Please note that JavaScript and style sheet are used in this website, due to unadaptability of the style sheet with the browser used in your computer, pages may not look as original.Even in such a case, however, the contents can be used safely. NEC has solutions that cover the various sensors needed in gathering information on disasters and emergencies, such as surveillance cameras, water level gauges, rain gauges, and seismometers. Ready to use, information security policies with explanatory notes providing comprehensive coverage of disaster recovery. Questionnaires, checklists and analysis documents to take you through an existing plan, and all the composite contingency arrangements with a critical eye. This site is a part of India Online Network – India’s Largest Online network of 475 websites. Despite scientific warnings that climate change will impact tourism, the private sector in many cases still appears unprepared for an increase in extreme weather events, the consequences of which will impact on tourism’s productivity and community resilience. Tourism destinations in some global ‘hot spots’ are being challenged by the scale of powerful extreme weather events. Despite scientific warnings that climate change will impact tourism, the private sector in many cases still appears unprepared for an increase in extreme weather events as demonstrated by recent fires in Tasmania (lack of evacuation planning) and Cyclone Evan which hit Samoa (lack of advanced warnings and coordination).
It is argued here that impact from extreme climate events has made managing risk a prerequisite to business survival and a critical responsible tourism duty of care for visitors. While risk management may not be one of the most initially fascinating and stimulating aspects of tourism, it is increasingly vital for resilience and responsible care of visitors. Risk management is defined by UNEP as “the probability of harmful consequences, or expected losses (deaths, injuries, property, livelihoods, economic activity disrupted or environment damaged) resulting from interactions between natural or human induced hazards and vulnerable conditions,”1 It is a very broad subject. From my research there are many barriers and different contexts which prevent tourism providers taking care of their business, their guests and importantly, their destination.
In most cases lack of action by tourism providers is accepted because the majority of tourism complies with a similar level of denial.
During the preparation phase, authorities use communication networks to deploy first response units to likely disaster areas.
Disaster kits should include whatever a person needs to survive on their own for several days. Disaster management teams help people to clean up their community following severe weather.
Disaster management is a process or strategy that is implemented before, during or after any type of catastrophic event takes place. There are four essential parts to disaster management: prevention, preparation, relief and recovery. One of the keys to disaster management is defining the types of catastrophes that could possibly disrupt the day-to-day operation of a business, city, region or country. Governments and businesses need to continue functioning during emergency situations, so disaster management plans are often multi-layered to account for as many potential scenarios as possible. As part of the crisis management component of a disaster plan, it is not unusual for some type of disaster kits to be created. The article said that governments and businesses have disaster management plans; I would like to add individuals should also have some sort of disaster management plan. In particular, cities that are located in seismically active regions are vulnerable to earthquakes and volcanoes, while others are vulnerable to hurricanes, typhoons, floods, or tsunamis. All these data can be fed to a command centre that is able to acquire and process the data in a timely fashion.

