Two disaster preparedness and recovery resources that are helping the residents of California become more resilient to disasters.
For people who have lost everything and can’t remember what they had prior to a disaster, The Memory Jogger can be a real asset.
If you enjoyed this post, please consider leaving a comment or subscribing to the RSS feed to have future articles delivered to your feed reader. For your emergency supply needs, visit Major Survival and mention 'COPE' for a 10% discount. Jakarta Metropolitan City is the capital of Republic Indonesia, known as DKI Jakarta, which is correspondent to DKI Jakarta Province.  It was established over 460 year ago, in 1527 previously called Batavia, later during World War II called Jakarta. Jakarta has suffered billions USD investment and opportunity lost in every five year flood occurrence since 1996 that badly inundated the CBDs in North Jakarta and access road of Jakarta International Airport. During 2002 and 2007 Jakarta flood, the total area and volume of inundation in Jakarta have increased in certain area.
The number of legal and illegal inhabitant live surrounding riverbank and the growth of congested area contribute the vulnerability of Jakarta City.
Reduced vulnerability of urban communities through enhanced preparedness and mitigation of hydro-meteorological disasters in South and South East Asia. Increased stakeholder involvement and further enhancement of strategies, tools and methodologies related to community preparedness and mitigation of hydro-meteorological disasters in urban communities.
Enhanced coordination with USAID Missions to promote sustainability and ensure program activities accord with USAID country and regional strategies.
Increased adoption of public and private sector mechanisms for community preparedness and mitigation of hydro-meteorological disaster risk in urban areas of South and South East Asia, which will measurably alleviate human suffering, prevent loss of life, and reduce the potential for physical and economic damage.
On 15 February 2008 Official Project Kick Off Workshop had been conducted, taken place at Regional Planning Board of JPG and was attended  by 40 officials of JPG’s Agencies and its stakeholders, representative of USAID Jakarta, and PROMISE Indonesia team. Data collecting as part of activity 1.2 Mapping of Hazard Study and Vulnerability Assessment had been conducted through collecting secondary data. As has been stated previously that the capacity index are assessed using two scenario, existing and intervention scenario. The intervention (moderate optimistic scenario) shows that the risk is significantly decreasing in several areas. The aim of this activity is for road mapping any initiatives on preparedness and mitigation for Jakarta flood done by various local, national and international institutions. The CDM ITB had conducted TOT on Capacity Building for Local Government and Community in Developing Flood Early Warning System in Jakarta on June 8 to 11, 2008 in PKK Building. Ibu Harkunti as PROMISE coordinator gave a souvenir for the representative of DKI Jakarta Provincial Government, South Jakarta RedCross (PMI) and CBO.
The main goal of TOT is to raise awareness and preparedness toward flood disaster in order to enhance a safe and prepared community and local government toward flood disaster and also to build integrated flood early warning system in Jakarta. To synchronize and increase the knowledge about flood to related stakeholders at city government and community level, in developing flood disaster risk assessment and action plan. Transferring knowledge on flood disaster, mitigation and preparedness to the participants in order to increase their capacities and skill so they can continue transferring the knowledge to the wider community. To give guidelines on how to develop action plan and contingency plan at city, community and school level toward flood disaster. Group Picture of Participants, invited guesses and instructors in TOT on Capacity Building for Local Government and Community in Flood Early Warning System In Jakarta. To achieve the TOT program goal and objective, the mechanism of disseminating and conveying the information was divided into 3 types of strategies which are movie show; lecture class and simulation. The Technical Working Group is for providing advocacy for mainstreaming DRR and Risk Management in City Governance as part of the development of City-level DRRMP. An expert and team will develop the Flood Early Warning System for Jakarta and also the DRR guideline as well as assist and stimulate the TWG discussion accommodated through a series of TWG mini workshops. Center for Disaster Mitigation (CDM ITB) collaborated with Indonesian Red Cross (PMI), Local Governments at Kelurahan level (Kelurahan Kebon Baru and Kelurahan Bukit Duri), CBO, and SMAN 8 South Jakarta conducted workshop on townwatching on August 16th 2008 in Kelurahan Kebon Baru Office.
