From the author of Me and Earl and the Dying Girl comes a novel about music, love, friendship, and freedom. Packed with motivating profiles, anecdotes, and key ideas for strategizing, Secrets of the Young & Successful provides readers with an express ticket for anyone seeking an edge in getting ahead and staying there. Jennifer Kushell is President of Young & Successful Media Corp., and has consulted to companies including SUBWAY, Business Week, and MTV. Read an ExcerptChapter 11: The House on the HillImagine you're reading one of those magazines that profile celebrities, business leaders, or politicians. The United States works closely with Ethiopia on signature Administration initiatives including Feed the Future and the African Peacekeeping Rapid Response Partnership. After reading my recent articles, a colleague thought that writing about the leadership gaps and accusing of our culture as the root cause for our major troubles at this very critical moment is a distraction from the main thing. Thus, we should discontinue our insanity, self-examine, evaluate our past, learn some lessons, drop those things that haven’t delivered, and come up with new ones that could bring lasting transformation. It shouldn’t be our destiny to continue fighting one tyrannical government after another throughout our life. That is why, as much as the political front is important and urgent, so is working on our culture and leadership capacity building.
In the terrible history of famines in the world, no substantial famine has everoccurred in any independent democratic country with a relatively free press (Amartya Sen, 1999). The assumptions, the nature and possible challenges of good governance may be better appreciated considering the Lijphart’s paradigm of consensus democracy. To alleviate the “tyranny of the majority” in a democratic set up and to avoid the likelihood of turmoil due to deep linguistic, religious, and ethnic ruptures in the future, Lijphart suggests that nations need to emphasize and practice a consensus democratization process to create a manageable self-rule of communal constituents, so that all citizens fully enjoy equal partnership in the system (Howe, Philp J, 2015; Clark. In short, as summarized by Lijphart, consensus democracies are composed of “kinder and gentler” units because they are likely to 1) be composed of welfare units, 2) be environmentally sensitive, 3) incarcerate fewer people, 4) eschew the death penalty, 5) elect more women, 6) reduce economic disparity, 7) have higher electoral turnout, 8) select leaders with opinions that correspond more closely with those of the citizens, 9) enhance accountability, and 10) minimize corruption, etc ( 1999). Relevant to the federal systems of governments are the attributes of the consensus democracy system that include the existence of reciprocal relationships between central and local governments. In light of the experience of Switzerland (cantons) and India (states), the advocates of consensus democratic self-rule argue that a federal system is only viable and manageable if the existing emotionally charged ethnic group feelings are further sub-divided into manageable geographic regions. In theory, Lijphart’s idea that political decisions of democratic regimes need to be taken through procedures for creating or verifying consensus seems to be convincing and is enjoying widespread support in a number of European countries. As stated by Wiredu (2000), compared to the Westminster majoritarian rule that is based on consent without consensus, theAfrican Non-Party Consensual Democratic system relies on consent and is subject to the control of the people as expressed through their representatives. More specifically, non-party polity featuring traditional African politics could be a viable alternative to ease political tensions and divisions that have torn the African continent for many years. As stated above, the African consensual polity assumes that traditional African polity was harmonious, and the conditions of traditional African political life were handled, by and large, by homogenous councils that were made of clans or lineages from the same group. Actually, reversing this line of thinking, Wiredu (2005) warns us not to be nostalgic by imagining that the ground is now fertile for the breeding of a non-party system of governance. It might seem, therefore, that neither in the past nor in the present nor in the foreseeable future can consensus be seen to have been, or to promote, a realistic basis for politics in any African State that is a composite of distinct ethnic units. Following Wiredu’s suggestion that instead of relying on borrowed liberal democratic principles that are based on the principle of majoritarian rule, and being cognizant not whole-heartedly to revisit the non-party consensual democracy that existed in traditional Africa in its entirety for the current period, the most viable option for the salvation of contemporary Ethiopia from its political challenges rests on establishing a multi-party consensus democratic political system.
Citizens in stable democracies possess a relatively common set of understanding about the appropriate boundaries of government, the sanctity of political rights, and the duties of citizens to preserve them. In a way, non-party consensus reminds us of the nominal elections that used to occur under autocratic feudal rule and the Derg’s inhuman era. As some type of constitutional engineering for devolution occurred in contemporary Ethiopia in 2001, in name, it encouraged local units to have a say in selecting their own rulers which contributed to political stability. To minimize the social unrest that is crippling the country and to ensure the exercise of political rights and freedoms for a genuine consensus democratic system, the Ethiopian Federal polity needs to start democratic institution-building and then encourage active participation by the woredas citizens, involving them in discussions eventually to lead to the transition of multi-party democratic consensus federalism. Therefore, it needs to be stressed once again that a multi-party autonomous consensus type of democracy is worthy of entertaining in contemporary Ethiopia because it excludes the possibility that the majority will impose its views on the minorities. It was enacted in 2001 in the Ethiopian constitution that the local administration in Ethiopia be autonomous and that each woreda be given nominal self-rule.
Since the inhuman and authoritarian Derg was routed from power in1991, Ethiopia has shown a dramatic transformation in its economy. In tandem with economic growth, Ethiopia has been facing massive social unrest, corruption, unaccountability, and because the governance style is heavy handed, it has undermined the country’s economic growth that has been recorded for the last two decades.
Despite of these challenges, and given Ethiopia’s resilience, there is no doubt that Ethiopia’s economic growth will recover from these shocks provided the existing political structure is carefully revised to adapt to current needs. Nevertheless, since they live in a dynamic environment now, the Ethiopian people are constantly demanding the exercise of genuine self-rule, as epitomized in the Ethiopian constitution. As operating now, this new type of strategy will not undermine the existing ethnic demarcation. In short, in line with the current demands arising in Ethiopia, it is time that the form of multi-party consensus democratic self-rule federalism must be allowed to emerge.
In order to implement self-rule in the Ethiopian woredas, therefore, it would be a genuine option for Ethiopia to follow and strictly implement multi-party (actors) grassroots types of autonomous democratic federal system, whereby decisions are based on consensus– without alienating minority groups or those who disagree.
Following my presentation entitled “Bridging The Leadership Gap: For smooth transition and successful post conflict Ethiopia” on March 26, 2016 at Georgetown Marriott Hotel in Washington DC, some audience members chatted with me afterwards, and gave me some feedbacks.
Once you have the context, please note that this past Saturday, I specifically talked about bridging the leadership gap that hasn’t allowed us to topple dictatorship. Some people think that the problem we’ve had is the lack of committed, patriotic, and active followers.
