Michael McElfresh does not work for, consult, own shares in or receive funding from any company or organization that would benefit from this article, and has disclosed no relevant affiliations beyond the academic appointment above.
The Conversation is funded by CSIRO, Melbourne, Monash, RMIT, UTS, UWA, ACU, ANSTO, ANU, Canberra, CDU, CQU, Curtin, Deakin, ECU, Flinders, Griffith, the Harry Perkins Institute, JCU, La Trobe, Murdoch, Newcastle, UQ, QUT, Swinburne, Sydney, UNDA, UNE, UniSA, UNSW, USC, USQ, UTAS, UWS, VU and Wollongong. It’s very hard to overstate how important the US power grid is to American society and its economy. And the dependence on the grid continues to grow as more machines, including equipment on the power grid, get connected to the Internet. The damage to modern society from an extended power outage can be dramatic, as millions of people found in the wake of Hurricane Sandy in 2012.
The grid’s vulnerability to nature and physical damage by man, including a sniper attack in a California substation in 2013, has been repeatedly demonstrated.
Grid operation depends on control systems – called Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition (SCADA) – that monitor and control the physical infrastructure.
One of the most well-known industrial cyberattacks involved these PLCs: the attack, discovered in 2010, on the centrifuges the Iranians were using to enrich uranium. Control systems of power plants and industrial systems, known as SCADA systems, are the big worry.
Stuxnet was able to take over the PLCs controlling the centrifuges, reprogramming them in order to speed up the centrifuges, leading to the destruction of many, and yet displaying a normal operating speed in order to trick the centrifuge operators. Securely upgrading PLC software and securely reprogramming PLCs has long been of concern to PLC manufacturers, which have to contend with malware and other efforts to defeat encrypted networks. The oft-cited solution of an air-gap between critical systems, or physically isolating a secure network from the internet, was precisely what the Stuxnet worm was designed to defeat.
The growth of smart grid – the idea of overlaying computing and communications to the power grid – has created many more access points for penetrating into the grid computer systems.
This concern is growing even faster with the Internet of Things (IoT), because there are many different types of sensors proliferating in unimaginable numbers. On the technology side, the National Institutes for Standards and Technology (NIST) and IEEE are working on smart grid and other new technology standards that have a strong focus on security. But the gravity of the situation really comes to the forefront when you realize that the Department of Defense has stood up a new command to address cyberthreats, the United States Cyber Command (USCYBERCOM).
There is already a well-established theater of operations where significant, destructive cyberattacks against SCADA systems have taken place.
In a 2012 report, the National Academy of Sciences called for more research to make the grid more resilient to attack and for utilities to modernize their systems to make them safer. St Vincent’s scandal: what is cancer chemotherapy and why is correct dosing important?
Ita€™s one thing to endure an inconvenient power outage for a day or two; ita€™s another to be one of thousands without power in a city or larger area, perhaps in the dead of winter.
Going for weeks or longer without power is something most of us living in developed countries have never experienced a€“ except by choice. This calls to mind what we know of as basic disaster preparedness, and there is no better time to start getting prepared if you havena€™t already.
If youa€™ve done your homework and stocked the above supplies, you and your family will do just fine in a power grid failure for two weeks.
Now, if the situation becomes more delicate and the grid will be down for an indefinite period of time than you should think of what will be your priorities.
See, barter comes down to how desperate (or how much does your life depend on it) you are, as to how critical it really is to have for barter. Barter is far scarier than you can even understand, if you are UNABLE to assess a€?critical needa€™ from a€?whimsy wanta€™ right now.
11) Emergency Well Tube – Draw water from your well without power and without pulling the pump! Maintaining your familya€™s ability to keep warm, prepare food and have clean water will be extremely difficult in these possible events.
Ed: I work on the website a lot, updating products, text, pictures, blogs, pricing, and shipping costs.
Because we are off-grid we don’t have the extra power for heaters for the water troughs for the horses and chickens.
In layman’s terms, it is an intense burst of electromagnetic energy caused by an abrupt and rapid acceleration of charged particles.
