Browse 123 years of National Geographic magazine—more than 1,400 issues, 8,000 articles, 200,000 photographs, and hundreds of maps exactly as they appeared in print.
Quick-start GuideFor optimal performance, please install from Disk 7.Already own The Complete National Geographic? La selection des produits France Loisirs est renouvelee 5 fois par an, retrouvez-la dans le catalogue envoye gratuitement chez nos membres, dans nos 200 boutiques, et sur notre site internet.
Le site France Loisirs utilise des cookies afin de nous permettre de nous souvenir de vous et de comprendre la manière dont vous utilisez le site.
Travel to the edges of the Arctic, the heartlands of Africa, and the depths of the oceans to witness amazing wildlife and stunning landscapes through the eyes of world-renowned National Geographic filmmakers.
National Geographic DVD ExclusivesFor the first time ever, National Geographic presents its programming in DVD-R format. Even Darwin called them “disgusting.” But vultures are more vital than vile, because they clean up carcasses that otherwise could rot and spread pestilence. At sunset the wildebeest seems doomed: Sick or injured, it’s wandering miles from its herd on the Serengeti Plain of Tanzania. Mealtime Get the carrion's-eye view of a vulture feeding frenzy captured by a camera hidden in a dead zebra's rib cage.
The vulture may be the most maligned bird on the planet, a living metaphor for greed and rapaciousness.
In the Serengeti a golden jackal takes umbrage at an immature white-backed vulture butting in on its meal of dead wildebeest. On a sunny March day Ogada is traveling with her colleague Munir Virani in the Masai Mara region of Kenya. The only land-based vertebrates that can thrive solely on scavenging, vultures are crucial to ecosystem balance. Space between primary feathers reduces drag and lowers stalling speed while maintaining lift. Compared with raptors that hunt, vultures have less powerful eyesight but still excel at spotting carcasses and converging scavengers. Some vultures can store up to 20 percent of their body weight in consumed flesh in this enlarged section of their esophagus.
Highly corrosive, bacteria-killing stomach acids give vultures a high tolerance to toxins in decaying flesh. Broad wings and long primary feathers, compared with other soaring birds, enable energy-efficient gliding on even the weakest air currents.
Turkey and yellow-headed vulture species have a keen sense of smell, unique among birds, with nostrils not divided by a septum. Vultures have adaptations like deep grooves and backward-facing barbs for quickly gulping hefty portions of carrion. Vultures spend more time on the ground than other raptors, and have developed flatter feet and shorter, less curved claws.
There are 23 species of vulture divided into two families by hemisphere, New World and Old World, each facing threats. When counts of California condors began in the early 1900s, the birds’ ranks had already been decimated. Poisoned by herders aiming to protect their livestock and by poachers afraid that circling vultures will give away their location, some groups are shrinking by as much as 50 percent a decade.
Next comes retaliation: The men tie up their dogs, retrieve what’s left of the lion’s kill, and sprinkle it with a generic form of Furadan, a cheap, fast-acting pesticide that’s readily available under the table. National Geographic Explorer Jen Guyton explains that vultures are eating more tush than usual due to loss of larger scavengers.
It’s hard to believe that just a few granules of a compound designed to kill worms and other invertebrates can lay low an animal whose gastric juices are acidic enough to neutralize rabies, cholera, and anthrax. The Indian die-off received a lot of attention because its downstream effects were so startling.
After researchers proved that diclofenac was to blame for the vulture die-off, in 2006 veterinary use of the drug was banned in India, Pakistan, and Nepal.
Ogada isn’t hopeful that Africa will follow India’s lead in responding to the vulture crisis. In July 2012, 191 vultures died after feasting on an elephant that had been poached and then sprinkled with poison in a Zimbabwean national park.
Conservationists in Namibia use a car side-door mirror on a pole to peek into a lappet-faced vulture’s nest in a tree. Still, the biggest existential threat to African vultures remains the ubiquitous availability and use of poisons. What the public understands now is that carbofurans are cheap, reliable, and—compared with stalking and spearing a predator—risk free. A vendor in Durban, South Africa, proffers vulture heads for sale as muti—traditional medicine. After a long day of speaking with Maasai herdsmen, Virani and Ogada are eager for the sun to set, not to escape the heat but to witness the flicking of an electrical switch. Balloon safari operators, who ascend before daybreak, have complained about this nighttime light pollution. On the Serengeti, about 150 miles to the south of the Masai Mara, the sun rises on three adult hyenas, shoulder deep in yet another dead wildebeest. Hours pass, the bloody players come and go: hyenas, jackals, storks, scavenging eagles, and four species of vulture. Both Thomsett and Ogada, who often collaborate, have spent much time pondering what would happen if vultures were subtracted from this cast of characters. Sprinkled on carrion, a few ounces of the insecticide carbofuran (above) can kill a hundred vultures.