Unfortunately, many of our leaders, like the general public, are blind loyal to our culture.
I had the same challenge following my presentation on March 20 2016 at Resident Inn Marriott Hotel in DC.
Last but not least, we- the public- should also take some responsibilities for creating the leadership gap.
Most Ethiopians agree that a pragmatic solution to the existing political impasse is important to prevent disintegration.
The jobs that dictators are championed to do better, the democratic governance had done the same jobs best.
Most of all, TPLF had set the condition for breakdown of Ethiopia by enforced ethnic administrative systems and encouraged toxic ethnic relationship. What Ethiopians need is freedom to revive societal spirit and morale integrity, which are going down to the drain.
When people propose dictatorship over democracy, clear thinking is needed because of the dangers and negative societal traits described above involved. As advocated by neo-liberal entities, the agenda of good governance is grounded on democratic principles that create on-going interaction processes that are supposed to solidify, governmental structures, functions and practices of the state and its people.
Given that the democratization process and the components of good governance are central to the achievement of development goals for the twenty-first century (Punyaratabandhu, 2004), it is either naivete or arrogance not to defend the concept of good governance.
A review of the literature indicates that protagonists strongly claim that the agenda of good governance has worthy goals not only in itself but also as a means through which it would enable economic growth and development in less developed countries. Based on theoretical arguments, opponents of good governance critically argue that the underlying theoretical basis of good governance is based on Western social order. Interestingly enough, even the USAID (2013) that asserts good governance is the cardinal underlying basis for development, claims that development goals of a number of developing countries are undermined by the corrosive impact of corruption. From a methodological standpoint, the opponents of good governance argue that the concept of good governance is not applicable to sustainable development because its indicators are formulated in such away to make that the recipients willingly or unwillingly subscribe to the donors’ normative or value judgments. Based on the assumption that aid donors generally create long lasting dependence of the borrowing countries, the opponents of good governance argue that when developing countries borrow or receive assistance from aid-giving agencies, they are given no choice but to follow the lead of the neo-liberal Washington Consensus Model (Adetula, 2011). The purpose of this case study is to show that since the agenda of good governance is designed as ‘one size fits all,’ it is not contextualor compatible with Ethiopia’s cultural realities. Following the examples of Taiwan and South Korea’s strategy of mapping industrial policy, Ethiopia established the ground work necessary for a developmental state with a government planning policy, or designating the intervention of the government in designing the country’s economic system. In 2001, the EPRDF further embarked on the devolution of powers and responsibilities of the woreda, or lower level of administration. A cursory look at the state affairs now clearly indicates that Ethiopian politicians and bureaucrats seem to be ‘playing with the rules rather than playing by the rules.’As a result, more recently, a number of regional governments in Ethiopia have been stepping up the assessment of their management strategies. Over the years, a number of donor institutions and countries have conceptualized “good governance” as a catchy phrase designed to achieve their own goals and at the same time, improve the quality of the recipient countries. For example, after having studied the economic and political crisis in Sub-Saharan African countries in 1989, the World Bank suggested that the conditions of good governance need to be established for bestowing assistance to African countries. In general, instead of identifying and mapping out where the aid recipient country is currently now and where it is going, the good governance indices and assessments tools are designed to closely indicate the interest of the aid donor agencies.
In short, since the good governance indicators are not derived from a theoretical framework, the indicators don’t systematically demonstrate that the underlying processes, mechanisms, institutions, and the end state of a nation, suggest an appropriate time frame over which the agenda of good governance needs to be evaluated. As said by Grindle (2010), maybe good governance is as important as many other good ideas but it is not a magic bullet.
Realizing the limited resources that developing countries have, a branch of the United Nations, the United Nation Development Programs (UNDP) focuses on differentiating between objective indicators, such as economic performance, and the subjective indicators that reflect respondent opinions and perceptions (Punyaratabandhu, 2004). Based on their specialty, the African Development Bank (ADB), the Asian Development Bank, (ADB), and Inter-American Bank (IAB) stress accountability, transparency, combating corruption, achieving social policy for equity, assistance for infrastructure, economic development, and the manner in which a country exercises the management and implementation of a just, legal and judicial framework, to bestow the necessary financial aid. As argued by Parthasarathy (2005), rather than dismissing non-Western cultures as anti-democratic and not suitable for good governance, by hiding their beliefs it seems that the aid donor entities have been engaged to work with existing institutions, practicing to promote development, and enhancing choice and freedom for individuals and groups. More specifically, when giving assistance to Ethiopia, the donor entities should have known in advance that the political culture of the Ethiopian people is by and large based on communal orientation.
Therefore, if Ethiopia is to accept Western assistance, it needs to examine critically the Western capitalist economic theories, because they were developed for a different social order. The leaders of the Ghanaian revolution were wise when they decided to setup a formidable coalition called Alliance For Change (AFC) in 1995 to lead the movement.
On the other hand, Occupy Wall Street (OWS) could be considered as one of the latest unsuccessful revolutions. It may be too early to make any conclusion concerning the ongoing movements that are currently challenging TPLF: The Muslim communities demand for religious autonomy, the Oromo people’s revolt against TPLF’s rule, and other revolts in Somali, Amhara, and Southern regions that are going on right now. Enabling JavaScript in your browser will allow you to experience all the features of our site.
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Senator Ben Cardin (D-Md.), Ranking Member of the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, introduced a resolution with 11 other Senators today condemning the lethal violence used by the government of Ethiopia against protestors, journalists, and others in civil society for exercising their rights under Ethiopia’s constitution.
It also provides funding for Ethiopia’s participation in the African Union Mission in Somalia. It is critical that the government of Ethiopia respect fundamental human rights if it is to meet those challenges,” Cardin added.
Once it took power, it has been using state machineries such as the police, military, security apparatuses, economy, media, and the education system to maintain its dominance at every front. Many patriotic Ethiopians in the Diaspora have done their best to contribute their share in bringing democracy in Ethiopia since the late 60’s.
Abraham Lincoln said, “Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the axe.” Bridging the leadership gaps, reforming our culture, and other background works are like sharpening the axe, and are critical to chop down the bad tree- TPLF, and some elements in our culture that allow tyrants to flourish. Over the years, the British system of government, a majoritarian democracy or the Westminster type of governance, has been criticized because it is constitutionally biased toward quick decision-making and its actions are based on a democratically elected majority in the government.