The objective of this activity is to assist the local NGOs, school communities and community leaders in conducting their own risk assessment and developing their own action plans. To support the Early Warning System at Kelurahan Level, Kebon Baru built Flood Reference in each RW that prone with flood. This activity aims for conducting the capacity building initiatives to increase the capacity of first responder through two-day training. In the implementation of the training, PROMISE-Indonesia collaborated with PMI (Indonesian Red Cross) Jakarta Chapter, Social Agency and Health Agency of Jakarta Provincial Government. This Training for First Responder was a replication by community in RW 1 Kelurahan Kebon Baru by using their own resources, sponsors and also support by PROMISE. There are several activities has been conducted in order to developing Flood EWS in Kelurahan Kebon Baru ie. To socialize the result of improved Flood EWS to the wider community in Kelurahan Kebon Baru, Working Group Discussion had been implemented on January 25th, 2009. The implementation of this activity is to bridge the activity on city level and community level.
Prior to the implementation of the drill, some preparation works will cover the readiness of community crisis center with its appointed personnel, the readiness of existing JPG Crisis Center and the response of first responder of both city and community level, as well as the post disaster related task forces of Satkorlak PB. Integrated End-to-End Flood EWS simulation had been conducted in Kelurahan Kebon Baru on February 1st, 2009.
This School Disaster Recovery Plan has been prepared so that in the event of a disaster, all conceivable actions, which can be taken to ensure the safety and welfare of students and staff, will be implemented.  Preparing staff, students, and parents with appropriate instructions and practice in how to act and react in case of an emergency will effectively minimize the problems that will arise in such a situation. Most states ask that all public employees become emergency service workers in the event of a declared emergency.  This means that all school district employees will be required to work in this capacity in case a disaster occurs and a state of emergency is declared. The School Emergency and Crisis Response Plan that follows is the official policy of (Insert School Name). 2.         Ensure the safety and supervision of students, faculty, staff and visitors to the school.
As used in this plan, this term is intended to describe a range of situations, from a specific isolated emergency to a major disaster.
A.        Involves a limited or large area, limited or large population, or important facilities. B.        Evacuation or in-place sheltering is typically limited to the immediate area of the emergency. C.        Warning and public instructions are provided in the immediate area, not communitywide.
E.         May require external assistance from other local response agencies or contractors. B.        May require implementation of large-scale evacuation or in-place sheltering and implementation of temporary shelter and mass care operations. D.        Requires a response by all local response agencies operating under one or more ICs.
E.         Requires significant external assistance from other local response agencies, contractors, and extensive state or federal assistance.
F.         The EOC will be activated to provide general guidance and direction, provide emergency information to the public, coordinate state and federal support, and coordinate resource support for emergency operations. A document published separately from this plan that identifies the local hazards that have caused or possess the potential to adversely affect public health and safety, public or private property, or the environment. These are arrangements between governments or organizations, either public or private, for reciprocal aid and assistance during emergency situations where the resources of a single jurisdiction or organization are insufficient or inappropriate for the tasks that must be performed to control the situation. A.        (Insert School Name) is exposed to many hazards, all of which have the potential for disrupting the school community, causing casualties, and damaging or destroying public or private property. E.         The school has a master schedule of where classes and grade levels are located during the day.
D.        A map of the buildings annotated with evacuation routes, shelter locations, fire alarm pull stations, fire hydrants, fire extinguishers, first aid kits, hazardous materials storage, and utility shut offs is included in Appendix 4. Assumptions reveal the limitations of the Emergency and Crisis Response Plan by identifying what was assumed to be true during development.  These allow users to foresee the need to deviate from the plan if certain assumptions prove not to be true during operations. A.        (Insert School Name) will continue to be exposed to and subject to the impact of those hazards described in the Hazard Summary, as well as, lesser hazards and others that may develop in the future.
D.        Following a major or catastrophic event, the school will have to rely on its own resources to be self-sustaining for up to 72 hours. G.        Proper mitigation actions, such as creating a positive school environment, and fire inspections, can prevent or reduce disaster-related losses.
H.        A spirit of volunteerism among school employees, students and families will result in their providing assistance and support to emergency response efforts.
A.        It is the policy of (Insert School Name) that no guarantee is implied by this plan of a perfect response system.
A.        The objectives of school emergency operations program are to protect the lives and well-being of its students and staff through the prompt and timely response of trained school personnel should an emergency affect the school. A.        It is the responsibility of (Insert School Name) officials to protect students and staff from the effects of hazardous events.