Although poisoning is the proximate driver of Africa’s vulture decline, the plain-speaking Thomsett stresses its root cause: too many people. Thomsett lowers his binoculars and expands on the list of anthropogenic threats to Kenya’s vultures. In December 2013 Kenya passed an act that imposes a fine of up to 20 million shillings ($200,000) or life imprisonment on anyone linked with killing an endangered species. Thomsett continues to observe the vultures wallowing in putridity, making detailed sketches of their heads and feet in a thick notebook, until the birds have eaten their fill and the wildebeest resembles a wrinkled blue-gray rug, with hooves.
A white-backed vulture recovers at the VulPro facility after being poisoned with carbofuran. A photojournalist specializing in wildlife and conservation, Charlie Hamilton James evaded a charging rhino, fought off illness from a tick bite, and drove through vulture feeding frenzies to photograph this story.
Imagine walking amid molten lava, deadly gases, and 2,000-degree heat on an active volcano. National Geographic DVD ExclusivesNational Geographic is happy to present our award-winning programming for the first time ever on a digital DVD-R format. National Geographic Topo DVD Maps - National Geographic's best selling, top-of-the-line, digital map software is the easiest way to create and print detailed maps. I like the maps and it is easy to learn, but I dont have the right gps to be able to download maps to which makes it not as useful. Using this web site acknowledges your agreement to the Terms of Use and Online Privacy Policy. This double feature release from National Geographic contains two documentaries each shy of an hour long that explore the history of vampires throughout time, from the classic caricature made famous by the old Hollywood monster movies, to the exhumation of corpses in Romania, and real-life blood drinkers in the 21st century. The National Geographic special Vampires in Venice (though it should be called Vampire of Venice) tells the story not of vampires across the globe, but the investigation into how and why a single person died.
With both documentaries conveniently put on a single disc, Vampire Forensics is a worthy purchase if you're interested in such history. Our definitive collection of every issue of National Geographic magazine through 2011 is digitally reproduced in high resolution. Purchase and download the latest issues instantly:Launch The Complete National Geographic from your computer.
Gathered from across the globe, captured as only National Geographic can, these collections offer a privileged glimpse into a vanishing world of magnificent, irreplaceable living wonders. These are just two of the many life-threatening challenges faced by Jake Grys and Holly Pullano, two people with extraordinary genetic bone disorders.

Available exclusively through this site, you can now own more of our award-winning specials and documentaries in a high-quality DVD format.How our DVDs and DVD-Rs DifferCustomers who purchase programs in the NG DVD Exclusives Library will receive a non-interactive, play only disc. For more than 20 years, Maurice and Katia Krafft have traveled the world pursuing just such adventure. Here a Ruppell’s vulture (Gyps rueppelli) rips tissue from the trachea of a dead wildebeest.
By sunrise the loner is dead, draped in a roiling scrum of vultures, 40 or so birds searching for a way to invade its earthly remains.
The neck and head of Ruppell’s are sparsely feathered, the better to keep gore, guts, and fecal matter from clinging after a deep carcass dive.
These spectacular-looking animals stand more than a yard tall, with wingspans of nine feet.
With bulging crops, the vultures settle their heads atop folded wings and slide their nictitating membranes shut. Leviticus and Deuteronomy classify vultures as unclean, creatures to be held in abomination by the children of Israel. Earthbound carnivores such as jackals and hyenas have limited territories in which to find food. Because they can quickly devour large amounts of flesh and their stomach acids neutralize pathogens, vultures may help limit the spread of bacteria and diseases such as anthrax and rabies. Anatomical adaptations help them expend as little energy as possible when soaring on thermals over ranges—up to 185,000 square miles—in search of food. Still, only the largest vultures can tear open a carcass, allowing smaller vultures to access innards. After decades of conservation efforts, numbers are growing, but lead poisoning from spent ammunition in scavenged carcasses is still a threat. The answer is always, “Yes, and my neighbors have too.” Usually the lions attack at night, when the cattle are penned inside bomas—corrals ringed with thorny brush.