But, due to the absence of Westminster-like rules and norms, it is one of Europe’s most stable and flourishing democracies because it abides within the procedural consensus decision system. For example, through the transfer of authority, responsibility, and accountability from the central to local governments, the consensus democratic political decentralization system extends the democratic processes to lower levels of government (Barnett , C. Nonetheless,empirical studies that were conducted by Lijphart (1999) himself seem to indicate that consensus democracies are not superior to majority democracies in managing the economy and in maintaining civil peace.
In other words, compared to the multi-party system imposed by the West, Africa’s traditional system of government is relatively better as a form of governance because it is based on consensual democracy, arrived at through negotiation.
Given this premise, it was assumed that the conditions of traditional political life would remain static and less complicated than those of the present. On the contrary, so it might appear, the more pluralistic approach of a multi-party system, provided it incorporates reasonable safeguards against tyranny of majority, offers the more practical option. If there is no consensus within society, there can be little potentiality for peaceful resolution of political differences that is associated with the democratic process (Almond and Verba, 1963). Therefore, to advocate the applicability of a non-party system of governance to current federal Ethiopia that subscribes to some elements of democracy, seems to be irrelevant and is likely to be unacceptable to the Ethiopian population because of the inhuman atrocities of those eras.
Also, it empowered local residents to select leaders that would be held accountable for their decisions. That is, organized into three political levels, Federal, woreda, and neighborhood, each woreda should have the right to autonomy and be allowed to maximize its political self-determination, as stated in Ethiopia’s Federal Constitution.
Functioning in an integrated plural society, it provides a system of checks and balances between ethnic, regional and national levels, and ultimately reduces the fears of minorities.
However, a cursory look indicates that the local people living in the Ethiopian woredas have rarely been allowed to participate in political and social decision-making processes through their representatives. Based on rapid public infrastructure investment as the key structural drive of growth, the World Bank (2015) indicates that Ethiopia has decreased poverty levels from 60% to 29%. This demand needs to be appreciated because the demand of the Ethiopian people is in line with their fundamental human rights.
The federated state of Ethiopia could be divided into equally-sized autonomous woreda units to ensure equity.
It is assumed that if Ethiopia is to move gradually from the creation of formal democratic structures (the ‘minimalist’ approach) to the establishment of a broad-based democratic culture (‘maximalist’ approach), it needs to envision an autonomous self-rule type of governance to assure democracy, with a stable form of management, promoting harmonious relationships among ethnic and religious factions in the Ethiopian political space. While many of them recognized the gap and glad that it was discussed at this conference, some of them challenged whether the elephant in the room is a leadership gap after all. If you’re interested, you may consider reading my recent article entitled “Leadership Gap: The main reason why we keep failing to topple dictatorship” that briefly pointed out how our past and contemporary struggles to remove dictatorship and usher our country to a bright future- where there’ll be peace, stability, freedom, democracy, and the rule of law- have been sabotaged because of leadership gap.
Of course, as in the case of all other cultures, there are great cultural attributes and some cultural values we must eradicate if our desire is to make lasting and enduring change. The theme of my presentation was “The Necessity of Women’s Role in Leadership Positions in Ethiopia”. The 19th C philosopher Alexis de Tocqueville said, “The people get the government they deserve.” Do we deserve the leaders we have had? Perhaps societal spirits soared temporarily because of the short-lived resistance of the near past of “kinijit”.
As the a key driver to economic growth to alleviate poverty in developing countries, the interaction process of good governance embeds core guidelines that include, the rule of law, citizen participation, transparency, accountability, and elimination of corruption.
On the other hand, it is wishful thinking to accept good governance as a guide for all developing countries because it is based on abstract concepts beyond the capability of some developing countries for them to create a better public life.
To further assure self-rule and ascertain confidence in the nation and in the people of Ethiopia, each regional state was assured the unconditional right to self-determination, including the right to secession. To curtail some of the mal-administrative practices riddled with dramatically flourishing corruption for instance, the Tigraye Regional States summoned a regional conference towards the end of 2015 to assess the serious administrative challenges and systematically evaluate the implementation of the agendas for good governance. For example, the United Nations strongly argues that good governance deepens democracy in a fragmented world and assumes that good governance eradicates poverty and promotes development. The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) uses five indicators that pertain to good governance, and also forwards goals that need to be accomplished in the future. The donor institutions generally assume that promoting good governance in developing countries is the primary focus of their agendas (Gisselquist, 2012). Just by ascertaining the fulfillment of political conditionality, the donor agencies have been busy donating funds and capital to the recipient countries.
Ethiopian policy makers need to modify the ‘one size fits all’ in order to adapt and use only the most relevant aspects for Ethiopian culture and its way of living.
Courageous Africans removed dictators from Benin, Zambia, and Ghana in the 90’s and early 2000.
By all accounts, OWS met the most important criteria of a successful people based movement.
Like other successful people-based movements, some of these movements have thousands of committed, courageous, and passionate followers. They're dressed to impress, laughing, snacking on hors d'oeuvres, shaking hands, and having a great time.
It invests hundreds of millions of dollars per year toward lobbying so as to silence international pressures. Some of them sacrificed so many things toward this cause and died without witnessing the realization of their dream.
The present-day matured democracies inherited a stable culture that doesn’t entertain dictatorship because they had configured their culture by adopting the right constitution and designing a governing system that has checks and balances at various levels. After TPLF, we should make sure that another generation wouldn’t go to the jungle to bring regime change, migrate to save their lives, and pursue their freedom somewhere on foreign lands. Similarly, like the Netherlands, “the European Commission follows the simplest decision procedures of all, namely if no consensus is reached no decision is taken” (Bormann, 2010). Also it is possible that a single-party government placed by consensus may not pass a requisite reform because in a one-party system there is no conflict of parties and it may not take tough decisions that might disrupt its comfortable control of power (Shah, 2013).
As it existed in the Ashanti government in Ghana, though it didn’t last long, the residents of Warilu, Wello, Ethiopia, also were forced to form neighborhood associations in 1962-63.
Theoretically, the Ethiopian Parliament enacted the devolution of powers to allow the lower levels of the administration (woreda) to be held responsible for pursuing a grassroots type of local self-governance. Finally, as stated by Agh (2001), it needs to be underlined that the decision-making rule of unanimous consent through deliberations depends in large-part on the willingness of the protagonists to encourage a culture of compromise and accommodation, and the executive needs to run this by five to seven elected officials. Though it is claimed that Ethiopia follows a federal system in which each constituent unit is autonomous and is able to select and recall their administrators, it is surprising to note that the governors and administrators for each woreda are selected by the macro-political participants who occupy central places in Ethiopian politics. Thus, the Ethiopian people deserve to be empowered to rule themselves, with the existing nine asymmetrical ethnic-based regional states subdivided into manageable autonomous woreda. Since the time allotted to each speech was 20 minutes max, it wasn’t possible to provide enough background information. It’s true that status quo is the problem but whose responsibility is to reform the culture if it is a roadblock?