There are three things that we know cause EMPs: a bolt of lightning, a nuclear explosion (or EMP type weapon), and solar storms. EMPs by high altitude detonation or CMEs are caused by the release of charged particles within the Earth’s ionosphere. Anyway, a huge downward surge in particles in the ionosphere would create massive electrical currents which could “short out” all sorts of electrical power grids, transformers, and other equipment dependent on electricity. The first is the Carrington Event of 1859, which was the first documented event of a solar flare impacting Earth.
What is known is that the EMP from Test 184 knocked out a 600-mile underground power line (shielded) that was buried 3 feet underground.
For the record, the nuclear warheads used in both above mentioned tests were not designed for EMP-related events. According to NASA, the CME disrupted electric power transmission from the Hydro Quebec generating station and even melted some power transformers in New Jersey.
Scientists from the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) have classified EMPs into 3 categories. For the record, E1 type pulses are released by other stars in our galaxy and throughout the universe, but the chances of our planet being struck by such a pulse from another star are BEYOND MINISCULE. The other main difference between a nuclear EMP and a solar EMP, is that while a nuclear EMP may never happen, it is only a matter of time until a solar EMP does hit Earth.
This book will help you to prepare for two end-of-the-world-as-we-know-it (TEOTWAWKI) events: the EMP attack and the solar storm.
Fuel, communications, power, water, and food will be unavailable within hours when emergency fuel runs out. Over the course of a decade, a stream of credible scientific reports from various government agencies, congressionally-mandated commissions and federal research organizations have warned of the grave vulnerability of our nation’s most important asset: the electric power grid. There have been warnings from scientists and other experts for years that the Nation’s electrical grid system and other critical infrastructures that have almost complete dependency on electricity and electronic components are highly vulnerable to an electromagnetic pulse (EMP) event either from natural or man-made causes.
However, Congress and the administrations of previous and current presidents largely have ignored those warnings. The threat from an EMP attack on our critical infrastructures either from an impending solar storm of serious intensity – expected between 2012 and 2014 – or a high-altitude nuclear explosion are threats that could have long-term catastrophic consequences for our society and our way of life. In 2008 a congressional commission studied the consequences of an EMP attack not only the power grid itself but also the consequences to every sector of our economy: telecommunications, banking, transportation, food, manufacturing, construction, and energy. While these critical infrastructures continue to face such an impending crisis, Congress has basically ignored its own commission report and instead has treated the threat of an EMP event as a political football to be punted whenever expedient for their own gain. While an EMP event on our civilian infrastructure could be serious, it can be managed if government at the federal, state, and local levels gives a high priority to undertake preventative action to lessen its impact to recover from such an event.
About James LA police officer in Oklahoma, James is a gun enthusiast and certified police instructor.
I have worked in the IT industry for many years and some of that time was spent servicing government contracts.
The government has put a lot of money into research in this area and as a result there is a lot of information available. While my work mostly consisted of TEMPEST certified systems, many installations combine TEMPEST and EMP requirements together for obvious reasons.
Personally I believe that this is a variant of Stingray being run in a general surveillance mode (As opposed to the way the FBI uses it) by some government agency like the NSA in cooperation with the military (most of them are near bases). Yeah, I’m actually writing an article on exactly that right now, to include those cell towers, stingray, and personnel-worn IMSI fakers. Yes the CME that hit Canada was a third of the size of the Carrington one but it didn’t knock out power lines all over North America did it?


Oddly enough we’re about to get hit by a CME that was ejected yesterday when a Solar Plasma Filament was ejected in our direction.
Here is an example of history of how auroras played havoc with wires from a site that archives solar flare news. February 25, 1927 – In Geneva, villagers asked fire department to extinguish the aurora.
April 14, 1927 – Aurora borealis isolates West from Eastern Canada [The New York Times, April 15, 1927 p. October 13, 1927 – Freakish currents slow wire service [The New York Times, October 13, 1927, p. July 8, 1928 – Telegraph lines are tied up by aurora borealis [Chicago Daily Tribune, July 8, 1928, p. I think that *terrorism* is why the government is so ultra paranoid on spying that they feel all Americans are suspicious. Eventually it will be to the point that there won’t even be parts for home computers so once yours breaks down you have to get either a smart phone or a tablet.
