The warhead goes off while Postal Dude and Champ are driving away from Paradise, and because of it's 100 Kiloton yield, not only is Bullfish Interactive's HQ destroyed, but all of Lower Paradise as well.
During the investigation into alleged Chinese espionage against the US nuclear weapons programs, it was disclosed that modern US hydrogen bombs use a non-spherical core.
The deployment of W88 warheads on the Trident D-5 missiles was slowed by the closure of the Rocky Flats plutonium processing plant in November 1989 due to safety and environmental concerns.
The FY2003 NNSA budget request provided for adding as many as 10 new W88 warheads to the stockpile per year beginning as early as 2007. First, the warheads on the D-5 are mounted in close proximity to the rocket motor, arranged in a circle around the missile's third stage. Second, W88 designers had to choose whether to use the traditional high explosives [HE], or the safer insensitive high explosive [IHE], which possess a unique insensitivity to certain abnormal environments, such as fires, crashes or unexpected impacts. Third, the Drell Panel was also concerned that in choosing the plutonium pit in the W88 warhead did not include Fire Resistant Pit which includes materials which can withstand temperatures of 1000 degrees Fahrenheit [however, since rocket fuel burns at 2000 degrees Fahrenheit, the Fire Resistant Pit isn't much safer than a regular pit when used in a warhead carried by a missile]. The Navy implemented Drell Panel recommendations to change Trident-II missile handling procedures, and the Department of Energy continues to improve the three-dimensional computer codes to predict warhead behavior in abnormal environments. Flight tests involve the actual dropping or launching of a weapon from which the nuclear components have been removed. During the mid-1990s the W88 warhead was considered by DOE to be of concern in relation to nonnuclear systems laboratory tests.
In 1999 it was reported that China had received secret design information for the most modern U.S.
The abrupt closure of the Rocky Flats Plant in 1989 stopped production of W88 pits before sufficient pits were produced to meet the stockpile surveillance requirements for the projected 20-year design life of the W88 warhead. As of 2001 the United States was the only nuclear weapons state that cannot produce plutonium pits for its weapons. In the absence of nuclear testing, the fabrication and certification of pits that meet quality requirements for the nuclear weapon stockpile war reserve remains a major challenge. Plan the design and construction of a Modern Pit Facility to support long term pit manufacturing. The early years of the pit project are dominated by manufacturing process development for the W88 pit.
Development pits will be manufactured while manufacturing processes are defined and qualified. Pit manufacturing and certification activities not specifically supporting the W88 are conducted in the third element of the restructured campaign.
The limited manufacturing capacity being established to support the W88 requirements is insufficient to meet manufacturing requirements for the long term support of the stockpile. Under the W88 Pit Manufacturing and Certification Integrated Project Plan, the major focus of FY 2004 activities is preparation for integral experiments in FY 2005.
The United States learned about the Chinese theft of the W-88 Trident D-5 warhead information, as well as about the theft of information regarding several other thermonuclear weapons, in 1995.
PRC document classified "Secret" that contained specific design information on the W-88 Trident D-5, and technical information on other thermonuclear warheads.
A major problem with fragmentation warheads is that the distance between fragments increases rapidly as they move outward from the explosion.
Direct attack on an aircraft's airframe is the most effective method of destroying the target. When the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory began development of Talos they realized that they needed a more effective warhead for the missile.
The initial warhead design for Talos was an adaptation of the rod fragmentation projectile. A space between the explosives and diffuser tube allowed cables, waveguides and pressure sensor tubes to pass to the electronics compartment aft of the warhead.
This idea was developed into the RIM-8C warhead for the Extended Range Talos missile that was introduced in 1960. A space between the explosive and the diffuser tube allowed passage of cables and tubing from the antennas and pitot tube to the electronics section aft of the warhead.
The First Tactical Talos and the Extended Range Talos missiles were produced in two versions.
The nuclear warhead was positioned inside the inlet innerbody that acted as the compressor for the ramjet.