Are they articulate enough to clearly spell out the mission, motto, brand, goals, and objectives of their organizations?
If the answer is NO, then, let’s show it by playing a proactive role in selecting and developing leaders we deserve. Unquestioning submission to authority figures and rulers has been part and parcel of the culture. Forgetting insidious racism that are driven by extreme hate, in the last 25-years, TPLF produced ethnic administrative “killils” if a fellow Ethiopian citizen go to these ethnic “killils” will be ethnically stereotyped and likely be discriminated. Citing various upheavals that occurred in the Oromia Region and in particular the eviction of the Oromio farmers from their farm lands, Prime Minister Haile Mariam Desalgne has straight-forwardly stated that Ethiopia was suffering from the problems of governance, and that by evicting the helpless Oromio tenants from their land has alienated the social base of the EPRDF Party (The Guardian, March 9, 2016). Based on this assumption, the United Nations relies on using seven complex and disjointed indicators to assess the application of good governance by the aid receiving countries (UNDP, 2002). With little or no understanding of the establishment of local cultures necessary for a democratic governance system, nevertheless the agendas of good governance have been implanted in a number of developing countries. In the section that would follow in the future, an attempt will be made to explore the suitability and feasibility of Democratic autonomous self-rule Federalism or as it is known in political science jargon, the Consociationalism type of democracy for the Federal Republic of Ethiopia. The Arab Spring that took place in the northern African countries such as in Tunisia, Egypt, and Libya ousted despots. They forced the government, its international donors, and finally succeeded to carryout a democratic transition.
Some of their leaders died while others injured, and still many jailed but they are still in the fight. People were committed and stayed in the fight regardless of temporary setbacks because they saw the light at the end of the tunnel. We agreed that these articles aren’t diversions but rather alarms and necessities if our desire is to quicken our struggle in bringing a regime change, and most importantly to enjoy a lasting peace, democracy, and the rule of law in post TPLF Ethiopia.
It wholesales not only our lands but also give away our national interests to appease, and in turn put neighboring countries in its pocket. The ways we think, behave, communicate, decide, act, and interact are molded by our culture.
Many others are still fighting one regime after another in the past several years without any meaningful outcomes- one tyranny replaces another, and the struggle continues against the latest and worst tyrant. They made sure their education system nurtures the culture; their arts, music, and media promote those values that are pillars to their culture such as individual liberty, freedom of expression, and the rule of law. Once the threat subsides, we go back to our routine, and hibernate until another emergency situation awakens us.
Thus, given the major incompatibility of good governance and Lijphart’s consensus democracy, with African political mores and history another possible option needs to be considered for Ethiopia’s Federal Republic, the traditional non-party consensus,or the African communitarian approach of agrassroots democratic system of government. The neighborhood association subscribed to the African “communal ethos” because it incorporated the communities’ traditional values of consensus or consultative democracy and was set up to liberate the local people from various debilitating atrocities, corruption, and maladministration that the bureaucrats of Emperor Hailes Selassie’s feudal regime were imposing on the locality. Around 2005, just for a few months, before the May election of 2005, the Ethiopian Government showed some signs of transparency and political openness, and demonstrated a type of rudimentary democracy. In short, as suggested by Lijpahart (1999), each woredain federal Ethiopia, needs to be autonomous, with minimum exclusion, administered proportionally by a grand coalition, and subscribing to consensus democracy. That is, by doing away with demarcating each region by ethnicity, a three-layered type of federalism is created.
Last year, PRO Leadership Global conducted its annual conference, which was held at Prince George’s Community College.
I don’t blame them because the familiar culprits many point their fingers at for our inability to carryout a smooth transition from dictatorship to democracy are TPLF, Derge, America and the Western Countries, even God (many think that we’re cursed), and still others believe that the devil has been messing us up ? and the only way out is fasting and prayer. This is a job primarily of the leadership though it’d be great if the followers become proactive and take initiatives. Great leaders are those who challenge the status quo even if it means offending the public.
They reasoned that a few women leaders should be enough to lead us bridge the gender inequality. Are they visionary, and most importantly, do they know how to impart the vision to all stakeholders? From the modern history of Emperor Haile Selassie to the current Tigray People Liberation Front (TPLF) tribal regime, all three consecutive governments created and used state institutions to subordinate society. Likewise, successful revolutions in Asia like the one in Philippines (Yellow Revolution) that took place in 1986 overthrew President Ferdinand Marcos. For instance, they put all donors and creditors on notice that any loan given to the dictatorial regime in Ghana will not be paid back. The students’ movement in the late 60’s and early 70’s deposed the Haileselasie feudal regime.
People for the first time in our history witnessed extraordinary leaders on Televised debates making fool out of EPRDF leaders.
Regardless, though we don’t need to make any conclusion about the future outcomes at this stage, we should be honest with ourselves and ask this question: Why these movements unable to go to the next level, and achieve their goals?
That in turn caused them to withstand any challenge they faced before they entered into that bright future. There's a constant stream of people coming and going, many of whom you recognize by face or name, but have never had the chance to meet.
It squashes its opponents mercilessly using every available means, and also do so many additional ugly things while busy reforming our culture to make it susceptible, and then, unable to withstand its menacing plots against Ethiopia and its people.
So far, these couldn’t help us get ride of tyranny, bring lasting peace, stability, cooperation, economic and technology advancements.
These patriots fought the feudal regime boldly hoping that its downfall would bring a lasting change including going back to their native country.
As intelligent, hardworking, and God fearing people, we must reflect, learn from our past, take some lessons, continue to implement those approaches that worked and change those that failed us, and project into the future and make sure that the next change won’t be the same.
We need to wage deliberate, calculated, effective battles at multiple fronts, and measure our progress frequently and if necessary make amends quickly.
As stated by the Carter Center, “…the May elections marked an historic event in the country, as Ethiopia witnessed its first genuinely competitive campaign period with multiple parties fielding strong candidates” (2009). The conference recognized the 3G (Geographic, Generational, & Gender) Leadership Gaps. When people have confidence in their leadership, they’re willing to commit their time, talent, resources, and even their lives.