Indeed, Furadan was scarcely on Ogada’s radar until 2007, when she began receiving emails from colleagues about poisoned lions. In India populations of the most common vultures—white-rumped, long-billed, and slender-billed—declined by more than 96 percent in just a single decade. India has one of the largest cattle populations in the world, but most Indians don’t eat beef. A year later roughly 500 vultures were killed after feeding on a poison-laced elephant in Namibia.
According to Andre Botha, co-chair of the vulture specialist group at the Inter­national Union for Conservation of Nature, many of the birds found at poached carcasses are missing their heads and feet—a sure sign they’ve been sold for muti, or traditional healing. FMC, the Philadelphia-based maker of Furadan, began buying back the compound from distribution channels in Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania—and suspended sales in South Africa—following a 60 Minutes segment on lion poisonings in 2009. In the gloaming, Virani parks his jeep outside a compound that sits in the pounded dust bowl between the 50,000-acre Mara Naboisho Conservancy, to the east, and the 400,000-acre Masai Mara reserve, to the west. But to Virani these flashing bulbs, connected to a solar battery, are a minor miracle, the safest, most cost-effective way to keep predators away from cattle pens and short-circuit the retalia­tory poisoning that’s decimating vultures.
Now and then the feathered audience that has gathered at this theater-in-the-round advances toward the stage, only to be rebuffed by the principal actors raising their chins and curling their black lips. Despite the apparent hysteria, everyone gets a chance, partitioning the carcass in time and space according to social status and physical ability.
Running field experiments with goat carcasses over a two-year period, Ogada learned that in the absence of vultures, carcasses took nearly three times as long to decompose, the number of mammals visiting carcasses tripled, and the amount of time these animals stayed at the carcass also nearly tripled. Because the longer jackals, leopards, lions, hyenas, genets, mongooses, and dogs commune with one another at a carcass, the more likely they are to spread pathogens—which die in vulture stomachs—to other animals, both wild and domesticated. Their loss, scientists believe, would likely set off an ecological and economic catastrophe.
Poisoned birds that are caught quickly or haven’t consumed too much may be saved if given a dose of the drug atropine and fed charcoal, which absorbs the poison. Farmers are planting corn and wheat around protected areas to feed the growing population, he says.
And the Kenya Wildlife Service is said to be planning a campaign to shift the public’s perception of vultures. In the days to come, any remaining scraps of skin and sinew will be ravaged by the elements, by insects, fungi, and microbes. Available exclusively through this site, you can now own more of our award-winning specials and documentaries on a high quality DVD format.DVD-R FormatThe DVD-R is a non-rewriteable digital format that is compatible with most commercial DVD players. Now, ten world experts formulate a list of the most important natural disasters of all time. Each program includes thousands of the highest quality USGS topographic maps, optimized for printing and ease of use.
In a mass grave in Italy full of victims of the bubonic plague, one body was discovered in peculiar fashion – with a brick wedged in between its jaws.
The facts are interesting and both films will give you the impulse to read further and investigate for yourself. Use the visual interface to explore a topic, find photographs, browse the globe, or wander on your own expedition. Click on Preferences and Check for Updates to make sure your computer is running the latest version.
Lots and lots of photos, maps and articles that will keep you busy for days!Ideal gift for that curious child or adult! Jake is a spirited 9-year-old boy who has broken practically every bone in his body, and Holly is a 28-year-old whose muscles and tendons can turn to bone after the slightest impact. There is no chaptering information on these DVDs, but there are chapter marks approximately every five minutes, which make it easy to fast forward through a program. The crowd parts and surges in a black-and-brown wave of undulating necks, stabbing beaks, and thrashing wings. Because the wildebeest is tough-skinned and wasn’t killed by carnivores, it lacks an opening wide enough for general admission. Aloft, vultures have a much better view of the daily menu: They can spot a carcass 20 miles away. Africa had already lost one of its eleven vulture species—the cinereous vulture—and now seven others are listed as either critically endangered or endangered. But their numbers have been plummeting worldwide, with several populations at risk of collapse. Vultures died of kidney failure after eating cows that had been treated with the bovine drug diclofenac. Then in 2003 researchers from the Peregrine Fund definitively linked bird carcasses with cattle that had been treated with an anti-inflammatory called diclofenac. And although vultures in India face just one major threat—unintentional poisoning—vultures in Africa face many more.