At the rear of the warhead was the safing and arming assembly composed of the safing and arming device, the detonator and a booster explosive charge.
The safing and arming device contained an arming mechanism that was activated by the acceleration of launch. One of the problems with the early Talos homing system was the inability to distinguish individual targets in a crowd. In 1951 work was underway to develop a small nuclear warhead that could be delivered by aircraft.
In March 1986, the first production unit of the W87 warhead for the Peacekeeper intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM) was completed at the Pantex plant, culminating a four-year advanced development program. The W87 design is unique for strategic ballistic missile systems in its use of an insensitive high explosive and a fire-resistant pit design; both features help to minimize the possibility of plutonium dispersal in the event of an accident. The US has decided to retire Peacekeeper ICBMs and to deploy a large fraction of its W87 warheads on Minuteman III missiles. The ongoing work at Pantex enhances the structural rigidity of the warhead and is increasing the service life by 30 years. The W87 Life Extension Program is the first major weapon system refurbishment since the 1980s.
The W87, as is the case with every other weapon in the stockpile, has important components made at Y-12. In addition to introducing new technologies for the W87 LEP, required machine tools and material processes were restarted after almost a decade of disuse. The test regime, or stockpile surveillance, includes periodic flight testing of instrumented test models of a given weapon -- as close to the real thing possible -- called Joint Test Assemblies, or JTAs. In a relatively new program supporting the W87 nuclear weapon, a Sandia team is designing so-called Enhanced Fidelity Instrumentation, or EFI, to provide more reliable data during W87 test flights.
The first EFI test flight, FTU-12 (flight test unit 12), conducted in coordination with the Stockpile Life Extension Program, carried out a wide range of flight characteristic measurements during the unit's arcing flight down the Pacific range.
Enhanced Fidelity Instrumentation (EFI) enabled a new W87 Instrumented High Fidelity (IHF) flight test vehicle in 1999. To get the highest possible fidelity in these tests, most weapon systems -- including the W87 -- now fly "high fidelity" test articles.
In 2000 the Laboratory's activities were directed toward final certification of the restockpiled weapons, which was expected in 2001.
At the successful conclusion of a three-year testing and evaluation program a Major Assembly Release (MAR) authorized on Jan. A group of California Weapon Interns successfully designed, built, and launched a highly instrumented W87 warhead -- Instrumentation Development Flight (IDF) 3 -- in June 2002. A new high-G shock test method using the Sandia rocket sled track was invented, developed, and qualified in 2002 by Sandia for assessing weapons component subassemblies for survivability in penetration environments. A two-page spread in the 31 July 1995 issue of US News and World Report entitled "Shockwave," documented the annihilation and destruction that would be caused by a nuclear attack or a nuclear bomb going off. In late 2004 the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) completed the first leg of an ambitious program to ensure that the nation's aging nuclear weapons stockpile is capable of meeting national defense requirements without producing new warheads or conducting underground nuclear tests. NNSA has successfully completed a life extension refurbishment program for the W87 nuclear warhead.
The W87 LEP was the first refurbishment program conducted by the NNSA's nuclear weapons complex, and the first program since the early 1990s that featured full utilization of the production complex.
The SERV program modifies the Minuteman III (MMIII) Reentry System (RS) to accept the Peacekeeper MK21 warhead, thus keeping the newest and safest warhead in the inventory. On 09 January 2009 the Air Force modified a cost plus incentive fee contract with Northrop Grumman Space Technology, Clearfield, Utah for $36,959,911.
By early 2010 the Air Force began Full Rate Production 2 of the Safety Enhanced Reentry Vehicle program. The nuclear device used a spherical implosion system, with the hollow oralloy pit at the center. The W-30 was the first weapon to use an external neutron pulse generator initiator (called a "Zipper"). The new XW-30 design was tested in five above ground explosions at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). Teapot-Moth was detonated at 5:45 AM PST on 22 February 1955 on a 300 foot tower at NTS Area 3. Teapot-Hornet was detonated at 5:20 AM PST on 12 March 1955 on a 300 ft tower at NTS Area 3a.