During the question and answer session, almost all of the participants who stood to comment and ask complained about some of our cultural shortcomings (of course, they didn’t mention the word culture). However ineffective, during the Emperor’s time few independent civic and societal institutions initiated. As has been seen in Ethiopia for the past several decades, there is no freedom and justice or development in dictatorship, but long-term societal moral decay. Furthermore, the indicators are not operationally defined in order to ascertain who would decide what the outcomes would be. In the beginning of the new century, Rose, Orange, and Tulip revolutions in Georgia, Ukraine, and Kyrgyzstan, respectively, made successful transitions to democracy. They also demanded that a free press and media be established in Ghana before the grant of any aid. There could be all kinds of other reasons why it was broken but there is no one single factor like leadership gap that contributed toward its demise. These people are fascinating to you, and you find yourself wishing more than anything that you could be a fly on the wall, if not there standing among them yourself.
So, I decided to write a couple of articles to clarify the need to reform our culture, and develop the capacity of our contemporary & future leaders before releasing my articles on bridging the leadership gaps, which I promised at the end of my last article.
We continue to experience conflict, further disintegration, chronic famine, and corruption. They also built their armies and law enforcement bodies in such a way that their loyalty is to the constitution, which is the embodiment of these values. While fighting at the political battlefronts, we must raise the capacity of, first, our leaders, and then our people. Let’s have continuous, civilized, and inclusive discussions to have a shared vision, and a culture that is conducive to realize this vision. Unfortunately, what began with a comparatively open period of campaigning and an orderly voting process in a fragmented democracy, uncertainty about electoral outcomes provoked mutual suspicion among the political actors.
No one disputes the existence of leadership gap in the Southern and Eastern Hemispheres than in the West. They criticized our failure to come together, questioned why we divide ourselves along ethnic, region, and religion lines? Without having enough and, most importantly, competent women leaders at all levels, it’s impossible to bridge the gender inequality, and gender leadership gap. Political parties are divided along ethnic lines and unable to work together to achieve freedom. That is, it would it be left up to the donor or the recipient to assess the outcomes of good governance. Time doesn’t allow us to cover the detail accounts of these revolutions, and the contributions of leadership toward their success. These and many other strategic choices by the leadership finally brought democracy in Ghana. OWS left its indelible mark on human history as a futile movement that initially attracted millions to its cause. One thing I’m hoping you may agree with me as one of the challenges facing these revolutions could be a leadership gap. This decision generated the trust of all parties- oppositions and supporters of the ruling party alike. In the context of your life and your dreams, this is the big party, with the people who impress and inspire you the most, and this is where you want to be.Now picture this gala taking place in a huge compound or estate with a long driveway, a towering set of wrought iron gates, a guard station at the base, and the most beautiful landscaping you've ever seen. We all may agree that, while TPLF is in power and continuing to implement its faulty policies, it’s unlikely to bring true democracy and freedom in Ethiopia.
We’re known worldwide as one of the poorest countries in the world regardless of our abundant natural resources, great people, and rich history and so many golden cultural attributes. We may not need to copy and paste everything from them but one thing we must learn, if our desire is to enjoy the freedom, liberty, and democracy they have been enjoying is to reform our culture one step at a time the way it fits our objective conditions on the ground. Let’s continue to engage in informative, participatory, and productive debates to shape the future of Ethiopia NOW. As result, the fragmentary type of democracy evaporated as the political parties entered into a skirmish resulting in an overblown system of checks and balances by the ruling party.
Though I don’t condone his method, which was violent in the majority of the cases, Cultural Revolution transformed the country, setting China up to enjoy her present state of success. If we’ve great leaders everywhere, only the best of us take the top leadership at national, community, party, and organizational levels. Other than those initiated to advance socialist ideology, “derg” never attempted to create independent civic institutions or allowed the public to create one.
Even those political parties organized by political philosophy are divided by security official manipulation or intimidation.
Obviously, with the suspicions and disdains inculcated in citizens other Ethiopians are watching from sideline. However, it’s noteworthy to pick one of the success stories from our own continent- Ghana, and expand a little bit and show you the critical roles leadership played. Because of lack of leadership, all the efforts, and sacrifices of those courageous young people ended up fruitless. It weakened the regime but the revolution was hijacked by the military regime at the 11th hour.
Thus, in principle, I concurred with my critic that removing TPLF must be the first priority. For one, it has been tried for decades and didn’t bring satisfactory results, and why then should we do it again and again and expect a different result? Unfortunately, we keep doing the same things again and again that failed us overcome these dire situations. Their frustration turned into a nightmare when a racist and divisive- a more repressive junta- substituted the military regime.
Let’s be open and entertain diverse ideas about the kinds of constitution, federal system, and development policies we need so that the shared vision may come to fruition. Research shows that, in just the US alone, 33 million baby boomer leaders are going to retire by the year 2020. Again, whose responsibility is to design the right organizational design, recruit the right people to fill the structure, and engage the public at grass root level?
Unlike the Chinese and South Koreans, who overcame insurmountable challenges in unison, we failed to do so because we’re unable to reform our culture courageously. The TPLF tightened the noose more than ever before, and weakened and subordinated primarily the judicial systems to destroy, incarcerate and legally torture any opponent. Trust among citizens eroded to not believe in each other even to not do anything at individual’s own initiative. The same way as kinijit fall, the protest in Oromia killil might fall short to get the much-needed freedom.
Regrettably, since our country took that wrong turn, she went from worse to worst, and we never recovered from that fatal misstep because of lack of leadership that failed to finish the job. This gap was created by all of us, both the people and leaders- Muslim and Christian leaders, and leaders from all ethnic groups.
THESE VERY SAME ENFORCEMENT AGENCIES, WHO HAVE SWORN TO PROTECT AND SERVE, OUR COUNTRY, AND CITIZENS ,ARE BUT SOME, OF THE CORRUPT,GREEDY TRAITORS .ENGAGED IN THE TYRANNY AND TORTURE. Most people only learn about it from the pages of tabloids, fashion magazines, and segments on entertainment news shows. But, it’s possible that we can carryout multiple synergetic efforts simultaneously toward the main thing. As Albert Einstein put it beautifully, “Doing the same thing over and over again and expecting a different outcome is insanity”. The fight is still on with a sense of urgency; more of our people are leaving the motherland and going to very volatile places, let alone those of us who are already in exile to return. Research shows that South Korea and Ghana were on the same footing in the 60’s; having almost the same GDP, receiving equal amount of aid, producing similar products and services, etc.
Very few of our problems require advanced technologies, highly trained manpower, intensive resources, and so on.
