The European Recovery Program, commonly known as Marshall Plan, is usually remembered for the economic support provided by the United States for the rehabilitation of European countries ravaged by the Second World War. Published in 1995, Klaus Schwabe examines the traditional view of the Marshall Plan in his work Der Marshall-Plan und Europa. The Marshall Plan was also offered to those countries of Eastern Europe that were under Soviet influence, including the Soviet Union itself. Recapping Schwabe’s examination of the Marshall Plan and its implications on the Cold War, we get the picture of a defensive program arranged by the United States. The second work, published in 2005, takes a more modern approach to the subject partly due to the wider scope of available sources since 1995.
The Soviet foreign minister, Vyacheslav Molotov, arrived at the Conference of Foreign Ministers with about 100 advisors and, according to recent sources, the Soviet Union and Joseph Stalin were far more open to negotiation than previously assumed.
This notion of an approachable Soviet Union is based on the publication Inside the Kremlin’s Cold War (1996) by Vladislav Zubok and Constantine Pleshakov.
William Cromwell, in Cox and Kennedy-Pipe’s paper, believes that the European Recovery Program could have helped bridged the gap between West and East, but the means to achieve this were instead used to further ignite the Cold War. Consequently, the Marshall Plan can be seen either as a defensive reaction or an indirect offensive action against communism. Read more about the Cold War in The Cold War: History In An Hour published by Harper Press and available in various digital formats and audio.
A slew of bands that emerged in decades well past are still going strong and continue to tour. 21 Kasym 1945'te genelkurmay ba?kanly?yndan ayrylmasyndan birkac gun sonra, Ba?kan Harry Truman, Marshall'y ozel temsilcisi olarak Cin Yc Sava?y'nda arabuluculuk yapmaya ikna etti. 1950'de 70 ya?yndayken Ba?kan Truman'yn Kore Sava?y sebebiyle yapty?y ca?ryyy kabul ederek Savunma Bakany oldu.
But the US was motivated by more than just economics and today a far more important role is accredited to the Marshall Plan.
This led not only to tensions with the Soviet Union, but also to disagreements between the Western Powers. The US never expected any kind of cooperation from the Soviet Union and sure enough, at the Conference of Foreign Ministers in Paris in 1947, the Soviet Union turned the offer down. Most important was the rehabilitation of Germany, the consolidation of the European economy and the preservation of the balance of power. Economic and political unification and protection against communism were the main objectives.
Though the European Recovery Program was offered to the Soviet Union, the Western Powers sought to make sure that the Soviet Union would never accept it.


From this perspective, the Marshall Plan shines in a different light and actually poses a threat to communist countries. A different approach might have possibly changed the outcome for the countries of Eastern Europe. From a modern perspective, it is unjustifiable to treat the Marshall Plan as a mere economic aid for the rehabilitation of Europe. Bu giri?iminde ba?aryly olamamasyna kar?yn Ocak 1947'de dy?i?leri bakanly?yna getirilen Marshall, ayny yyl haziranda kendi adyyla anylan ve sava? syrasynda buyuk yykyma u?rayan Avrupa'nyn yeniden in?asyny amaclayan Avrupa Kalkynma Plany'ny acyklady. 1951'de savunma bakanly?y gorevinden ayryldyktan sonra hukumete askeri konularda dany?manlyk yapty. By way of example, Andreas Enderlin points to two influential works dealing with the Marshall Plan and its implications for the Cold War. In general, the Western Powers pursued the concept of persuading as many countries as possible into the new assembly of states of Western Europe.
Politically, it was a clever move by the US, because it seemed as if the Soviet Union had excluded itself from the European Recovery Program by its own doing.
Rethinking the Marshall Plan depicts the actions of the US not as defensive but rather as an indirect offensive advancement against the spread of communism. One example is the demand that all participating countries had to detach themselves from all communist influence. The European Recovery Program became an ideological, offensive tool of the West against the communist East. The question that remains is: would the Cold War have taken a different turn, perhaps a less antagonistic way, if the doors for Moscow into the European Recovery Program had stayed open a little bit longer? ShevardnadzeSecretary of State George Shultz (R) shakes hands with Soviet Foreign Minister Eduard Shevardnadze after they signed an agreement to limit the chances for accidental nuclear war in a Rose Garden ceremony.
Kazablanka, Washington, Quebec, Kahire ve Tahran konferanslaryna ABD kurmay ba?kanlarynyn ba?temsilcisi olarak katyldy. Ayryca ba?langycta plan kapsamyna alynmayan Yunanistan ve Turkiye'ye yardym sa?lanmasynda etkili oldu. ShultzThailand Foreign Minister Siddhi and Secretary of State Shultz prepare to sign an agreement as President Reagan and Prime Minister Prem Tinsulanonda (to Reagan's right) look on during the rose garden ceremony. The publications were published in 1995 and 2005, the ten-year gap alone promising two differential points of view on the motives that lay behind the Marshall Plan. However, the future Secretary of State, John Foster Dulles, realized, along with others, that the Soviet Union would render a united Europe impossible.
The Marshall Plan was to act as a connecting element, and also bind the countries to the West.


The remaining countries under Soviet influence of Eastern Europe were pressed into turning down the Marshall Plan as well.
Bu konferanslarda Yngilizlerin Akdeniz stratejisi olarak bilinen planyny benimsemeyerek, Muttefiklerin Alman guclerine kar?y Man? Denizi uzerinden bir saldyry duzenlemeleri gerekti?ini ileri surdu. Ysrail Devleti'nin tanynmasy ve Kuzey Atlantik Antla?masy Te?kilaty'nyn (NATO) kurulmasyna ili?kin goru?melerin ba?latylmasy icin caba gosterdi.
Dunya Sava?y'ndan sonra Avrupa'nyn iktisadi kalkynmasyna ve dunya bary?yna yapty?y katkylardan dolayy Nobel Bary? Odulu aldy. With the blockade of Berlin by Soviet forces during the summer of 1948, the military protection of the West became the primary goal of the US. Zubok and Pleshakov support their notion by the fact that Western Europe was already receiving economic support before the Marshall Plan.
Daha sonra dy?i?leri (1947-1949) ve savunma bakany (1950-1951) olarak hukumette gorev almy?tyr. In September 1948, the Western Union Defence Organization came into existence, and 1949 saw the founding of NATO (the North Atlantic Treaty Organization). Stalin’s Cold War policy could therefore be seen as a reaction against the European Recovery Program. But it is for the Marshall Plan, the $13-billion postwar European reconstruction program, that he is probably best known today. Turkiye'nin ekonomik kalkynmasyny ba?latan Marshall Plany olarak bilinen Avrupa Kalkynma Programy'nyn yaratycysydyr. Furthermore, the Molotov Plan (the Soviet Union’s own version of the Marshall Plan) and the hardening grip on the countries of Eastern Europe could be seen as a reaction.
He was awarded the 1953 Nobel Peace Prize for his part in the effort that many believe prevented mass starvation on the continent. Secretary of State Henry Kissinger (L) testify before the Senate Armed Services Committee January 29, 2015 in Washington, DC.
The committee heard testimony from Kissinger, Schultz and Albright on the topic of global challenges and U.S. UNSPECIFIED - circa 1980: American Republican politician George Shultz at a meeting of NATO in 1980.



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