Females may lay only one egg every year or two, so every chick’s survival is critical to the population’s future. Shoppers at southern African markets have little trouble buying body parts believed to cure a range of ailments or impart strength, speed, and endurance. Under a velvet sky glimmering with stars, Virani stares at a boma and, when a dozen lightbulbs strung between fence posts blink on, breaks into a grin.
So far, carnivores and elephants—which commute between the conservancies and the reserve, often through Maasai vegetable patches—are still avoiding the lights, but lack of maintenance and mismanagement of the systems (siphoning power to charge phones, for example) have reduced their effectiveness.
Suddenly a lappet drops out of the sky, then bashes skulls with two other lappets standing innocently on the periphery.
By eating wildebeest placenta, Thomsett tells me from his perch in the jeep, vultures also prevent cattle from contracting malignant catarrh, an often fatal herpes virus. But without better investigating and enforcement of anti-poisoning laws, to say nothing of convicting perpetrators, Ogada and Thomsett agree, such campaigns won’t be nearly enough to save the region’s birds.
The DVD-R format is created with MPEG2 Variable Bit Rate Compression with stereo sound.How our DVDs and DVD-Rs DifferCustomers who purchase programs in the NG DVD Exclusives Library will receive a non-interactive, play only disc. The film tries to pinpoint exactly what inspired Bram Stoker's Dracula novel and delves deep into the history books to explain where the notion of vampires comes from.
Curious as to how this person met their demise, a doctor begins a journey across the country that would last him a year and countless hours of research in order to identify the remains.

Once your computer is up to date, The Complete National Geographic will alert you at launch anytime an update is available.To download an update, simply register with National Geographic, select your update, and complete your purchase. From overhead, a constant stream of new diners swoops in, heads low, bouncing and tumbling in their haste to join the mob.
While one lappet hammers a hole in the wildebeest’s shoulder, the other excavates behind a sinus, in hopes of finding juicy botfly larvae.
They don’t (often) kill other animals, they probably form monogamous pairs, and we know they share parental care of chicks, and loaf and bathe in large, congenial groups.
Some, like the lappet, are found predominantly in protected areas (which are themselves threatened), and other regional populations of the Egyptian and bearded vulture are nearly extinct. As our truck weaves through flocks of sheep and goats, Virani explains how the Maasai have in recent years leased their land, which rings the northern section of the Masai Mara National Reserve, to conservancies established to protect wildlife by excluding pastoralists and their livestock.
The country has roughly 1,600 lions left.) Inevitably vultures also visit the livestock carcass, or they eat the poisoned lions themselves. Tourism is Kenya’s second largest source of foreign income, and lions are the nation’s star attraction.
Initially prescribed for arthritis and other pain in humans, the drug had been approved for veterinary use in 1993. Then the dog population—released from competing with vultures for scavenged food—leaped by 7 million, to 29 million animals over an 11-year period.
In combination with captive-breeding programs and vulture “restaurants,” which serve safe meat from farms or abattoirs to wild birds, the campaign has done some good. Dried vul­ture brain is also popular: Mixed with mud and smoked, it’s said to conjure guidance from beyond. Agriculture is the second largest industry in Kenya, and the nation has a long history of using toxins to combat outbreaks of disease and pests. Indigenous groups have always protected their herds, and the descendants of Europeans—who introduced cheap synthetic poisons in the first place—have been slaughtering mammalian and avian carnivores in Africa for more than 300 years. There is, between the four-legged and the two-, a palpable respect: Hyenas rely on vultures to locate kills, and vultures rely on hyenas to quickly bust them open. The aggressor wheels, ducks its head, raises its massive wings, then mounts the wildebeest in triumph.
And by reducing carcasses to bones within hours, they suppress insect populations, linked with eye diseases in both people and livestock. The government hasn’t been able to stop drilling for geothermal wells within 300 meters (328 yards) of endangered Ruppell’s nesting sites, he continues. More immediately effective, they say, would be for the government to accept an offer from a landowner in southwestern Kenya. Join them just an arm's length away from a fiery blast as they risk their lives to document the birth of a volcano.
There is no chaptering information on these DVDs; however, there are chapter marks that are set approximately every 5 minutes, which makes it easy to fast forward through a program. Everything from cooky goths in the present with fangs who have it nailed into their heads that they need to drink blood to survive, to families plagued by disease who, being none the wiser at the time, blamed their ailments on recently deceased loved ones becoming vampires and haunting them in the night. It's a journey full of twists and turns as the investigation becomes even more mysterious and all signs point to the skeleton belonging to a woman who was suspected of being a bloodsucker. As a last resort, with a suggestion from CNG Support, I uninstalled the Disc #1 application and re-installed everything from Disc #7.
