This entry was posted in Famous, Quotes and tagged beauty, Celebrity, famous, life, marilyn, Marilyn Monroe, monroe, Quote, Quotes, sayings on June 30, 2012 by . Beyonce famously sang that women should put their hands up, and if you want to keep them, you have to put a ring on it. But in the worlds of high tech or venture capital, the better move might be to put a ruler on it.
This isn't a magic trick -- we'll get to the underlying science in a bit -- but first consider that, in 2011, only a dozen companies in the Fortune 500 were headed by women.
Economists Aldo Rustichini and Luigi Guiso are among those researchers who have been asking that question. As strange as it may sound, the ratio of index to ring finger correlates with traits such as spatial ability, risk-taking, and assertiveness. Sure enough, their analysis of the photos found that the more successful the entrepreneur, the longer the ring finger compared to the index finger.
As you hold up your hand to examine your own two fingers, this finding probably sounds downright absurd. A couple months into gestation, fingers sprout and elongate, and, also during that time, the early limbic brain gets organized.
All of which is a very technical way to explain that the length of the ring finger is a marker for fundamental -- but not entirely known -- brain system differences. Normally, men's ring fingers are a tad longer, and women's index fingers are a tiny bit longer. This suggests that entrepreneurs are special, wired that way from the fetal stages of development. In a study of University of Chicago MBA students, researchers had found a very large gap between male and female students' career ambitions. That's worth repeating: it was their testosterone, not gender, that seemed to be driving their careers. If you're wondering whether venture capital firms should just throw out the business plans and take photos of entrepreneurs' hands, that's the wrong idea. Rustichini notes that some scientists believe that all the biological components of competitiveness, taken together, comprise 40% of the explanation. According to Rustichini, if people's childhoods don't cultivate the competitive psyche, or if the society they live in isn't supportive of women's efforts, they're never going to succeed as entrepreneurs, no matter how long their ring fingers are. The biggest mistake might be using gender in any way to count, sort, or even think about entrepreneurs. My father said, If you want to do acting, you have to be successful, which is a silly thing to say. New York, NY New, Get Introduced parties and get togethers Connecting New York City singles. New York City (or NYC) -- officially, "City of New York," and affectionately known as "The Big Apple" -- is the largest city of the state of New York and in the United States, and by many measures, one of the most important cities in the world. New York is also the location of what was, according to many experts, the most devastating act of terrorism in modern history: the September 11, 2001 attack that utterly destroyed the twin towers of the World Trade Center and several surrounding buildings.
New York has had a reputation as a crime-ridden city, partly due to the hundreds of TV and cinematic crime dramas set in it. The current mayor of New York City is Michael Bloomberg, elected in 2001 on the Republican ticket. Although New York's harbour was first discovered by Giovanni da Verrazano during his expedition of 1524, the history of New York City properly begins with the Dutch settlement of 1624.
In 1664, British ships captured the city, with minimal resistance: the governor at the time, Peter Stuyvesant, was unpopular with the residents of the city. Several battles were fought in New York during the Revolutionary War; the British defeated George Washington's troops, and held the city until the war ended. New York was briefly the capital of the new United States of America, in 1789 and 1790, and George Washington was inaugurated as President in New York, then the nation's second largest city.
The building of the Erie Canal, in the 1820s, helped the city grow further by increasing river traffic upstate and to the west. The modern city of New York -- the five boroughs -- was created in 1898, as the merger of the cities of New York (then Manhattan and the Bronx) and Brooklyn with the largely rural areas of Queens and Staten Island. The building of the New York subway, as the separate IRT and BMT systems, and the later IND, was a later force for population growth and development. The world-famous Grand Central Terminal[?] opened as the world's largest train station on February 1, 1913.
As of the census of 2000, there are 8,008,278 people, 3,021,588 households, and 1,852,233 families residing in the city.
The median income for a household in the city is $38,293, and the median income for a family is $41,887.