The possibility of an EMP is increasing now that we are in contact in the Mid East with Russia.
Former Counterintelligence Special Agent, US Army Chief Warrant Officer, and Combat Veteran. What you need in your bug out bag – a comprehensive lookA bug out bag is critical but what do you put in it?
Everyday carry (EDC) gear – what I carrySo what do you really need to carry every day?
Top 10 best selling prepper gear you should considerOccasionally, I want to let you know which prepper and survival gear is selling better than the rest. How to communicate when the world goes silentSo if cell phones stopped working, how would you communicate? 99 freakin’ awesome ideas for your bug out bagLots of articles tell you the basics of what you need in your bug out bag. We use a Creative Commons Attribution NoDerivatives licence, so you can republish our articles for free, online or in print.
Every critical infrastructure, from communications to water, is built on it and every important business function from banking to milking cows is completely dependent on it.
The Department of Energy earlier this year said cybersecurity was one of the top challenges facing the power grid, which is exacerbated by the interdependence between the grid and water, telecommunications, transportation, and emergency response systems. But it’s the threat of cyberattack that keeps many of the most serious people up at night, including the US Department of Defense. At the heart of these SCADA systems are specialized computers known as programmable logic controllers (PLCs). The Stuxnet computer worm, a type of malware categorized as an Advanced Persistent Threat (APT), targeted the Siemens SIMATIC WinCC SCADA system. So these new forms of malware can not only shut things down but can alter their function and permanently damage industrial equipment.
The worm was specifically created to hunt for predetermined network pathways, such as someone using a thumb drive, that would allow the malware to move from an internet-connected system to the critical system on the other side of the air-gap. Currently knowing the provenance of data from smart grid devices is limiting what is known about who is really sending the data and whether that data is legitimate or an attempted attack.
How do you know when the message from a sensor is legitimate or part of a coordinated attack?
There are about 3,200 utilities, all of which operate a portion of the electricity grid, but most of these individual networks are interconnected.
With regard to the grid specifically, there is the Department of Energy’s Cybersecurity Risk Information Sharing Program (CRISP) and the Department of Homeland Security’s National Cybersecurity and Communications Integration Center (NCCIC) programs in which utilities voluntarily share information that allows patterns and methods of potential attackers to be identified and securely shared. Various government agencies also sponsor research into understanding the attack modes of malware and better ways to protect systems. Indeed, as society becomes increasingly reliant on the power grid and an array of devices are connected to the internet, security and protection must be a high priority.
Or at the other end of the scale, you could be where temperatures soar to well over 110 degrees during summer months. But shelters are not comfortable places to stay or live, and if you are prepared you can shelter in place in your own home (you might choose to extend your supply of food by taking advantage of meals provided by the shelters, though).
Hopefully you will never have the experience, but being prepared is most definitely better than not.
Survival information is valuable, and in a time when it is desperately needed, being able to have a few copies of condensed information on-hand and barter-ready will be very valuable, indeed. Fire-making will ALWAYS be critical, and having a dozen extra ferroceramic rods and striking steels will be worth their weight in gold, if it all goes south. Fire, water, shelter, warmth a€“ yeah, youa€™re going to pay dearly for what you didna€™t see fit to pack now.
It might give you a€?modern comforta€™, but there are far more important things you need first.
The litter covers odors hence making it easier for the people to stay indoors and yet still excrete as often as needed. Just being three miles off the paved road with a 1000’ elevation gain will virtually assure that no one will come to visit you.
We have to keep a path to the chicken coops, solar panels, insulated cold frames, and hay stacks for the horses. I have a room full of fabric, wool roving, yarn, buttons, ribbon, sewing machines, a large tapestry loom and that’s just a start. So when we get our really cold weather the water buckets have to be deiced and refilled at least three times a day. The internet is filled with web pages telling you want you should or should not do in case of one.