We also need to learn from our past leaders (adopt and improve their strengths, avoid their mistakes), and the experiences of other leaders around the world. Notice the close down of organization initiated by individuals such as commonly known EHRCO (Ethiopian Human Rights Council). In the mean time, Ethiopians continue suffering under TPLF dictatorship without future hope and with widespread societal ills. Three of the four clusters were related to creating favorable conditions for the private sector, rather than measuring governance in the sense of the state’s relationship with civil society.
That is, unless development practitioners can “… develop valid measurements, they cannot know that the empirical relationships they observe between variables are meaningful.” (Gisselquist, 2012).
Let’s take collective responsibility and begin playing our share to bridge the leadership gap and topple the dictatorial regime in Ethiopia. While some of us engage in fighting at the political battlefronts, the rest of us should participate in the change process in the areas of our passion and using our talents and experiences at multiple other fronts. Second, TPLF continues to have a field day since it could easily squash our ‘one basket filled with multitudes of eggs’. The right place to begin the reform is raising leaders (rather, change agents), at all levels, in different industries (politics, business, NGO, religion, academics, art, media, etc.). Unlike Ghanaian, South Korean leaders employed Cultural Revolution by substituting some of their counter productive cultural values with some powerful values, which in turn enabled them to transform their country from one of the developing countries into one of the developed within a few decades. Ethiopia won’t be able to see unity, democracy, stability, prosperity, and freedom until we open our eyes and acknowledge that we are victims of our own culture. For example, developmental states were not objectively measured (Schmitz, 2007, Punyaratabandhu, 2004).
Most of the leaders of CUD were competent, capable, and courageous to face off against the brutal regime. Let’s quickly review some of the characteristics of AFC leadership and learn some lessons (we don’t need to duplicate every thing) to address the leadership gap that faces our community. When we engage in such a coordinated manner, that is when TPLF is unable to stand the pressures, and then give way to the change whose time has long overdue. Third, the problems we face are deep and multifaceted that requires manifold synergetic moves.
This type of unanimous consent decision-making process would provide an institutional basis for democracy and stability.
We have a hope to transform our country but that journey must begin with Cultural Revolution!
In this regard and to play my little share, I’ll share with you a couple of articles in the coming weeks and months, and look forward to hear your feedbacks.
Over the phone and under-the-table directives, the ghost of security officials and brutal cadres presided on the respected chambers and rendered unlawful judgments on defendants.
The House on the Hill represents the place where deals are made that shape the lives of hundreds, and sometimes millions of people.
Hence, we don’t necessarily need to abandon everything else and put all of our eggs in one basket, especially knowing that TPLF has been working hard day and night in changing our centuries old culture in order to divide and conquer, overcome resistance against its ethnic-apartheid style rule, corrupt our productive citizens, and effectively promote its own other sinister agendas. Fighting one dictatorial regime after another with laser-focused attention has been there but without any significant outcome. Whether it’s within the ruling party or in the opposition camp; whether it’s in the NGOs or in the religious institutions, the dominant decision makers are members of the older generation. The gap the presentation attempted to show was a quality gap- the lack of leadership competency, not just at the top, at all levels.

We need to identify those cultural attributes that are golden, and those that are limiting. Blaming one another, pointing our fingers somewhere, and barking at the wrong trees doesn’t cut it.
This is networking at its finest.It doesn't really matter which house we're talking about because there are many of them. What has been missing was the ability to invest our talent, time, and resources to carryout other background things at multiple fronts so that dictatorship wouldn’t have any room after a regime change. If our genuine desire is to experience different kinds of results than what we have had so far, let’s stop doing the same things again and again.
There’s nothing wrong with this as far as the contemporary leaders are conscious about the existence of the generational gap and proactively raising their successors. And, we need courageous and bold leaders to help us disown the latter, and substitute them with some important values that could empower us to become tolerant, inclusive, hard working, innovative, and so on. Unfortunately, the task of reforming our culture too desperately needs courageous, selfless, visionary, far-sighted, and transformational leaders. Some exist in the entertainment world, others in politics, and many, many more within specificindustries like corporate finance, real estate, the restaurant business, the art world, and publishing. Not all members of the leadership were equally responsible for CUD’s dysfunctional leadership. They're spotted all around the globe, but the really big ones, the ones with the biggest players (for lack of a better word), are in the many places you'd expect to see them — New York, Los Angeles, London, Milan, Zurich, Tokyo. Likewise, it doesn’t take a genius to figure out that we’re plagued by gender leadership gap.
Regardless of their number, which is more 50% and their lion share contributions at family, community, and national levels, enough women aren’t at the front and leading. What is important to note here is that, at the end of the day, not only the movement was quashed, as much as it aroused the hope of millions of Ethiopians, it caused Ethiopians to never trust or depend on political coalitions.
Sure, there are incredible people who wield great influence and power in almost every city, and they can range from the mayor of a small town to the CEO of a billion-dollar company to a world leader, for that matter.
The trick is in finding the areas that the people you want to do business with are in, then getting in the front door to join the party yourself.How Does This Apply to Me?If you think about this elitist world as the place where decisions that affect all of us are made, it can take on a different meaning for you as an individual. What we need is broader, coordinated, and unscripted approaches led by change agents from various industries. That is when we begin to experience lasting transformation through cultural reform and leadership development. If you're climbing a corporate ladder, this is where the promotions, division layoffs, and profit sharing plans are decided. If you're running for political office, this is where your biggest supporters and contributors may come from.
My articles are aimed at provoking our thoughts, and igniting further debates (not to distract). If you're looking to get attention for your work, this is where the articles are written, the large events are held, and the big endorsements come from.
My hope is that our community organizations may take these two things (reforming our culture, and raising change agents) seriously, establish institutions, design programs, recruit and train the trainers, arrange conferences, workshops, mentoring programs, and organize practical volunteer opportunities, and so on.
And it's the place where, if you can get into it yourself, you can be a player.As far as I'm concerned, this is the ultimate test that makes the Young & Successful who they are and sets them apart from the rest. The most powerful secret we know is, after all, access.Six Degrees of SeparationHave you heard of that game called Six Degrees of Kevin Bacon? It's kind of a joke in the entertainment industry that came from a little research someone once did to figure out who was the most connected person in the business. They ran through hundreds of examples and believe it or not, the person who turned out to be more connected than anyone else was Kevin Bacon. So, over the years, countless tabloids have made jokes about this game and have found other ways to connect him with everyone who's ever acted in any major movie, television show, or theatrical production. Type in any star and the computer will tell you in a second how they are connected to Kevin Bacon and by exactly how many degrees, or acquaintances.
The average I found was about 2 or 3 degrees, even when I typed in the most random people, like high school friends who were small-time actors.
