Hackers use to target subcontractors to hit big enterprises due the poor level of security they offer, in the energy sector this trend is very concerning.
Let’s follow the discussion on the hacking world and the way hackers impact business with their activities. Let’s try to ask ourselves how would work a hacker in order to hit a company or an organization. The numerous incidents daily occur teach us that one of the most common way to hack an organization is trying to exploit vulnerabilities within subcontractors networks and in the process that governs the partnership with target entity. Big enterprises and organizations in many cases have been attacked exploiting the privileges channel of subcontractors, often subcontractor systems have been vulnerable to the attack of hackers and the data of target companies were poorly defended.
The problem seems to be extended to virtually all industries, from energy to the defense, while big enterprises have adopted all the necessary countermeasures to mitigate cyber threats, the economic crisis and the erroneous perception of security as a cost has caused serious misconducts in the subcontractors.
Large companies and organizations are accused of having a lack of careful assessment of the level of security offered by subcontractors, the price is often the only parameter assessed during the acquisition of services and products from third parties.
According  experts at Alert logic the energy industry customers are targeted more often than those in any other industry, the number of cyber threats observed from Jan. Thirty-one percent of the threats were brute force attacks, in which hackers repeatedly attempt to crack passwords, the report said.
The ICS-CERT issued in July a Monitor report that revealed an intensification for brute force attacks against control systems mainly belonging to the energy sector. The ICS-CERT received notification for more than 200 cyber attacks against critical infrastructure operators between October 2012 and May 2013. According the ICS-CERT the victims were targeted by mostly by watering hole attacks, SQL injection, and spear phishing. The energy sector described in the report represents a meaningful example of how company cybersecurity policies, despite being very stringent of physical security, are deficient in the definition of requirements for cyber security of subcontractors.
Alert Logic revealed that in March that about two-thirds of its 54 energy industry clients experienced brute-force or malware attacks, an impact  higher than in other sector. The stolen credentials are used to access valuable information such as financial data or intellectual property. Booz Allen Hamilton executive Emile Trombetti reported for example that hackers used that tactic to send a message that appeared to be from his daughter during an attack, this is the proof that attackers have collected information about him. Security level offered by subcontractors is crucial for companies business, subcontractors are similar to the appendices of the target company and should be carefully evaluated the process they implement for data and infrastructure protection A good starting point is to assess compliance with the standards of clients and contractors and carefully consider the information flows between the parties.
Pierluigi Paganini is Chief Information Security Officer at Bit4Id, firm leader in identity management, member of the ENISA (European Union Agency for Network and Information Security)Treat Landscape Stakeholder Group, he is also a Security Evangelist, Security Analyst and Freelance Writer. Editor-in-Chief at "Cyber Defense Magazine", Pierluigi is a cyber security expert with over 20 years experience in the field, he is Certified Ethical Hacker at EC Council in London. Pierluigi is a member of the "The Hacker News" team and he is a writer for some major publications in the field such as Cyber War Zone, ICTTF, Infosec Island, Infosec Institute, The Hacker News Magazine and for many other Security magazines.
Pierluigi Paganini is Chief Information Security Officer at Bit4Id, firm leader in identity management, member of the ENISA (European Union Agency for Network and Information Security) Threat Landscape Stakeholder Group, he is also a Security Evangelist, Security Analyst and Freelance Writer. The Aegis Combat System (ACS), which is the center of the Arleigh Burke-class destroyers and Ticonderoga-class cruisers, relies on a separate sonar system to track undersea threats like mines, torpedoes, and submarines.
The complete integration of all these systems serves to enhance the capability of a ship to engage and defeat numerous multiwarfare threats simultaneously. The system's computer-based command and decision element is the core of the Aegis combat system.
After studying several shipboard applications, the decision was made to construct the first AEGIS ships based on the hull and machinery designs of Spruance class destroyers. The commissioning of USS Bunker Hill (CG 52) opened a new era in surface warfare as the first Aegis ship outfitted with the Vertical Launching System (VLS), allowing greater missile selection, firepower and survivability. Baseline 2 (CG 52-58) consists of the Vertical Launching System, TOMAHAWK Weapon System, and Anti-Submarine Warfare upgrades.

