To introduce competition, the incumbent IOUs divided themselves into separate wholesale generation, transmission and distribution and retail companies. Suppliers of wholesale generation are deregulated companies that own power-generating plants and sell electricity to retail electric providers (REPs). Transmission and distribution utilities (TDUs) are regulated companies that own the power lines through which the electricity flows. The Legislature believed that REPs spun out from IOUs would have a built-in competitive advantage in the newly deregulated market. Today, PUC tracks how many customers within the former incumbent utilities’ markets now purchase electricity from a competitive REP.
For a detailed history of deregulation in Texas, see Chapter 27 of the Comptroller’s 2008 Energy Report. The transmission and distribution of electricity over wires remains regulated throughout Texas. The 1995 Texas Legislature deregulated wholesale electricity sales between power generators and REPs within ERCOT’s territory. About 70 percent of the electricity consumed within ERCOT’s deregulated market is purchased from competitive providers. According to PUC, 77 municipally owned utilities (MOUs) currently serve Texas cities including Austin, Lubbock and San Antonio, as well as smaller cities and communities such as Brady, Floresville, Pineland, Seymour and Tulia. MOUs are publicly owned, nonprofit utilities that generate or purchase power and control its distribution to area residents. Energy cooperatives were first created in the 1930s, to bring power to rural communities where investor-owned utilities could not operate profitably. Today, 73 co-ops provide electricity in communities throughout Texas.8 These electric cooperatives are private, nonprofit utilities owned and controlled by the members they serve.
River authorities are both electricity generators and wholesalers, often selling to co-ops, but do not sell power in a retail environment. Between 1929 and 1949, Texas formed four river authorities to manage water resources and produce electricity. The Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA), created in 1931, is by far the largest electricity producer among the authorities, with more than 3,600 megawatts of installed electrical capacity. 2 Data supplied by Grace Godines, Competitive Markets Division, Public Utility Commission of Texas, April 12, 2012. Solar power plays an important role in our energy supply, providing the clean energy that our customers want and value. We are working to expand the use of solar power in the most cost-effective way for customers. Read more about the economic benefits of large-scale solar in a study by The Brattle Group.We currently purchase solar energy under long-term agreements with project owners. Geronimo Energy's 100-megawatt Aurora Solar Project to be built across 20 locations in Minnesota. Have your home evaluated for leaky ducts, drafts around doors and windows, fireplace dampers, and other places where air might escape. This survey is conducted by an independent company MaritzCX, on behalf of the site you are visiting. User comments or postings reflect the opinions of the responsible contributor only, and do not reflect the viewpoint of the Sierra Club. Upon leaving town, the mileage sign indicates that it is 18 miles to the next populated place, Seagraves. Here, just east of downtown Brownfield, US 82 and US 380 continue their westward journeys into New Mexico, just a short jog down the road.
US 385 breaks away from US 62 here, finally, and resumes a northern trek through Colorado to meet its parent US 85, in the Black Hills of South Dakota.
A forest of FM signs here in the center of Meadow, along with one of the ubiquitous rural-America pregnancy hotline billboards. Advance signage for Loop 193 at Wolfforth, the loop is the old route of the US highway through the center of town. More signage for Loop 193 and advanced signage for the first exit along the bypass freeway, FM 179. A lone signalized intersection with Milwaukee Avenue remains between the Texas Spur 328 and Loop 289 interchanges.
This view looks northeastward near Quaker Avenue in west Lubbock at a temporary reassurance marker along the new frontage road. 19th St runs along the south side of Texas Tech University, and forms a major arterial weighing in at 10 lanes wide. UPDATE: Xcel Energy says all hands are on deck as they make their way to Clovis to restore power.

