The Odessa Museum of Western and Eastern Artthe Alexander Pushkin's Museumthe Odessa Archeological MuseumOdessa Numismatics Museum Odessa Art Museum.the Odessa Opera and Ballet Theater is considered to be one of the most beautiful theatre in the world. Odessa is a popular tourist destination, with many therapeutic resorts in and around the city. In the beginning of the 20th century it was the biggest city of Ukraine and had a special independent jurisdiction.
Mechnikov' National Universitythe 1921-inaugurated Odessa National Economic Universitythe Odessa National Medical University (founded 1900)the 1918-founded Odessa National Polytechnic Universitythe Odessa National Maritime University (established 1930).The South Ukrainian National Pedagogical UniversityIn addition to these universities, Odessa is also home to a large number of private educational institutes and academies which offer highly specified courses in a range of different subjectsthe Odessa Law Academythe National Academy of Telecommunicationsthe Odessa National Maritime Academy. The city's Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy is one of the world's leading ophthalmology clinics.
The city is a major seaport and transportation hub located on the northwestern shore of the Black Sea.


Odessa is also an administrative center of the Odessa Oblast and major cultural center of multi-ethnic population. Its alternative Russian name is the Southern Palmira.The city of Odessa was founded by a decree of the Empress Catherine the Great in 1794. During the Soviet period it was the most important port of trade in the Soviet Union and a Soviet naval base. On 1 January 2000 the Quarantine Pier of Odessa trade sea port was declared a free port and free economic zone for a term of 25 years.Odessa is a warm water port. The city of Odessa hosts two important ports: Port of Odessa itself and Port Yuzhne (also an internationally important oil terminal), situated in the city's suburbs. Another important port, Illichivsk, is located in the same oblast, to the south-west of Odessa.


Odessa's oil and chemical processing facilities are connected to Russia's and EU's respective networks by strategic pipelines.There are a number of public parks and gardens in Odessa, amongst these are the Preobrazhensky, Gorky and Victory parks, the latter of which is an arboretum. Additionally, the city is home to a university botanical garden, which recently celebrated its 200th anniversary, and a number of other smaller gardens. Odessa's largest park, Shevchenko Park (previously Alexander Park), was founded in 1875, during a visit to the city by Emperor Alexander II. The park covers an area of around 700 by 900 metres and is located near the centre of the city, on the side closest to the sea.



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