See how it works?Now apply that concept to just about anyone else you want to get to and you might find yourself a lot closer than you think! I personally love this game and use it all the time to make sure I'm staying connected in the industries I need to focus on. Over the years I've met such an insane amount of people and made friends in so many places that my average is down to about 2 or 3 degrees. You may be six people away from anyone in the world right now, but when you read the rest of this chapter and put even a small amount of what you learn to work for you, I'll bet you can get as close as two or three people away from anyone, too.Who's in the House?Few were born into the House and its world of influence, power, and privilege.
Most had to work their way into the House one way or another.There are a lot of ways to get into the House yourself, and just as some say "it takes money to make money," without a doubt, it takes people to meet people. In the House on the Hill there are Owners, Part-Timers, Visitors, Workers, and the Public.OwnersThe people at the top of the power food chain are the Owners.
They have the ultimate control over who comes and goes from the House, the most coveted place to be.
Think about it this way: If the entertainment world is one neighborhood, Oprah may own the biggest house. Actually, she may own one of the biggest houses in the world because, after all, she is one of the richest women in the world and certainly one of the most powerful. The school district has moved to a biometric identification program, saying students will no longer have to use an ID card to buy lunch.A  BIOMETRICS TO TRACK YOUR KIDS!!!!!i»?i»?A TARGETED INDIVIDUALS, THE GREEDY CRIMINALS ARE NOW CONDONING THEIR TECH! But Oprah built her own house from scratch, after starting out as just another person in the Public. Like most of us starting out, she too was a whole lot of degrees away from power of any kind. In fact, she had challenges that far exceed what most of us will ever have to contend with. And not only did she work her way into the House, but all the way up the proverbial food chain, until everyone around seemed to be working for her. As for the degrees of separation concept, Oprah is now one or two degrees away from anyone, because after all, anyone will take her call! That's ownership.If Oprah invites you into the House, you might as well be the guest of honor, because you can get in front of anyone.
They met, he impressed the heck out of her, she put him on her show, introduced him to the world, endorsed his work, and BAM, he became a powerhouse in his own right.I'm sure I don't have to say much more on this. Oprah is the ultimate owner.Part-TimersThese are the people who come and go from the House regularly.
They may be family, business partners, neighbors, close friends, or anyone in the Owner's close inner circle.My friend Suzanne Marx is the ultimate Part-Timer.
Her closest friends are some of the most influential people in the worlds of philanthropy, politics, education, and the arts.
Suzanne is a high-level professional fund-raiser whose work includes some of the biggest private building projects in the country. For one, she helped raise $40 million to build the Ronald Reagan Presidential Library in Simi Valley, California, which now houses more than 50 million pages of government records and documentation from Reagan's political career and more Reagan memorabilia than you'll find anywhere. She also worked on the highly publicized Walt Disney Concert Hall, the new home of the Los Angeles Philharmonic.
This $274 million effort enabled the building of a 293,000-square-foot state-of-the-art center that takes up a full city block downtown and is said to be one of the most acoustically sophisticated concert halls in the world. Her work on behalf of various social and political causes calls for her to float in and out of the House in an endless array of breakfasts, lunches, dinners, benefits, and intimate gatherings.
All day, every day, she plays an instrumental role in networking Owners, Part-Timers, and even introducing a few Visitors into the mix.There's another important group of Part-Timers, as well. Personal assistants, secretaries, and business managers, who are virtually inseparable from the Owners, also fall in to this category as the "gatekeepers" who can determine whether you get in or not. Their power to deny you access means little if the Owner has already granted it, but if you don't know the Owner yet, Part-Timers can be like the pit bulls who guard the gates or the sweet old lady that answers the front door when you ring.THE BIG HOUSESpeaking of gatekeepers, have you ever considered who actually controls access to the most powerful person in the free world? Bush, the president of the United States, and she herself is probably the most powerful gatekeeper in the world. It's Ashley's job to know everyone the president knows or needs to know, and keep track of anyone the president ever meets or speaks with on a tight schedule.
But the only other gatekeeper with maybe even greater access than Ashley is twenty-seven-year-old Logan Walters (who incidentally still gets carded when he goes out with friends in Georgetown).
Logan is the personal assistant to the president, and he goes absolutely everywhere with him.
Standing with them, just a few feet from the Oval Office himself, he called them "the young gatekeepers that even the most senior officials must go through to get to the president." Talk about being Part-Timers. And talk about being Young & Successful!Just as a side note (because I know you're wondering this yourself!), Ashley and Logan got their jobs in pretty much the same way. As students at the University of Texas, both landed internships in the governor's office and apparently made quite an impression.
Bush, then governor of the state of Texas, was elected president, he took his most trusted aides with him, and, well, the rest is history.Part-Timers can often be your best bet to getting into the House.
After all, they have the best access themselves and are among the most trusted in any Owner's inner circle. Just think about the friends you're closest to, who you call a few times a week, who you have dinner with on a pretty regular basis. Visitors are either invited over by Owners or Part-Timers, but may also be given entrée by other Visitors who are friends or even casual acquaintances of the Owner. Ever get invited to a party, benefit, or performance where you couldn't believe the people who would be there? Whoever invited you had received an invitation and either wanted you as a date or figured you'd really appreciate the offer. If you took him or her up on it, you've already been a Visitor yourself.I got to see this firsthand on one unforgettable VIP trip through New York with Suzanne, the Ultimate Part-Timer.
And for what it's worth, observing Suzanne was actually what helped me formulate this theory in the first place. After all, she first showed me how access worked at the highest levels when she walked me right in to meet Ronald Reagan himself one day. But that was just a teaser for my introduction to how the House really works.On one of her frequent business trips to New York from Los Angeles, Suzanne invited me to come along as her guest.
Having always been fascinated with her and her work, I couldn't have been more intrigued, and I jumped at the chance. She promised we'd meet some really great people and have a lot of fun in the city, but that was about the biggest understatement I'd ever heard.We had a packed schedule ahead of us.
I soon learned that with fund-raisers come lots of people to meet, introductions to make, catching up to do with friends, updates on latest projects to be given, and support to be offered. If you ever thought you understood the term "too many places to go, and people to see," you haven't yet met Suzanne. Fund-raising isn't just about asking people for money, you see, it's about building and maintaining relationships.
And as we've talked about the whole way through, Suzanne is an expert in knowing how to leverage the power of people to make incredible things happen.Arriving in New York, we headed with our bags right to the Pierre, an elegant hotel (where she knew practically everyone) on the edge of Central Park. The Pierre rolled out the red carpet for her and after a few minutes of chatting with the general manager, we were upgraded to one of their top suites and escorted upstairs.For breakfast we met with one of Suzanne's oldest friends, Didi Burke.