The severity of his condition is so staggering that leading specialists have designed a complex, years-long treatment program specifically for him.
As the crowd cackles and caws, a white-backed vulture snakes its head deep into the wildebeest’s eye socket and hurriedly slurps, with grooved tongue, whatever it can before being ripped from its place at the table. Most important, they perform a crucial but massively underrated ecosystem service: the rapid cleanup, and recycling, of dead animals. Some Maasai claim the conservancies have lured more lions and other carnivores to the area. The killing of a single cow represents a loss of 30,000 shillings ($300), a significant blow to families that use livestock as currency (a bull can be worth 100,000 shillings).
Whatever the vector, the birds, which can feed in “wakes” of more than a hundred individuals, all die as well. In 2008 scientists and representatives from conservation groups and government agencies convened in Nairobi to share information on poisonings and plan a response. In vultures, diclofenac causes kidney failure: Autopsies reveal organs coated with white crystals. Nine years on, Indian vulture declines have slowed, and in some regions their numbers have even begun to increase. Anyone can walk into a Kenyan agro-veterinary shop and, for less than two dollars, buy highly toxic pesticides off the shelf—to kill insects, mice, feral dogs, hyenas, leopards, jackals, and even fish and ducks meant for human consumption.
He has offered to sell land containing one of the nation’s most important breeding cliffs for the critically endangered Ruppell’s vulture. Be a part of this daring team and witness the unforgettable power of the earth in Volcano!This DVD Exclusive is one of the many titles in our National Geographic DVD Exclusives Library and is created in the DVD-R form. The DVD-R format provides the digital video and audio quality you expect from all of our DVDs. Another white-backed tunnels into a nostril while a Ruppell’s vulture starts at the other end; it’s eight inches into the wildebeest’s anus before another bird wrenches it away, then slithers its own head, like an arm into an evening glove, up the intestinal tract. Now a white-backed rams its head down the wildebeest’s throat and yanks out an eight-inch length of trachea, ribbed like a vacuum hose.
By one estimate, vultures either residing in or commuting into the Serengeti ecosystem during the annual migration—when 1.3 million white-bearded wildebeests shuffle between Kenya and Tanzania—historically consumed more meat than all mammalian carnivores in the Serengeti combined. But the population of the three hardest-hit species remains a small fraction of its former millions.
The Kenya Wildlife Service has yet to write, let alone implement, a strategic plan for vulnerable vulture species.
External display recommended with MacBook Pro Retina systems.Already own The Complete National Geographic?
The correct software version was there, all features were now active, and the 2010-2011 image update took less than 20 minutes.I strongly recommend that you update your Quick Start instructions. Sixteen-year-old Michael Politzer's vascular system has spread into a labyrinth that mangles and reshapes his organs, causing bone and tissue overgrowth. But before the vulture can enjoy it, the four-foot-tall marabou stork that’s been stiffly lurking snatches the windpipe away, tosses it once for perfect alignment, and swallows it whole. Deaths from rabies increased by nearly 50,000, which cost Indian society roughly $34 billion in mortality, treatment expenses, and lost wages.
Needless to say, I was close to returning as non-usable a product that is really quite impressive. Thanks to the labors of the lappets, which favor sinew over muscle, the wildebeest is now wide open. A vulture can wolf more than two pounds of meat in a minute; a sizable crowd can strip a zebra—nose to tail—in 30 minutes. The anthropogenic threat is compounded by vultures’ reproductive biology: They don’t reach sexual maturity until five to seven years of age, they produce a chick only once every year or two, and 90 percent of their young die in the first year. Without vultures, reeking carcasses would likely linger longer, insect populations would boom, and diseases would spread—to people, livestock, and other wild animals. Over the next half century vulture numbers on the continent are projected to decline by 70 to 97 percent.
The corpses they ritually place on elevated stone platforms for “sky burial”—in which vultures liberate the souls of the dead so that they can reach heaven—were taking months longer to disappear, because there were no vultures left to feed on them.
Paired with National Geographic Adventure Paper, our waterproof, tear-resistant material, your maps become trail-tough.

National geographic daily news 6pm
Captain america 2 mp4 movie free download
Survival guide how to make a shelter

Rubric: Canada Emergency Preparedness


    Washing clothes which the Proclamation of Emergency was.
  2. Avara
    Learn, often in the moment pictures There's practically she says.