The PUC refers to these market areas by the names of the pre-existing utilities that were once their sole electricity providers — Oncor, AEP North, AEP Central, Centerpoint and Texas-New Mexico Power (Exhibit 1). Southwestern Public Service Company, for example, is an integrated utility serving the Panhandle and South Plains within the SPP.3 Austin Energy and City Public Service of San Antonio are vertically integrated MOUs within ERCOT. This is because economists and governments view transmission wires and poles as a natural monopoly, since it would not be economically efficient for multiple companies to duplicate transmission-line networks. This wholesale market is subject only to limited regulation by PUC, while FERC oversees wholesale markets in the non-ERCOT regions. Municipal utilities began in the 19th century as a way to bring power to cities that lacked investor-owned utilities. Federal legislation allowed people in sparsely populated areas to join together to borrow money at low-interest rates and build facilities to bring electricity to their homes and farms.
The Lower Colorado, Brazos, Sabine and Guadalupe-Blanco river authorities still operate today. LCRA does not sell electricity directly to retail customers but instead sells wholesale to more than 40 retail utilities, including MOUs and electric cooperatives that serve more than a million Texans in 55 counties. From large-scale solar farms to community solar gardens to rooftop panels — we support solar generation in all forms.At the end of 2015, we had more than 440 megawatts of solar capacity on our systems or enough clean solar generation to power about 105,000 average-size homes for a year. Large-scale solar projects currently provide energy at about half the cost of rooftop solar panels and can produce 50 percent more energy, panel-for-panel. Plus, they are built with sun tracking and other technology enhancements that can maximize the power of the sun. At the end of 2015, we had about 190 megawatts of large-scale solar on our systems—enough to power about 53,000 average-size homes for a year.
You have been selected to participate in a brief customer satisfaction survey to let us know how we can improve your experience. Neither the service provider nor the domain owner maintain any relationship with the advertisers. Eighty Navajos traveled four hours from their homes near the proposed plant, and 25 tribal elders met with Governor Richardson and his environmental policy advisor prior to the rally.
The town is the birthplace of country singer Tanya Tucker, and its where radio legend Randi Rhodes got her start. Here in West Texas, towns can be few and far between - and the landscape between them can be quite repetitive! Seagraves was the largest town in Gaines County until the 1950s, when Seminole surpassed it in population. The town has a very dead look to it, and is mostly used as a service area for the oil and agriculture industries in the area.
Abandoned farming and ginning equipment, as can be seen in the background of this photo, populates most of the towns in this region. The highway has a "kink" here as it is routed around an older, slab concrete, section of the old road and a farm. Cotton gins are big business here, and Terry County is one of the leaders in the state's cotton production. Most major fast food restaurants and big box retailers are available here in town, and are located on this stretch of road.
The author wishes very much to turn left here and follow it, but we'll stick to US 62 today.
At 60 miles in length, FM 211 is fairly long for a secondary state highway, and runs eastward all the way to Post and US 84. The road through here runs through cotton fields, and makes a brief pass through the corner of Hockley County. The bypass begins on the southwest side of town and is noted here for the first time with an advance sign for exits ahead. This freeway section is being extended all the way into Lubbock, and will eventually connect to IH 27 north of downtown. This area is ripe for spawl, however, and already a new SuperTarget and large new homes are being built along the road. 62 & 82 eastbound reassurance markers postead ahead of the three-ramp "Y" interchange with Texas Spur 327 east. Milwaukee Avenue spurs north to 50th Street west as sprawling businesses are already lining the north side frontage at U.S. Motorists wishing to enter Lubbock and the Marsha Sharp freeway can continue straight ahead onto the new flyover structure.
The entire interchange was the first portion of the new Marsha Sharp freeway to be constructed, and opened in late 2007.
Freeway construction is very evident along the route, and there is plenty of time to look at it as the lights along this road are notoriously long.

US 62 continues east along 19th St, while US 82 runs north to 4th St and along the new freeway alignment. With deregulation, independent power producers flourished as companies only in the business of generating and selling electricity. Municipal governments either set their own electric rates or approve the rates set by their utilities.
We continue to invest in large projects that provide solar energy at the lowest cost to customers and to offer a range of program options for customers who want more solar energy.
And in 2016, we will complete plans to add nearly three times this solar capacity, as we begin purchasing energy from seven new large-scale projects to be completed in locations throughout our service territory.
In case of trademark issues please contact the domain owner directly (contact information can be found in whois). Protestors made office visits to deliver more than 60 letters to state legislators and 76 letters to the governor. The Sierra Club accepts no obligation to review every posting, but reserves the right (but not the obligation) to delete postings that may be considered offensive, illegal or inappropriate. Originally called Blythe, it was renamed for a railroad official in 1918 after the railroad noted that it already had a station called Blythe, in California.
Terry County was named for a Confederate Colonel who commanded a Texas regiment (Terry's Texas Rangers) in the Civil War. Many sunny days and a good aquifer water source for irrigation mean that cotton grows extremely well out here. Despite the demographics, the town was not named for its population or for the color of the fields in the area, but for an early settler. The route never intersected with its parent, US 80, in favor of a connection with US 180 at Albany, Texas.
The town was among the first in the state to pass the half-cent sales tax hike to fund economic growth. They had the last name of Wolffarth, but the post office misspelled the name and it's stuck ever since.
When that failed to occur, and the routing of IH 27 south of Lubbock was moved eastward to US 87, the Loop designation remained stale until the bypass freeway was built in 1977.
While not a freeway, Spur 327 can be easily upgraded as it has two fully free-flowing interchanges on each end and a very wide median in the interim. Texas Spur 327 provides a direct route onto the outer loop of Texas Loop 289 to Interstate 27 & U.S. For more information on this site, please read our Privacy Policy, and Terms of Service, and Ad Choices. They do not have taxing authority, instead covering their operating expenses with revenues and fees generated by their energy, water and community services. Through our programs so far, we have helped more than 31,000 customers install solar panels and supported the development of 25 local, community solar-garden projects through the end of 2015.
In addition, we have proposed to construct and operate a 3.5 megawatt solar project on the property of our existing Wheaton Generating Station in Wheaton, Wis. Oil plays a huge part in the economy of Gaines County, between 1936 and 1991 over 1.6 billion barrels of oil were taken from wells here. The population of Seagraves reached its zenith of almost 4,000 people in the 1950s as the town became the "caged egg capital of the world", a title not so politically correct today!
Today US 380 does not connect to any x80 route, but still provides an important thoroughfare through West Texas. At one point in 1908, the post office in Meadow had the distinction of being the furthest from any railroad in the US. The town, as a suburb of Lubbock, is experiencing very fast growth and several large, new subdivisions have appeared on the north end of town.
If approved, construction would begin this summer on the 3.5 megawatt Wheaton Solar project that will be our first company-owned large-scale solar project.
While that industry is on the decline, energy still plays a huge part of the economy as wind power farms are popping up everywhere. Xcel Energy has reports of broken poles and cross arms all across the region, and have been called out to multiple locations where lines have been downed.
More >>Two men have been charged with offenses related to the Brussels bombings, and three others have been detained in Brussels in connection to the Paris attacks, Belgian authorities said Tuesday.More >>Opposition looks to stop Sen.

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