B.        It is the responsibility of the school to provide in-service emergency response education for all school and office personnel. C.        It is the responsibility of the School Principal, or a designated person, to conduct drills and exercises to prepare school personnel as well as students for an emergency situation.
G.        The National Incident Management System (NIMS) establishes a uniform set of processes, protocols, and procedures that all emergency responders, at every level of government, will use to conduct response actions. 1.         Institutionalize the use of the Incident Command System – Staff and students tasked in the plan will receive ICS-100 training. J.          This plan is based upon the concept that the emergency functions that must be performed by the school generally parallel some of their normal day-to-day functions.
1.         In case of an emergency at any district facility, the flow of information after calling9-1-1, shall be from the school Principal to the district office.


2.         In the event of a fire, any one discovering the fire shall activate the building fire alarm system.
3.         In the event the district is in receipt of information, such as a weather warning that may affect a school within the district, the information shall be provided to the school District Superintendent. 1.         (Insert School Name) understands the importance of training, drills, and exercises in the overall emergency management program. 2.         Training and refresher training sessions shall be conducted for all school personnel.
5.         (Insert School Name) will participate in any external drills or exercises sponsored by local emergency responders.
1.         The designated incident commander (IC) for the school will implement the ICS team and serve as the IC until relieved by a more senior or more qualified individual.
1.         (Insert School Name) will use its own resources to respond to emergency situations until emergency response personnel arrive.
B.        Request assistance from industry or individuals who have resources needed to assist with the emergency situation.
B.        The Incident Commander is responsible for carrying out the ICS function of command—managing the incident. C.        In emergency situations where other jurisdictions or the state or federal government are providing significant response resources or technical assistance, in most circumstances there will be a transition from the normal ICS structure to a Unified Command structure. 2.         Directing and controlling the on-scene response to the emergency situation and managing the emergency resources committed there.
9.         In some large-scale emergencies or disasters, emergency operations with different          objectives may be conducted at geographically separated scenes.
A.        This plan addresses emergency actions that are conducted during all four phases of emergency management.
1.         Preparedness activities will be conducted to develop the response capabilities needed in the event an emergency. 1.         (InsertSchoolName) will respond to emergency situations effectively and efficiently. 1.         If a school administrator or other emergency response team member is notified of an emergency during the summer (or when affected students are off-track if they attend year-round schools), the response usually will be one of limited school involvement. When school reconvenes, check core group of friends and other at-risk students and staff, and institute appropriate support mechanisms and referral procedures. The Executive Group provides guidance and direction for emergency management programs and for emergency response and recovery operations. The Emergency Operations Planning Team develops emergency operations plan for the district or schools, coordinates with local emergency services to develop functional annexes as well as annexes for specific hazards, coordinates (Insert School Name) planning activities and recruits members of the school’s emergency response teams.
Emergency Response Teams assist the Incident Commander in managing an emergency and providing care for school employees, students and visitors before local emergency services arrive or in the event of normal local emergency services being unavailable.
This group includes organized volunteer groups and businesses who have agreed to provide certain support for emergency operations. 1.         For most emergency functions, successful operations require a coordinated effort from a number of personnel. 2.         The individual having primary responsibility for an emergency function is normally responsible for coordinating preparation of and maintaining that portion of the emergency plan that addresses that function. 1.         Provide instruction on any special communications equipment or night call systems used to notify first responders. 4.         Ensure a preplanned area of rescue assistance for students and other persons with disabilities within the building readily accessible to rescuers.
Those without insurance will need to provide an inventory of their disaster losses to the Internal Revenue Service for tax purposes. Imagine trying to recall every item you had in your home and creating an inventory without photos, receipts, or any documentation. This inundation is often aggravated by the onset of swell, a long wave influenced by storm during monsoon that could reach up to 2m – 4m in the Jakarta coastal area. During the five-year flood in 2002 and 2007 and the 2008 perennial flood, the impacts were even worse.
They have not only inundated squatter area but also residential area of middle-class to upper-class income. Within this workshop, four candidate project locations were proposed at kelurahan level, i.e.
