For decades, movies and some in the media have portrayed a nuclear attack as a a€?doomsdaya€? event implying most people would be killed on impact a€¦ and survivors would want to die once they come out of their shelters.
Limit your exposure to radiation,take shelter with proper shielding, and wait for the most dangerous radioactive materials to decay.
In other words, you CAN survive a nuke attack a€¦ but you MUST make an effort to learn what to do!
Please realize this is being written with small nuke devices in mind (like a 1-kiloton to 1-megaton device). A nuclear blast produces a blinding light, intense heat (called thermal radiation), initial nuclear radiation, 2 explosive shock waves (blasts), mass fires, and radioactive fallout (residual nuclear radiation).
The below graphic shows the destruction of a test home by an atomic blast on March 17, 1953 at the Nevada Proving Ground. Also, if a nuke is launched over our continent and explodes miles above the earth, it could create an electromagnetic pulse (EMP). An EMP from a high-altitude nuke (where a nation or group succeeds in detonating a nuclear device carried miles into the atmosphere) could affect electronics within 1,000 miles or more as shown below.
Both the initial nuclear radiation and residual nuclear radiation (also called radioactive fallout) are extremely dangerous. Radioactive fallout (residual nuclear radiation) is created when the fireball vaporizes everything inside it (including dirt and water). Fallout can be carried by winds for hundreds of miles and begin falling to the ground within minutes of the blast or take hours, days, weeks or even months to fall.

Reduce exposure a€“ Protect yourself from radioactive fallout with a€¦distance a€“ the more distance between you and fallout particles, the better shielding a€“ heavy, dense materials (like thick walls, earth, concrete, bricks, water and books) between you and fallout is best. Indoor shelter locations a€“ If you dona€™t have a fallout shelter, these options could provide protection from dangerous radiation by using proper shielding materials.
Leave 2 small air spaces for ventilation (about 4-6a€? each) a€“ one low at one end and one high at other end. Have water, radiation detection devices, KI, battery operated radio, food and sanitation supplies in case you have to shelter in place for days or weeks. In summary, those within the blast zone of Ground Zero (depending on the size of the nuke) wona€™t make it ..
By learning about potential threats, we are all better prepared to know how to react if something happens. A larger device or a nuclear war would cause more wide-spread damage but some of this data could still be helpful. The structure was located 3,500 feet from ground zero, and the time from the first to last picture was 2.3 seconds.
An EMP is a split-second silent energy burst (like a stroke of lightning) that can fry electronics connected to wires or antennas like cell phones, cars, computers, TVs, etc. Vaporized materials mix with radioactive materials in the updraft of air forming a mushroom cloud. The heaviest fallout would hit ground zero and areas downwind of that, and 80% of fallout would occur within 24 hours.

If alpha particles are inhaled, ingested, or enter body through a cut, they can cause damage to tissues and cells.
Beta particles can cause serious damage to internal organs if ingested or inhaled, and could cause eye damage or possible skin burns.
Since radiation does not stimulate nerve cells you may not feel anything while your body absorbs it.
Note: if rooftop of a building next to you is on that same floor, move one floor up or down since radioactive fallout would accumulate on rooftops. Unless electronics are grounded or hardened, an area or nation could experience anything from minor interference to crippled power, transportation, banking and communications systems. Most fallout looks like grey sand or gritty ash and the radiation given off cannot be seen, smelled, tasted or felt which is why it is so dangerous. Exposure to high levels of gamma rays can lead to radiation sickness or death, which is why it is critical to seek shelter from fallout in a facility with thick shielding! First Responders will have to wait for the deadly fallout to decay before they enter a hot zone so the more you prepare, the better your odds of surviving a terrorist nuke.

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Rubric: How To Survive Emp


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