emails as I personally spend way too much time each morning deleting trade ads and info mails.
All information offered in this newsletter is for general interest only and is NOT to take the place of recommendations by qualified health practitioners with access to your complete medical history. Yep, my favourite little festival of the year, when Katoomba in the beautiful Blue Mountains resonates with all sorts of interesting a€?stuffa€™!
More than 55 people were killed, hundreds were injured, at least six women were reportedly gang raped, and almost 50,000 people fled to relief camps in the immediate aftermath. This butterfly replaces the water in its body with antifreeze compounds -- called cryoprotectants -- which supercool its bodily fluids and tissues.
The best time to look for stoneflies is after a snowfall -- these small dark critters are much easier to spot in the snow. Social insects that live through winter in Delaware include honeybees, termites and a number of different ants. During the spring and summer, worker bees are busy making extra honey and storing it away so they have food for the winter. They transport their hives to warm places so they can do an extremely important job called pollination. It is still possible to enjoy cold weather biking, but you must take certain precautions.All Exposed Skin Must be CoveredIt is important, if you plan on biking in the winter, that you cover all exposed skin.
However there is a direct relation between your risk of catching a cold and the amount of time spent in contact with an infected person. Chicken contains a natural amino acid called cysteine.A  Cysteine can thin the mucus in the lungs and make it less sticky so you can expel it more easily. The benefits of a good nights sleep should never be under-rated, it's when your body gets a chance to repair and build up those components necessary for the next days onslaught! This step is helpful to decrease the extra mucous that dairy products can cause you to produce.A  Other normally wonderful foods like bananas and avocado can also aggravate the mucous condition.
It has been suggested that zinc is ,directly toxic to the virus and stimulates your body to produce antibodies to destroy the virus.
Generally we all head straight for oranges, however other juices such as pineapple and grapefruit are very useful. However, it is advisable to seek professional advice before self-administering these as some may not be suitable for your particular condition or clash nastily with any existing medication you are taking. Sunshine has been getting a raw deal over the last decade due to fear of melanomas and skin cancers (hey I've had few burnt off myself), however recent research has shown that Vitamin D can have a very positive affect on immunity and resistance.
Patients can also be given this as part of a maintenance program to prevent sinus build-up, or as a preventative for colds during winter and changes of season.
Bring to the boil with the lid on, then simmer for 30 minutes, occasionally mashing the garlic and lemon with a potato masher while simmering.

Drink another glass on rising and continue every hour or so, or until you feel more alive than zombie.
If however, I have not seen you for a while and there are some gaps I need to know about, a short 30 minute consultation should be sufficient to get us up to speed. Bookings can continue to be made by email, facebook or phone (as I will be checking my messages even when away). Even more effective, of course, is the central heating that is ubiquitous in our homes, offices and schools. When the cold arrives in October or November, the worker bees kick all the drone bees out and let them die. Beekeepers are paid to have their bees pollinate crops such as almonds, oranges and grapefruits. We have previously offered information on a€?Winters Blues and Depression and this is still available via the following link: Types of Depression .
The time you are ill may be longer if you do not allow yourself to recuperate and recover completely. If you are caring for a child with a cold, PLEASE WASH YOUR HANDS every time you have to wipe their nose. Pineapple juice actually contains more Vitamin C than oranges and is considerably less acidic and breaks down mucous plugs faster, while grapefruit also helps to detoxify the liver. The best way to get Vitamin D is to be outside for as little as 5 - 10 minutes without sun block, as this inhibits the body's ability to absorb this essential little vitamin.
Also if you have been down the antibiotic path recently we may need to consider a probiotic. They do this because the drones didn’t help them make any of the honey, so why should they get to eat it?
If those types of crops don't have honeybees for pollination, they wouldn’t make any fruits or nuts.
The most common route of infection is not from coughing or sneezing, or walking barefoot in the rain, but from hand-to-hand contact. If you exercise regularly, you should definitely cut back on the intensity until you feel better. It is OK to still feel a little chilly when you first venture outside, you will begin to warm up as you ride.
The likelihood of you becoming a victim of the cold virus increases however, if you are overtired or physically exhausted.
The bees on the outside work their way to the inside and the bees on the inside work their way to the outside. Dress in layers in waterproof clothing to stay warm during cold weather bikingWear warm, waterproof clothes, scarves and gloves.
Two old standards, Chamomile and Peppermint are very useful for clearing and warming the sinuses.
Antibiotics, including penicillin, DO NOT have any effect on viruses - which is why doctors prescribe them, to treat the secondary bacterial infections that can complicate a cold. Don't stop at chicken soup, be creative with soups and casseroles that utilise a range of legumes and root vegetables, and don't forget to keep up your intake of raw fruit and vegetables to help your body build and maintain the necessary white blood cells. NB I know we don't associate dehydration with Winter but most us spend a great deal of time in doors, centrally heated and this can be very 'drying'! All the moving around keeps the inside of the hive at a constant temperature of about 92 degrees! Most uncomplicated colds last between eight and nine days, but about 25% last two weeks, and 5-10% last three weeks.
Wear ski goggles to protect your eyes from the bitter coldCombine it with the previous tip and try a snowboard helmet that is made to accept goggles. Beef up Your TiresWhen snow, sleet or ice begins to form on the roads, put on studded tires or, at the very least, wider tires with larger treads.
Studded tires are a must in winterIt’s important you increase your ability to gain traction on these slick surfaces. Adding brake lights will help other cars see youBike lights come in two categories: see and be seen.
Opt for the be seen kind, your lights should be high enough up so that they are visible by cars. Although not a particular stylish piece of clothing, it is an essential safety measure for biking.Cold Weather Biking HacksGet a pair of Pogies or Bar Mitts. These work great to keep your hands warm and will allow you to wear a lighter pair of gloves than you normally would. This allows you to keep your fingers dexterous, but also warm.Bike fenders are very convenient for biking in the winter. Bike fenders will help protect you and your bikeOne of the most destructive forces during the winter is the road salt. Required fields are marked *CommentName * Email * Website you MUST enable javascript to be able to comment Notify me of follow-up comments by email.

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