Parallel with collecting data activity, survey for project site selection also had been conducted on four candidate project location. Each one is given weight of importance defining the significant of the parameter to the capacity. However, the risk index for intervention (moderate pessimistic scenario) does not show significant improvement compare to the existing condition. An ITB expert and team had conducted the works of this activity through an exhaustive survey and desk study to produce a city-level road map for disaster-risk-reduction initiatives and had been discussed by a TWG through a mini-workshop. The purpose of movie show is to give lesson learned on how to build integrated early warning system. The group consist of key City Officials and experts formed to identify courses of action to integrate disaster risk reduction in the city development plan.  The team will also identify inter-sector roles, develop a sector-based framework for integrating DRR in routine functions, and develop comprehensive guidelines for DRR integration into sector based work culture through establishment of sub-committees with inputs from experts and other stakeholders’ organization. Result of DRR Guidelines will socialized through a FGD workshop to review the flood hazard and vulnerability situation of Jakarta and an orientation on the DRRM Framework developed. The workshop was attended by 50 participants that representative all local partners (PMI, local government, CBO), community in Kelurahan  Kebon Baru, and school. The town watching is a participatory risk assessment (PRA) mechanism for assessing the hazard, vulnerability and capacity of the communities. Readiness and responsive personnel of first responder will be simultaneously tested during the End-to-End Drill  Activity.
They also will be involved in rehearsal of End to End Flood Early Warning System Drill on 25th January and the drill itself on 1st February 2009. Many stakeholder were involved in this activity such as Health Agency, Social Agency and PMI Jakarta Chapter. The objective of this activity is to test the three main EWS components simultaneously, i.e.
These works had been carried out by the ITB team and discussed through TWG mini-workshop on January 30 to 31, 2009.
This simulation was attended by approximately 700 participants, Governor of Jakarta Province and 26 Heads of Provincial Agency .
It is a result of a comprehensive review and update of school policies in the context of its location in (Location) and in the current world situation.
The substance, by its nature, containment, and reactivity, has the capability for inflicting harm during an accidental occurrence. In many cases, dissemination of warning to the public and implementation of increased readiness measures may be possible.
Since it takes time to summon external assistance, it is essential for this school to be prepared to carry out the initial emergency response on an independent basis. Detailed emergency planning, training of staff, students and other personnel, and conducting periodic emergency drills and exercises can improve this school’s readiness to deal with emergency situations. As personnel and resources may be overwhelmed, (Insert School Name) can only endeavor to make every reasonable effort to respond to the situation, with the resources and information available at the time.
To meet these objectives, the school shall establish and maintain a comprehensive emergency operations program that includes plans and procedures, hazard analysis, security audits, training and exercise, and plan review and maintenance. This involves having the primary role in identifying and mitigating hazards, preparing for and responding to, and managing the recovery from emergency situations that affect school. It addresses general functions that may need to be performed during any emergency situation and identifies immediate action functional protocols as well as guidelines for responding to specific types of incidents.
We encourage the use of ICS to perform non-emergency tasks to promote familiarity with the system. This system ensures that those involved in emergency response operations understand what their roles are and have the tools they need to be effective. Department of Homeland Security, school districts are among local agencies that must comply with NIMS.
The school is charged with insuring the training and equipment necessary for an appropriate response are in place. To the extent possible, the same personnel and material resources used for day-to-day activities will be employed during emergency situations.
They will normally take charge and remain in charge of the emergency until it is resolved and will transfer command and incident management to the appropriate emergency responder agency with legal authority to assume responsibility. Information should include the nature of the incident and the impact, on the facility, students and staff. Unless there is a lock down incident or a shelter in place incident in progress, the building shall be evacuated. To ensure that district personnel and community first responders are aware of their duties and responsibilities under the school plan and the most current procedures, the following training, drill and exercise actions will occur. In case of academic staff, training should coincide with the first in-service day of the school year.
Discussions will also center on any revisions to additional materials such as annexes and appendices. Availability of school personnel and the nature of the drill or exercise shall govern the degree to which the district will participate as it relate to improving the school’s ability to respond to and deal with emergencies. The IC will establish an incident command post (ICP) and provide an assessment of the situation to local officials, identify response resources required, and direct the on-scene response from the ICP. As the potential threat becomes clearer and a specific impact site or sites identified, an Incident Command Post may be established at the school, and direction and control of the response transitioned to the IC.
ICS is both a strategy and a set of organizational arrangements for directing and controlling field operations. The IC may be the Superintendent or the building Principal initially, but may transfer to the appropriate emergency responder agency official.