Plumbob-Stokes was conducted at 4:25 AM PST 7 Aug 1957 at NTS Area 7b, suspended from a balloon at 1500 ft altitude.
Plumbob-Franklin Prime was detonated at 4:40 AM PST 30 August 1957 at NTS Area 7b, suspended from a balloon at 750 ft altitude. This could be accomplished by a relatively small high altitude blast that would have lower impact on surface ships. A slightly different design, the 22 inch diameter and 317 pound Plumbob-Stokes warhead, was a test of the more powerful W-30 SADM device.
It was intended to destroy enemy installations or to block key transportation points for enemy armor and motorized infantry. The higher yield was necessary because it would be detonated at ground level where most of the blast energy would be dissipated in the atmosphere above the explosion. The W-30 nuclear device was also the "Boa" primary for the 200 Kt W-52 thermonuclear warhead for the Army's MGM-29 Sergeant short range ballistic missile. Fallout from the XW-30 test shots spread across the continental United States and Canada to the Atlantic Ocean. Vince Desi informs Postal Dude that Mike J has been infected with Mad-Cow disease, so Vince needs Postal Dude to help with the marketing, by doing something to prompt the media to say the competition is "toasted".
However, when he arrived to the underground part of the camp, he realized they had no weapons at all.
At the time, independent unofficial esimates were that only 400 Mk 88s had been produced before the plant closed, versus the originally planned. In 2003 Los Alamos delivered the first certifiable W88 pit from the interim pit production capability.
Sydney Drell of Stanford found that there was a significant danger that a W-88 warhead would detonate by accident. The warheads on other American ballistic missiles are mounted on a platform which provides some insulating material between the warheads and a fuel fire. Unlike the conventional explosive, IHE is extremely unlikely to detonate in any of these crises.
DOE uses specially designed equipment-referred to as telemetry packages-to test the integration and functioning of the weapon's electrical and mechanical subsystems.
A Nuclear Explosive Safety Study is required for each weapon type before DOE's Pantex Plant can disassemble and inspect a weapon selected for testing.
Milestones continued to slip for production and certification of a plutonium pit for a W88 warhead at the interim Los Alamos TA-55 facility.
Only one W88 warhead surveillance pit remained for destructive testing purposes but good progress was being made toward establishing a limited manufacturing capability at Los Alamos National Laboratory, with production of certifiable pits scheduled to begin in fiscal year 2003.
The W88 Pit Manufacturing and Certification Integrated Project Plan, March 2001, has identified approximately 18,000 activities and 350 individual work packages to complete the pit production and certification task reflecting the magnitude of this major challenge. During this period, certification tests are focused on examining fundamental plutonium properties and developing an approach to certification without nuclear testing.
As a part of reestablishing the capability to manufacture war reserve pits, the production controls and quality infrastructure necessary to meet quality requirements and consistency of product will be established. A thorough peer review of the plan and activities required for W88 pit certification and manufacturing will be performed. These activities include identifying and scheduling the reestablishment of key manufacturing technologies for the W87 and B61-7 pits which, together with the W88, span technical variations of pits within the stockpile.
In addition, the capability to manufacture pits is essential to replace pits that are destructively evaluated as part of surveillance activities or to replace pits that have exhibited unacceptable aging effects. DOE identified LANL as the site to make nuclear weapon pits through the 1996 Stockpile Stewardship and Management Environmental Impact Statement. The experiments have been re-baselined to support the acceleration of W88 pit certification from FY 2009 to FY 2007. These experiments will also be the principal basis for computational ties to the prior nuclear test database.
The first flight tests of the prototype RIM-8B missiles were conducted in 1953, only 18 months after design work started.