In that hour or so we learned all about how she climbed to the top of this great company and lived a virtual fantasy life commuting back and forth between New York and Paris every other week.Then we were off to meet more people for drinks. Back at the Pierre lounge we hooked up with Khaki & Max, the official interior designers for the Clintons, who had followed them from their home state of Arkansas all the way to the White House.
They were no less colorful than the magnificent tapestries they described placing in the White House just a few weeks before. Paul Weindling, history of medicine professor at Oxford Brookes University, describes his search for the lost victims of Nazi experiments.
The chairman of the board at ESL a€” then proprietor of the desert wasteland in Nevada known as a€?Area 51a€? a€” was William Perry, who would be appointed secretary of defense several years later. EUCACH.ORG PanelIn a 2-hour wide-ranging Panel with Alfred Lambremont Webre on the Transhumanist Agenda, Magnus Olsson, Dr.
Henning Witte, and Melanie Vritschan, three experts from the European Coalition Against Covert Harassment, revealed recent technological advances in human robotization and nano implant technologies, and an acceleration of what Melanie Vritschan characterized as a a€?global enslavement programa€?.Shift from electromagnetic to scalar wavesThese technologies have now shifted from electromagnetic wave to scalar waves and use super quantum computers in the quantum cloud to control a€?pipesa€? a reference to the brains of humans that have been taken over via DNA, via implants that can be breathed can breach the blood-brain barrier and then controlled via scalar waved on a super-grid. Eventually, such 'subvocal speech' systems could be used in spacesuits, in noisy places like airport towers to capture air-traffic controller commands, or even in traditional voice-recognition programs to increase accuracy, according to NASA scientists."What is analyzed is silent, or sub auditory, speech, such as when a person silently reads or talks to himself," said Chuck Jorgensen, a scientist whose team is developing silent, subvocal speech recognition at NASA Ames Research Center in California's Silicon Valley. We numbered the columns and rows, and we could identify each letter with a pair of single-digit numbers," Jorgensen said. People in noisy conditions could use the system when privacy is needed, such as during telephone conversations on buses or trains, according to scientists."An expanded muscle-control system could help injured astronauts control machines. If an astronaut is suffering from muscle weakness due to a long stint in microgravity, the astronaut could send signals to software that would assist with landings on Mars or the Earth, for example," Jorgensen explained. These are processed to remove noise, and then we process them to see useful parts of the signals to show one word from another," Jorgensen said.After the signals are amplified, computer software 'reads' the signals to recognize each word and sound.
Our Research and Development Division has been in contact with the Federal Bureau of Prisons, the California Department of Corrections, the Texas Department of Public Safety, and the Massachusetts Department of Correction to run limited trials of the 2020 neural chip implant. We have established representatives of our interests in both management and institutional level positions within these departments.
Federal regulations do not yet permit testing of implants on prisoners, but we have entered nto contractual agreements with privatized health care professionals and specified correctional personnel to do limited testing of our products. We need, however, to expand our testing to research how effective the 2020 neural chip implant performs in those identified as the most aggressive in our society. In California, several prisoners were identified as members of the security threat group, EME, or Mexican Mafia. They were brought to the health services unit at Pelican Bay and tranquilized with advanced sedatives developed by our Cambridge,Massachussetts laboratories.
The results of implants on 8 prisoners yielded the following results: a€?Implants served as surveillance monitoring device for threat group activity. However, during that period substantial data was gathered by our research and development team which suggests that the implants exceed expected results. One of the major concerns of Security and the R & D team was that the test subject would discover the chemial imbalance during the initial adjustment period and the test would have to be scurbbed. However, due to advanced technological developments in the sedatives administered, the 48 hour adjustment period can be attributed t prescription medication given to the test subjects after the implant procedure. One of the concerns raised by R & D was the cause of the bleeding and how to eliminate that problem.
Unexplained bleeding might cause the subject to inquire further about his "routine" visit to the infirmary or health care facility. Security officials now know several strategies employed by the EME that facilitate the transmission of illegal drugs and weapons into their correctional facilities.
One intelligence officier remarked that while they cannot use the informaiton that have in a court of law that they now know who to watch and what outside "connections" they have. The prison at Soledad is now considering transferring three subjects to Vacaville wher we have ongoing implant reserach. Our technicians have promised that they can do three 2020 neural chip implants in less than an hour. Soledad officials hope to collect information from the trio to bring a 14 month investigation into drug trafficking by correctional officers to a close. Essentially, the implants make the unsuspecting prisoner a walking-talking recorder of every event he comes into contact with. There are only five intelligence officers and the Commisoner of Corrections who actually know the full scope of the implant testing. In Massachusetts, the Department of Corrections has already entered into high level discussion about releasing certain offenders to the community with the 2020 neural chip implants. Our people are not altogether against the idea, however, attorneys for Intelli-Connection have advised against implant technology outside strick control settings. While we have a strong lobby in the Congress and various state legislatures favoring our product, we must proceed with the utmost caution on uncontrolled use of the 2020 neural chip. If the chip were discovered in use not authorized by law and the procedure traced to us we could not endure for long the resulting publicity and liability payments. Massachusetts officials have developed an intelligence branch from their Fugitive Task Force Squad that would do limited test runs under tight controls with the pre-release subjects.
Correctons officials have dubbed these poetnetial test subjects "the insurance group." (the name derives from the concept that the 2020 implant insures compliance with the law and allows officials to detect misconduct or violations without question) A retired police detective from Charlestown, Massachusetts, now with the intelligence unit has asked us to consider using the 2020 neural chip on hard core felons suspected of bank and armored car robbery. He stated, "Charlestown would never be the same, we'd finally know what was happening before they knew what was happening." We will continue to explore community uses of the 2020 chip, but our company rep will be attached to all law enforcement operations with an extraction crrew that can be on-site in 2 hours from anywhere at anytime. We have an Intelli-Connection discussion group who is meeting with the Director of Security at Florence, Colorado's federal super maximum security unit. The initial discussions with the Director have been promising and we hope to have an R & D unit at this important facilitly within the next six months.
Napolitano insisted that the department was not planning on engaging in any form of ideological profiling.
I will tell him face-to-face that we honor veterans at DHS and employ thousands across the department, up to and including the Deputy Secretary," Ms.
Steve Buyer of Indiana, the ranking Republican on the House Committee on Veterans' Affairs, called it "inconceivable" that the Obama administration would categorize veterans as a potential threat.

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