Designated individuals from one or more response agencies along with the School Commander with work jointly to carry out the response.  This arrangement helps to ensure that all participating agencies are involved in developing objectives and strategies to deal with the emergency. When the EOC is activated, it is essential to establish a division of responsibilities between the ICP and the EOC. The focus of most of this plan and its annexes is on planning for the response to emergencies. Short-term operations seek to restore vital services to the school and provide for the basic needs of the staff and students. During emergency situations, the normal organizational arrangements are modified to facilitate emergency operations.
The Executive Group includes the School Board, District Superintendent, District Emergency Management Coordinator, and School Principal. To facilitate a coordinated effort, district and school staff, and other school personnel are assigned primary responsibility for planning and coordinating specific emergency functions.
Listed below are general responsibilities assigned to the, Teachers, Emergency Services, and Support Services. This may include the assignment of school personnel from other school or community sites such as community emergency shelters. Stay in contact with the leaders of the emergency service agencies working with the emergency. Report to the incident commander or designee on the condition of any student that needs additional assistance. Many CBD areas were collapsed and the airport activities were disturbed due to inundated access road.
Kelurahan Bukit Duri (Tebet Subdistrict-Eastern Jakarta), Kelurahan Kebon Baru (Tebet Subdistrict-Eastern Jakarta), Kelurahan Bidara Cina (Jatinegara Subdistrict-Eastern Jakarta), and Cipinang Muara (Jatinegara Subdistrict-Eastern Jakarta). The FGD forum aims to identify further ‘who does what in which areas’, to obtain better understanding of government institution role and areas for cooperation with other stakeholder, and to identify the gaps and possibilities of mobilizing resources by others.
The purpose of the training implementation is to create the trainers for the community in disaster risk reduction in Jakarta, especially in South Jakarta City, Tebet Sub District, and Bukit Duri and Kebon Baru Sub Sub District. In the beginning of the workshop, Ibu Harkunti as PROMISE – Indonesia coordinator gave opening speech and then the workshop was opened by chief of Kelurahan Kebon Baru (Bpk.
The training was attended by 45 participants that consist of Youth Organization, Woman Organization (PKK), Field Coordinator for flood post at RW level, SMA 8 and also Kelurahan Member (such as Lurah, Chief of RW, Kelurahan Board etc as observers). The training was conducted on 11th January 2009 in Youth Office in RW 1 and involving about 60 participants.
Other purpose of this workshop are also to socializing and coordinating the End To End Flood Simulation in Kebon Baru that will be implemented on February 1st, 2009.
We support its recommendations and commit the school’s resources to ongoing training, exercises, and maintenance required to keep it current. It has been developed to assist (Insert School Name) protect its staff and students during an emergency situation. It can be toxic, corrosive, flammable, reactive, an irritant, or a strong sensitizer, and poses a threat to health and the environment when improperly managed. Compliance can be achieved through coordination with other components of local government and adoption of ICS to manage emergencies in schools.  School district participation in local government’s NIMS preparedness program is essential to ensure that emergency responder services are delivered to schools in a timely and effective manner. Because personnel and equipment resources are limited, some routine functions that do not contribute directly to the emergency may be suspended for the duration of an emergency. They will seek guidance and direction from local officials and seek technical assistance from state and federal agencies and industry where appropriate.  However, at no time will school officials transfer responsibility for student care. Taking shelter inside a sealed building is highly effective in keeping students and staff safe.
In the event that a lock down or shelter-in-place incident is in progress, the evacuation shall be limited to the area immediately in danger from the fire.
Training for the remainder of the support staff shall be held at a time during the school year that will allow for maximum attendance.  Records of the training provided including date(s), type of training and participant roster will be maintained.
The types of drills and exercises will be determined by the District Emergency Management Coordinator in compliance with the provisions of PA 94-600 (105 ILCS 128) also known as the School Safety Drill Act.  . It is designed to effectively integrate resources from different agencies into a temporary emergency organization at an incident site that can expand and contract with the magnitude of the incident and resources on hand. In order to clarify the roles, the school official in charge will be known as School Commander. If this situation occurs, it is particularly important that the allocation of resources to specific field operations be coordinated through the EOC. Response operations are intended to resolve an emergency situation quickly, while minimizing casualties and property damage.
School organization for emergencies includes an executive group, emergency operations planning team, emergency response teams, emergency services, and support services.
The Emergency Operations Planning Team at the school level includes District Emergency Management Coordinator, Principal, School Resource Officer, Counselor(s), and Nurse(s). Generally, primary responsibility for an emergency function will be assigned to an individual from the school that possesses the most appropriate knowledge and skills.