The enhanced safety design features of the W87 were incorporated early in the development program when the Air Force was considering basing schemes with moveable missiles. To prepare for long-term continuing deployment of the W87, a Life Extension Program for the W87 began in 1995 and modifications are being made to the W87s at Pantex. Livermore involved the plants early in the design phase of the SLEP to ensure that the developed design meets performance requirements and can be produced efficiently, cost effectively, and with high quality.
The warhead will be mated to the Minuteman III missile following deactivation of the Peacekeeper missile. This includes small modifications to the primary, replacement of some non-nuclear components in the warhead, and refurbishment of some secondary components.
And, as a complex precision machine, it must undergo periodic surveillance and maintenance to keep it in optimum working condition. Further, new requirements for electronically capturing manufacturing and inspection data to support certification without nuclear testing launched an effort to network machine tools on the factory floor. Although a W87 JTA goes through routine, periodic testing, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory was interested in having flight test instrumentation that was not as intrusive into their parts as the existing JTAs. Compared to existing instrumentation, EFI is much smaller and holds the potential to provide more detailed information. In other words, the driver behind the EFI program is the desire to have a telemetry package that occupies much less volume and thus causes much less perturbation on the system during testing than is currently the case. FTU-12, incorporated gyros, magnetometers, accelerometers, vibration sensors, pressure transducers, and other instruments, all far smaller than similar instruments carried in W87's traditional JTAs. Because this quantity of explosives is not normally allowed on the California site, extensive preparation that included ES&H, transportation, security, and project personnel was required.
This vehicle retains War Reserve (WR) similitude while incorporating a full suite of instrumentation allowing performance to be scored without perturbing vehicle dynamics.
Traditionally, some weapon system components in flight tests were replaced by the telemetry instrumentation.
24, 2001, the unconditional use of the Alt 342 W87 Life Extension Program (LEP) warhead by the Air Force. IDF-3, while also serving as a real-world weapon-training project for the interns, allowed Sandia to test some 10 different experimental technologies, including a broadband transmitter, a wireless system bus, a distributed transmitter, and two separate attitude and trajectory measurement systems. The test capability enables Sandia to respond quickly and less expensively to future weapon requirements. The last W87 warhead to be refurbished rolled off the assembly line at the Pantex Plant after undergoing an extensive rebuild.
Completion of this important life extension program assures the continued safety and reliability of this vital part of the strategic nuclear deterrent. NNSA sites that participated in the work included the Pantex Plant, the Y-12 National Security Complex, the Kansas City Plant, the Los Alamos National Laboratory, the Sandia National Laboratories, and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The MK21 will be deployed on MM III prior to the phase out of the MK12 warhead which is being driven by the pending decertification of this warhead by the Department of Energy (DOE).
The contract will provide the Minuteman III Safety Enhanced Reentry Vehicle full rate production option. In January 2010 the USAF completed an internal Mk21 Fuze Refurbishment Assessment Team analysis.
Its purpose was to damage or destroy hostile aircraft and missiles, blind enemy pilots and disrupt electronic systems. Shots Wasp to Hornet, The First Five TEAPOT Tests, 18 February - 12 March 1955, Defense Nuclear Agency, DNA 6010F, 26 November, 1981. Shots Boltzman to Wilson, The First Four Tests of the PLUMBOB Series, 28 May - 18 June 1957, Defense Nuclear Agency, DNA 6008F, 28 September, 1981. Shots Diablo to Franklin Prime, The Mid-Series Tests of the PLUMBOB, Series 15 July - 30 August 1957, Defense Nuclear Agency, DNA 6006F, 29 September, 1981.
Postal Dude comes with the conclusion that people love fireworks and that a "nice explosion" would actually make the competition toasted.
In that very same time, the National Guard arrives and arrests the terrorists and Postal Dude and takes them all to the Military Base. This was the first certifiable pit made by the United States since the shut down of Rocky Flats in 1989. There were three serious design issues with the W88, according to the "Report of the Panel on Nuclear Weapons Safety," written by Sidney Drell, John Foster, and Charles Townes for the House Armed Services Committee, completed in December 1990. Without disassembly and inspection capability, surveillance tests, including flight tests of sample warheads from the stockpile (the nuclear components must be removed and replaced by the telemetry equipment), cannot be conducted.