It is not that natural disasters keep on happening often but Kullu being located in high seismic zone has more risks of landslides and flash floods.
Our contributing writer for this special feature is Christopher Warren, Director of the International Centre for Responsible Tourism – Australia, who provides insights into the barriers and challenges to Risk Management and Preparedness, and recommends motivation strategies to incentivise action.
Regions like the Caribbean, South Pacific and Australia have historically faced hurricanes, cyclones, flooding and bush fires; these events are not new. The consequences of a lack of preparedness and protection will impact on tourism’s productivity and community resilience. And that to encourage tourism providers to take action we need to apply parallel motivations which deliver better prevention and preparedness.
The very fact that the subject has such a low level of motivation is in itself a key to the wider problems we face in regards to acceptance and action on climate change.
To be of value this article focuses on extreme weather events, because they appear to be a growing concern, and offers positive recommendations.
As an example, Table 1 highlights the Barriers and Contexts facing tourism providers in Australia, a country which accepts that bush fires are a natural phenomenon, which might constitute why tourism providers take the psychological position of denial to justify inaction. Lack of action and involvement by local tourism organisations only helps to make the situation ‘normal’ and so socially acceptable. Not all catastrophes can be prevented, but many types can be avoided, and the effects of others can be mitigated. Among the many types of events that might occur are natural disasters such as floods, hurricanes, tornadoes and earthquakes as well as those such as fires, bombings, mass failures of public utilities and the rapid spread of disease.
A typical disaster plan for a local or regional government is likely to address such matters as evacuating people from the affected region, arranging temporary housing, distributing food and providing medical care. Many disasters can cause communication networks to fail, so a competent plan will include the quick setup of alternative communication capabilities that do not rely on the switches, towers and hubs that are usually part of telephone and cellular communication networks. Therefore, emergency and disaster management, which consist both of pre-emergency and post-emergency measures, are important components of maintaining safety and security.
If an evacuation is needed, an announcement utilizing different communication channels can be made from the command centre, involving different agencies, such as police, fire brigade, the army, hospitals, and the like to save people’s lives. The district authority has taken initiative to draft a foolproof plan for Disaster Management in Kullu District. However, the scale and frequency of recent extreme weather events is a direct result of climate change, according to the Climate Commission, which suggests that original predictions of weather changes may have been conservative. On a wider scale this will also put pressure on UNWTO’s expectations that tourism will make a positive contribution to achieving the Millennium Development Goals, as explained below. Preparation might include long-term plans for readiness as well as processes that can be done quickly when a disaster seems imminent, such as when a hurricane is expected to make landfall soon.
Identifying those potential disasters makes it possible to create contingency plans, assemble supplies and create procedures that can be initiated if and when a particular disaster happens.
By making use of short-wave transmissions that are supported by satellite technology, for example, communication can continue to flow from the area affected by the disaster. This coordinated response requires inter-agency collaboration between different parts of government. Kullu District Management Authority is the prime organization responsible for handling disasters at the district level. NEC has a suite of solutions that facilitate such collaboration, enabling governments to swing quickly into the recovery stage following a disaster.

Recovery includes repairing, rebuilding, restoring or replacing whatever was damaged, injured or lost because of the disaster.
DDMA of Kullu works under the guidelines of National Disaster Management Authority.Various teams of Kullu District work in coordination with each other to combat any kind of disaster at any point of time. To involve civilians in disaster management and to make them aware about the same, DDMA has plans to recruit volunteers from various Gram Panchayat areas who will work hand in hand with the district authorities in combating disasters in Kullu. Role of Government in Disaster Management During disaster different types of communication media play a very important role in faster management of disaster. Media helps in the interaction between the people involved in relief operation including government authorities, individuals and NGOs. Communication media also helps in combating any kind of rumors during disasters and help in communication with the masses. Communication media plays a great role in providing right information to the right people at the right moment. Then reconstruction and rehabilitation process will continue which may take about 6 months to 3 years.
One major area that DDMA is looking into is restriction in construction of buildings or structures.
Reconsideration of building construction guide, strict punishment when standards are not complied with and earthquake-resistant buildings will help in reducing loss of life and property when earthquake happens. Plans are there to build up earthquake resistant communication system, electricity supply and water supply. For FloodsTo combat floods construction of dams, floodwall, reservoirs, and improvement of drainage system etc are considered in the DDMP to combat sudden floods or cloud bursts. Within a short time after the disaster, government will work towards restoration of rail tracks, roads, and postal communication. Supply of water will be normalized and immediate repair of power, drainage and telephone line will be ensured. People and cattle have to taken to safe places (much higher places) and will be provided with basic needs like shelter, food, water and medicine. Long term planning and measures to ensure that proper land usage in terms of agricultural method, patterns of settlement etc. DDMA Kullu has planned to look into following areas like drainage system improvement, proper land usage, reforestation, educating the local people, preserving the slopes, strict building construction laws, measures to minimize soil erosion, installing of warning and monitoring system.
For Forest FireForest Fires occur seasonally and proper preparedness and mitigations for the same are included in DDMP. Proper training to the fire fighters and usage to ultra modern instruments will reduce the damage. Educating the locals and enforcement of strict laws are important in case of fighting forest fire. Use of agricultural practices like cleaning, weeding and removal of dry leaves would be helpful. Construction of fire barriers will prevent the fire from spreading from one area to the other.

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Rubric: Emergency Supply Kits


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