Baseline 6 Phase III is the designation for the computer suite resulting from consolidation of the previous Phase II baseline with variations designed to introduce Tactical Ballistic Missile Defense (TBMD) and Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC) in in-service ships. The Cruiser Modernization Baseline (CGM CR2) upgrades the computing infrastructure in a Technical Insertion (TI 08) and provides for computer program enhancements via Advanced Capability Build 08 (ACB 08) which will modernize CG 52-58 with new computing architecture and upgraded displays. The AEGIS Modernization Baseline (AMOD CR3) will modernize CG 59-73 and DDG 51-78 with a new computing architecture through technical insertion (TI 12), upgraded display consoles, computer program enhancements and introduce increased weapon capabilities into the AEGIS Combat System through Advanced Capability Build 12 (ACB 12).
On 08 May 1998 a new contract was signed, which with options is valued at $1.97 billion, for the definition, design, development, integration, testing, and delivery of advanced AEGIS Combat System computer program baselines. Additional funds were required to ensure the successful integration of Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC) into the AWS Baseline 6 Phase I, resolve battle group interoperability issues, and conduct additional operational and developmental testing for AWS Baseline 6, Phase III, and Baseline 7, Phase I.
The key to successful governance risk and compliance capabilities information security and risk management programs is an effective strategy. Equally disturbing is the trend to distance White Supremist terrorist groups from the ranks, labeling them as extremists instead.
However, since the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, one “lesson learned” most Americans would agree is– it is just not that simple. For instance, there are psychological, political, and ideological influences that determine how individuals perceive terrorism. In a letter dated March 29, 2011 to Secretaries Janet Napolitano and Eric Holder, Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee Chairman Joe Lieberman and Ranking Member Senator Susan Collins expressed concerns over the credentials of those providing counterterrorism training.
Although the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) released its own report two years ago warning of a possible rise in rightwing extremism, efforts to thwart such a threat have decreased.
Several reports evidence that sophisticated non-Islamic White Supremacist terrorists groups have continued.
On March 8, 2011, White Supremacist Kevin Harpham, was arrested for planting a backpack bomb at a Martin Luther King Jr. The message to Americans is not new, and counterterrorism instructors are indeed performing a dis-service if those in charge of protecting America are not trained to see the big picture. Menstrual marijuana relief introduced by NJ legislature via Whoopi GoldbergWomen of New Jersey might be able to obtain alternative relief for their menstrual discomfort soon, and it’s all thanks to Whoopi Goldberg. We discussed about the role of hackers for companies and their employment in cybercrime ecosystem. 1st to May 23th is nearly 9,000 and more that 50 percent of them is a malware-based attack. The passion for writing and a strong belief that security is founded on sharing and awareness led Pierluigi to find the security blog "Security Affairs" recently named a Top National Security Resource for US. Aegis was designed and developed as a complete system, integrating state-of-the-art radar and missile systems. The complete package can simultaneously follow land, air, and undersea threats and attacks. The AEGIS Modernization Baseline will include all enhancements identified for Cruiser Modernization and increase Underwater capabilities. The work will convert the earliest AEGIS ships - the cruiser class - to more current computer program baseline capabilities, and introducing Navy Area Wide and Theater Wide Tactical Ballistic Missile Defense upgrades to the fleet. Kennedy (CV-67), Hue City (CG-66), and USS Vicksburg (CG-69) received the production installation of CEC and conducted operational tests of the system.
This 1999 reprogramming provided for additional testing in the AWS software development process to ensure complete CEC integration, while maintaining the software program delivery schedule to support ongoing DDG-51 Class ship construction. Department of Homeland Security and other federal agencies consider terrorism or a terrorist group is a political game of Russian roulette. These and other interests influence lawmakers in Congress, in the form of homeland security grants.

Here is the official description for Max Spyware Threat Definition: Download the following file. The AEGIS Combat System is highly integrated and capable of simultaneous warfare on several fronts -- air, surface, subsurface, and strike. This interface makes the Aegis combat system capable of simultaneous operation against almost all kinds of threats. The enhancements will include Open Architected components, improve air dominance, gun weapon system capabilities, and force protection.
New Capabilities introduced into AEGIS for Destroyers (DDG 51-78) will include Multi-Mission Signal Processor (MMSP), Single Sensor Naval Integrated Fire Control - Common Air (NIFC-CA), Standard Missile - 6 (SM-6), and Ballistic Missile capability (BMD). This program provides for modifications to the AEGIS Weapon System MK-7 to counter the threat as articulated in ONI System Threat Assessment Report, ONI TA #046-93 dated May 1993 and subsequent updates. In 1999 Cooperative Engagement Capability provided the first at-sea developmental testing aboard the USS HUE CITY and USS VICKSBURG. The ships which will receive Baseline 6, Phase III, and Baseline 7, Phase I were part of the DDG-51 Multiyear Procurement contract and will introduce Tactical Ballistic Missile Defense capability into the Navy. Clearly there are opportunities for the production community to make some impact on their O& costs even if they appear trivial. The old adage, “One man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter” often still prevails. The Aegis system is being enhanced to act in a Theater Missile Defense role, to counter short- and medium-range ballistic missiles of the variety typically employed by rogue states. New capabilities introduced into the AEGIS Modernization Baseline for Cruiser (CG 59-73) will include Naval Integrated Fire Control - Common Air (NIFC-CA) and Standard Missile - 6 (SM-6) integration. The limited time and resources that were available at this time were devoted to developing the tactical baseline code that was viewed as the highest priority.
Some areas that can be targeted by the production community include repair parts, spares, and in-service engineering reductions. The broader and vaguer the definitions of terrorism are, the more federal grant funds they can get for their respective states and districts.
It supported OPEVAL of CEC in CGs 66 and 69 and was introduced in the DDG 51 class beginning with DDG 79. These baselines are essential for establishing a foundation for the rapid capability insertion. The significant interoperability problems identified during the Advanced Combat Direction System Block I operational evaluation and the introduction of the AEGIS Baseline 6 software program led to the removal of these two AEGIS cruisers from the deployment cycle and the re-baselining of the Cooperative Engagement Capability (CEC) and AEGIS programs. This process will allow rapid implementation of new capabilities into the fleet to counter threat gaps identified.
Required combat systems integration efforts have therefore expanded to include development of a Distributed Engineering Plant (DEP) that will network existing individual software development and testing sites to support shore-based testing of the interoperability of systems to be fielded in specific battle groups. The effort will now include interoperability certification that uses the DEP to prototype the combat systems combination of the specific battle group to assess and correct any interoperability problems before units come together for pre-deployment training. An additional $30 million is required in FY 1999 to execute the continuing engineering and development efforts for the DEP and data collection and prototyping efforts to correct identified battle group interoperability deficiencies.

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Rubric: Emergency Supply Kits


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