Department of Energy weapons laboratory." Edward Curran, the Energy Department's new counterintelligence director, said that "Department labs 'have the best computers and the smartest scientists in the world . In the near term, DOE's Pit Manufacturing and Certification Campaign is focused mainly on W88 pit manufacturing and certification and planning for a Modern Pit Facility.

In contrast, W88 pit certification has slipped from fiscal year 2007 to fiscal year 2009, with no commitment to meeting the latter date. Following successful completion of process development pits and establishment of the requisite quality assurance infrastructure, the first certifiable pit will be fabricated and followed by the fabrication of qualification and production pits. Engineering tests will be identified and scheduled for use in evaluating: the intrinsic radiation signature. Planning for a modern pit facility with the capability to meet requirements is essential to establish a viable readiness posture. Nonetheless, CIA and other Intelligence Community analysts that reviewed the document concluded that it contained U.S.
If the PRC attempted to deploy an exact replica of the US W-88 Trident D-5 warhead, it would face considerable technical challenges. The Peacekeeper came into service in the 1980s, and its warhead was one of the last "new " designs developed by US Department of Energy design agency physicists. Formal certification of the refurbished warheads without nuclear testing was an important early test of new capabilities developed under the Stockpile Stewardship Program. Operations at the Y-12 plant have provided the greatest challenge for the W87 SLEP because of the suspension of many operations at that facility.
The NWC accepted the refurbished W87 as a standard stockpile item in the first quarter of FY 2002. An LEP, like the W87, results from findings and observations made during routine S&M activities and may involve modifications to one or more components to enhance safety and extend the weapon system 's shelf life.
This secure network is being expanded under the auspices of the Stockpile Readiness Campaign. The concern with the conventional JTA-type flight tests is that it doesn't have the physics package critical parts. In May 1998, the first flight of an EFI-configured W87 was conducted from Vandenberg Air Force Base.
The instruments gave weapon designers a highly detailed picture of how the weapon actually flies along its trajectory and what happens to it as it separates from the launch vehicle, spins up, and reenters the atmosphere. The shipment of the units, the mass properties measurements, and related activities all were successfully accomplished, with the flight test units delivered on time to Vandenberg AFB.
Analysis using data from a W87 IHF development test confirmed acceptable performance during second roll encounter -- a flight regime that had not been broadly understood.
The new architecture subdivides telemetry functions and circuitry into smaller modules, which can be distributed throughout the test vehicle in unused spaces, so that weapon components don't need to be removed. The Lab also flight-tested production verification units aboard a Peacekeeper missile launched in March 2000. IDF-3 contained the first LIGA micro-system to fly on a warhead in a true test flight environment. Both W87 and B83 subsystems have been tested against the simulated hard target penetration shock delivered by this novel test method. The purpose of the W87 Life Extension Program (LEP) refurbishment is to extend the warhead's life by 30 years and to provide structural enhancements. The SERV will modify the RS to accommodate differences in electrical and mechanical interfaces, system software, support equipment, and trainers along with nuclear surety and human intent certification. The government has aggressively screened existing Mk21 fuzes to ensure the maximum potential number of usable assets for the warfighter.
In the US arsenal, the W-88 warhead is mated to the D-5 submarine-launched ballistic missile carried aboard the Trident nuclear submarine.
The W-88 has a non-spherical primary [the fission atomic trigger], a configuration first used in the W47. DOE and national laboratory officials were not concerned about the reliability of the W88 warhead because they have collected considerable data over the past few years by testing W88 warheads that had never been placed in the stockpile. However, in addition to meeting the W88 surveillance requirements, the NNSA is committed "to reestablishing and maintaining sufficient levels of production to support requirements for the safety, reliability, and performance of United States nuclear weapons" as delineated in the January 26, 1996, START II Treaty Ratification Text. This reflected both the difficulty of certifying a pit with extremely high confidence in the absence of nuclear testing, as well as the potential national security consequences of a failure in this area.