I’ll tell you what we know about them, and more importantly, what we DON’T know,  how a nuclear EMP is different than a solar or CME (coronal mass ejection) EMP, and try to dispel some myths surrounding them. Such a pulse may occur in the form of a radiated electric or magnetic field or conducted electrical current depending on the source, and may be natural or man-made. The ionosphere is the shell of electrons and electrically charged particles surrounding Earth. The four that will I mention here (2 from CME and 2 from nuclear detonation) are usually the most referenced. In 1962, the US government launched a 1.4 megaton nuclear warhead about 250 miles into the atmosphere over the Pacific Ocean.
A powerful solar flare set off a major power blackout that left six million people without electricity for about nine hours.
The Earth has a better chance of being hit by a large asteroid than it does an E1 pulse from another star.
In part two of this series, I will look at what these types of pulses mean to us, what they are capable of doing, and what all we still do not know about them. What about if the Sun emitted a large coronal mass ejection that resulted in a damaging geomagnetic storm? Each threat is carefully studied with analyses of its likelihood and potential impacts on our nation’s critical infrastructures. The shielding effectiveness of homemade Faraday cages is measured and compared, including metal garbage cans, foil-wrapped boxes, fire safes, static bags, ammo cans, and microwave ovens. For millions of us, life in 21st Century America would be all but impossible without access to electricity. Events such as the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack on the United States and then the devastating Hurricane Katrina that revealed vulnerabilities to those infrastructures heightened that concern.
He even outlines how our own military is similarly vulnerable to an EMP event due to its 99 percent dependency on the nation’s electrical grid system for electricity and communications, raising the high prospect that it may not be able to function to defend the nation in its time of greatest need. In his off time, he is a single father who enjoys playing with his kids and watching football.


I have been following these stories since I first became aware of the possibility some years ago. If that is the case then whoever is on the opposite side of the globe would be left pretty much untouched. The Earth’s own magnetic field has an affect on where and how much Solar events penetrate. I get about 50-100 spam comments per day so I have to use a program to filter out those or I’d be on here all day just reading comments. They probably think for whatever reason wheather real or made up that there is some kind of *movement* going on against them so all Americans are to be spied on as a result and what better way to do it then to push smart phones and tablets to kill the home computer! Most websites are designed to be dumbed down for smart phone viewing anyways and Google has made it a rule too or your site won’t be ranked which is why sites are small and narrow to read.
If they use an orbital EMP weapon, the primary target would, in all probability, be Cheyenne mountain, at enough altitude to induce a secondary desired effect in the collapse of the national grid. I grew up in the woods and spent a lifetime in various environments from deserts to jungles to politically-sensitive urban environments, and I'm here to tell you what I know.
When considering disaster preparedness, keep in mind that what survival gear and emergency supplies you add to your bug out bag and then pack for your survival kit can mean the difference between life and death, or at least affect your level of comfort if SHTF and you had to get outta dodge. Initially developed by the automobile industry, PLCs are now ubiquitous in manufacturing, the power grid and other areas of critical infrastructure, as well as various areas of technology, especially where systems are automated and remotely controlled.
Forget store filtration units, understand how rain barrels work, how to purify water with boiling, and how settlement works to remove metals. Seems simple now, but if things go wrong, one of the hardest things to usually find is a good canteen or water jug. We snow shoe and this year we took turns skiing down our road and being pulled back up the hill by the Polaris. When the snow gets compacted in the driveway or icy we even have to put our ice spikes on our boots so we don’t slip and fall. I always have projects that I have waiting to be started or finished, so I am never without something to do if I want.
I choose to not put out the large bales of round hay for the horses so they can eat free choice. Horse pens are always in need of cleaning when I have a free minute, or want to get outside for a while.
In some cases, it can even cause physical damage to things such as buildings, airplanes, power lines, etc.
This surge of electricity can damage your electronics that you may have plugged into the wall sockets of your home.
EDT on Sept., 1 and is named after Richard Carrington, the solar astronomer who witnessed the event through his telescope.