Additional specific responsibilities can be found in the functional annexes to this Basic Plan. These hydro-meteorological hazards has affected damages on the coastal area very badly, where almost 40% of the Jakarta area inundated and the Jakarta residents living near the river bank becoming the frequent victims. Classical problem of those communities at risk is that frequent recurrent hydro-meteorological hazard has made them ignorant to be prepared for future disaster, they become sceptical and tend to blame whoever blameable, such as blaming to the government, real estate developer and even their own neighbourhood or environment. Several institutions such as Jakarta Provincial Planning Agency (Bapeda Jakarta), Public Work Agency (Dinas PU), Fire Department, Public Defense Agency  (Trantib), Health Agency (Dinas Kesehatan) and Social Agency (Dinas Sosial), were also involved in the training. Result of this PRA is a community based flood risk map that will be used by the community themselves in developing community action plan (emergency response plan).
The purpose of this activity is to improving the existing Flood EWS and also to increase the capacity of stakeholder in responding and test early warning. PROMISE Indonesia also gave the emergency response equipment that consist of life vest, flashlight, megaphones, boots, emergency bag including madicines, Roop for water and gas stove, to the community as the implementation of community action plan. The test will also find out readiness of EWS infrastructure identified and developed at community level during the PROMISE project. This plan is a blueprint that relies on the commitment and expertise of individuals within and outside of the school community. Hamates include toxic substances, certain infectious agents, radiological materials, and other related materials such as oil, used oil, petroleum products, and industrial solid waste substances.
The personnel, equipment, and supplies that would normally be required for those functions will be redirected to accomplish emergency tasks.
It is essential that a precise division of responsibilities be determined for specific emergency operations. Response activities include warning, first aid, light fire suppression, law enforcement operations, evacuation, shelter and mass care, light search and rescue, as well as other associated functions.
The federal government, pursuant to the Stafford Act, provides the vast majority of disaster recovery assistance. Other school personnel may be assigned support responsibilities for specific emergency functions. The 13 rivers system consists of Ciliwung, Kali Baru Barat, Kali Baru Timur, Krukut, Cipinang, Grogol, Sunter, Buaran, Kramat Jati, Pesanggrahan, Cakung, Angke and Mookervart rivers, which are under the authority of National Government, i.e. Townwatching and community action planning development activity had been implemented for several times in Kelurahan Kebon Baru. FGDs had been implemented for three times which on 13th November 2008, 20th December 2008 and 11th January 2009 in Kelurahan Kebon Baru Office. At the community crisis center, the designated person in charge convey the warning to the community by using the warning mechanism identified and developed during the PROMISE Project. Furthermore, clear communication with emergency management officials and ongoing monitoring of emergency management practices and advisories is essential.
Adopting NIMS will enable staff and students to respond more effectively to an emergency and enhance communication between first responders and emergency responders.  (Insert School Name) will work with its local government to become NIMS compliant.
For small-scale incidents, the IC and one or two individuals may perform all of these functions. These have caused billions rupiahs for the Jakarta Provincial Government to maintain and clean up the water body not only for flood purposes but also for reducing sanitation problem. The hydrology data of the 2007 flood was used as the model input along with the topography map and drainage system and capacity within the area. The agenda of the workshop are introduction of PROMISE Indonesia including the program and progress by Ibu Harkunti P. The community had developed their flood risk map and action plan at RW (sub Kelurahan) level. The 700 participated communities from those area are expected to evacuate in proper manner to designated shelter by bringing the necessitate survival bags.
For larger emergencies, a number of individuals from different local emergency response agencies may be assigned to separate staff sections charged with those functions. Examples of recovery programs include temporary relocation of classes, restoration of school services, debris removal, restoration of utilities, disaster mental health services, and reconstruction of damaged stadiums and athletic facilities.
However, the conditions are worsened due to the facts that there is dual river-system management under different authority, i.e.
Rahayu, Introduction of the Townwatching and PRA methods by Anin Utami, implementation of townwatching and other PRA methods, mentoring are know-how using low cost technology such as GPS, by Bagus and Farid, Discussion and Presentation by participants, and then conclusion by Ibu Harkunti P. In the implementation of the simulation, PROMISE Indonesia was collaborated with many stakeholders at province, city, sub district including Kelurahan.



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