During the ensuing qualification period, certifiable pits will be manufactured at LANL for use in experiments to demonstrate equivalence with Rocky Flats produced pits.
Further Qualification Pits will be manufactured to support engineering and physics testing for certification of the manufactured pits. The conceptual design scheduled to begin in early FY 2002, subsequent to a critical decision validating the mission need, will be postponed. However, the PRC could build modern thermonuclear warheads based on stolen US design information, including the stolen W-88 design information, using processes similar to those developed or available in a modern aerospace or precision guided munitions industry. It incorporates all "Drell" safety features: Insensitive High Explosive, a Fire Resistant Pit, and an Enhanced Nuclear Detonation Safety. NNSA has completed work on over half of the W87 inventory and the remaining W87 stockpile will be refurbished by the first quarter of FY 2004. SRC also is including electronic data capture capabilities among its criteria in selecting and deploying new equipment and technologies. There is some instrumentation in there that is supposed to have the same mass properties as the real part.
Tests incorporating these so-called hi-fi articles have yielded useful results, but there's only so much you can learn via remote sensing. A LIGA (German acronym for an X-ray lithography-based manufacturing process) spring enabled the development of an Environmental Sensing Device (ESD) that can accurately sense low levels of acceleration.
A second method to test full systems impacting concrete targets under controlled impact conditions is under development.
Test articles will be developed to support development and qualification testing, flight testing, systems integration, and weapon system-level testing. This latest assessment will provide the final refurbishment strategy to meet the warfighter's needs for the most reliable, capable and safest warhead in the inventory.
Upon entering the ordenance silo, he will come across the warhead and notes that it could be used to destroy the rival video game company, Bullfish Interactive.
The Los Alamos National Laboratory program to develop the W88 warhead for the Trident II 5D missile was completed in 1989. The primary is situated in the nosecone's narrow forward end [an arrangement used previously in some but not all American warheads]. Because the W88 warhead is a relatively new weapon, DOE officials believe that the information from these "new material" tests provides good reliability data. A minimum set of certification experiments to determine product equivalency have been identified.
Physics laboratory experiments will be planned and scheduled to confirm that LANL plutonium fabrication techniques produce equivalent compositions,microstructures and mechanical properties when compared to Rocky Flats manufactured material. Some of the W87 Peacekeeper warheads were redeployed on Minuteman ICBMs under the Safety Enhanced Reentry Vehicle (SERV) program. It's supposed to act like the real weapon, but it's not the real thing, so there's always the question, 'Is this reality?' The closer tests can get to the real thing with elements like mass distribution, the more confidence there is in the test data. The motion of the ESD spring and sense mass is fluid damped to assure smooth, long-term operation.
He takes it, and proceeds to escape the base and head to Bullfish Interactive's headquarters. This would imply that a total of nearly 800 of the W88 weapons had been produced, with each submarined loaded with 192 warheads [8 each on 24 missiles]. Integral tests will include explosively driven experiments to extrapolate material performance models in more realistic weapons environments, provide data to compare Rocky Flats material properties to LANL material properties, and to assist in development of advanced diagnostic techniques for more complex follow-on experiments. Each W87 warhead will displace one W62, or three W78 warheads currently deployed on Minuteman. This robust device is designed to play a key role in nuclear weapon safety architectures that use environmental sensing as part of their nuclear safety theme. At the headquarters, Dude places the warhead down in Phraud Hogslop's office, then goes to rescue Champ from the Dog Pound. There are now nearly 400 W88 warheads in the stockpile and more than 3,000 W76s, the other warhead on US submarine launched missiles.
Additional integral dynamic tests will use actual geometry experiments to quantify performance differences that may result from differences in manufacturing between Rocky Flats and LANL. A number of W78 and W87 warheads will be retained as reliability replacements and surveillance assets to support the responsive force.

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