Practical preparations are outlined, including steps to meet the fourteen basic needs in the absence of modern utilities, and the use of Faraday cages and uninterruptible power supplies to protect personal electronics.
Mob violence from mass evacuation of uninhabitable metropolitan areas will be a significant security issue within days.
As this compendium of the government’s own studies makes clear, the protracted unavailability of the power required for all of our critical infrastructures poses a truly existential threat to our country and its people—unless we take practical and relatively low-cost steps to prevent it. Due to the lapse of time and a relatively calm period since those disasters, policymakers have been lulled back into complacency rather than take preventative action against what could be the biggest threat to US national and economic security in our lifetime. The Snowden revelations have served to confirm what many people in the IT industry suspected for years. I understand it would cost (only) about 2 billion (the amount we give to Pakistan) to fix this problem. Maine and Florida may escape unscathed, but we all need to prepare in every way possible, from whole house surge protectors to faraday type shielding.
Here’s what Graywolf from Graywolf Survival carries and why, as well as some suggestions on how to plan your EDC kit. This is currently the list of the top 10 best-selling prepper and survival gear items, along with an explanation for each.
If it is the dead of the winter months the need for light will be strong, and if you are ill or someone in your family is ill, that will become your priority.
I bet my wool blanket is worth AT LEAST all of your ammo, if youa€™re cold and wea€™re both armed.
It is three miles long and takes anywhere from three hours to six hours depending on how much snow we get. I don’t want that stuff mixed in with the road gravel so we scoop it up in the Polaris and haul it to the garden where it gets spread every Spring when everything thaws and right before we rototill. My mustang would eat himself into oblivion if he had hay in front of him all day; he is the easiest keeper I have ever had. The size of the ionosphere can fluctuate some based on varying factors I won’t get into here.
Although the warhead was not as powerful as the one from Star Fish Prime, it was exploded about 180 miles over the populated area of Kazakhstan.
But these may or may not be strong enough to have dire consquences for Earthlings.) Most are usually pointing off in a direction that does not effect Earth. The hard part is stocking for the total paradigm shift, that few remember how to do much of.
Wea€™ve all planned for clothes (I hope), but whena€™s the last time you heard someone brag about having a couple of good wool blankets put back?
Take a 3-year, 1,000 mile trip in your mind, and imagine only meeting others on the road like yourself. The EMP was so intense that it was not accurately measured because “it drove much of the instrumentation off scale”. As a result, much of the protection that equipment has against an E2 might have been damaged from the initial E1 pulse in the event of a nuclear or weaponized EMP.
They have different impacts on technology and are affected differently by the Earth’s magnetosphere. Ia€™ve got a dozen military 1-qt canteens laying around here than there, in a pinch, I have 2-3 Ia€™ll use, but the rest can be had a€“ for a price. We’ve had wind storms that have caused the snow to drift and pile up to three feet high in the exposed places.
And then on the other hand we have our Quarter Horse who is always in need of a little more food, not such an easy keeper and is low man on the totem pole, so he can get pushed around.
A widespread power outage could take years to restore because the EMP destroys electronics including circuits and transformers. Blocking all means to escape the zone and later bio weapon the empty cities, swamps, forest, mountain areas and etc. Now, ask yourself, what else will you NOT be making, that you need to learn how to make, or replace with older technology, before you need it (or need to trade it). It’s a lot like trying to keep the peace in a house full of kids; you need to make sure they each get their share. What do you see yourself needing, each day, as the seasons change, as the environment changes, and as bad and good people cross your path.
So you can see from this overview they have no plans to harden from an EMP and etc on the inside. I dona€™t know how much youa€™re willing to pay for them, but I know what youa€™re going to trade me for them, if you dona€™t want to freeze at night.
I wona€™t trade both at all, but Ia€™ll be looking for what would be several thousand dollars worth of trade for the one I can a€?sparea€™.



Documentary about food crisis
Magnetic pulse welding aluminum mig
Good gangster movies on american netflix

Rubric: Emergency Supply Kits



Comments

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  3. GaLaTaSaRaY
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