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When the founder of a startup company shuts down her or his business, it’s customary to pen an essay that tells the rest of the community what went wrong. The proliferation of the failure post-mortem has helped create a bizarre cult of failure that seems wrong-headed. CB Insights recently parsed 101 post-mortem essays by startup founders to pinpoint the reasons they believe their company failed. Steve Hogan, who runs a startup turn-around shop called Tech-Rx, says companies with founded by one person—that is, no partners—are most likely to fail. Because new science has revealed that the size of a woman's ring finger can predict her entrepreneurship, career interests, and a host of other traits essential to success in a high stakes, high tech career.
But focusing on those arguments -- as legitimate as they may be -- means we can forget to consider any other explanations.
They hired a small army of 200 assistants to go out and interview over two thousand Italian men and women small-business owners and founders. The most successful entrepreneurs had ring fingers 10% to 20% longer than their index finger. Both of these are affected by the prevalence of the hormones testosterone and estrogen, which come both from the fetus's own sex glands and the mother's bloodstream. So far, the research has focused on how testosterone and estrogen alter cell migration in the hypothalamus -- the origin point for the entire, cascading hormone system. But in the Italian study, the female entrepreneurs actually had more of a male pattern: their ring fingers were longer. More men might be wired this way than women, but if you are wired this way, it transcends gender. Fifty-seven percent of the men were looking forward to what the researchers considered a "risky" finance career -- such as becoming investment banking or trading.
The city is probably the world's most important financial center, and one of the most important cultural centers of the Western world. Each borough elects a Borough President, but under the current city charter, the Borough President's powers are limited--he or she has a small discretionary budget to spend on projects within the borough. The population of the City of New York is more than eight million (2000 US Census), with the population of the entire metropolitan area at around 20 million. Residents generally refer to New York City (or just Manhattan) as "New York" or "the city". In fact, the city has a high crime rate compared to the United States of America at large, but a relatively low rate compared to other North American cities. Bloomberg had come to prominence as an expert on Wall Street, which had brought him great wealth, but the mayoralty is his first political office.
His bid for United States Senator from New York State was aborted by treatment for cancer and controversy over his affair with Judith Nathan. That town, at the southern tip of Manhattan, was called New Amsterdam (Nieuw Amsterdam), and was the main city of the Dutch colony of New Netherlands. The British renamed the colony New York, after James II of England, who sponsored the takeover and who was at that time the Duke of York. Patrick's Day was celebrated in New York City for the first time at the Crown and Thistle Tavern on March 17, 1756. By 1835 Manhattan overtook Philadelphia as the most populous city and established itself as the financial and mercantile capital of the western hemisphere. The song gave its name to a film directed by Martin Scorsese (see New York, New York (film)[?]). Celebrating failure (“Fail fast” goes the mantra) seems to let people off the hook for bad behavior. On Thursday the company crunched the numbers to reveal that the number-one reason for failure, cited by 42% of polled startups, is the lack of a market need for their product. Polled founders also cited a lack of sufficient capital (29%), the assembly of the wrong team for the project (23%), and superior competition (19%) as top reasons for failure.
Paul Graham, a partner at the Y Combinator startup accelerator, wrote in 2007 that startups usually die because they run out of money or a founder leaves. Excluding instances of “stupid spending” or the inability to raise capital in the first place, startups tend to run out of cash when a CEO has overlooked all other indicators of failure.
And it really doesn't help us understand an even more interesting version of the question: why do some women break through? In the middle of the interviews, the entrepreneurs were asked to hold out their right hands, palm up, so a photograph could be taken.
Rustichini's own work has connected it to real-life success, such as the profitability of London high-frequency financial traders. The fetal ring finger has many receptors for both hormones on it, and the index finger has fewer receptors. What seems to happen is this: higher levels of prenatal testosterone wires you to be permanently more sensitive to testosterone, forever on.

The United Nations headquarters is in New York City, giving some credence to the city's self-designation as "capital of the world". In addition, New York has been growing safer for most of the last decade--FBI data indicate that the murder rate in 2000 was the lowest since 1967. Bloomberg had been a Democrat until only a short time earlier, but switched to the Republican Party to run for mayor, in order to avoid a crowded Democratic primary. He handled the aftermath of the World Trade Center disaster well, providing much-needed leadership, and greatly increased his popularity. The Dutch origins can still be seen in many names in New York City, such as Brooklyn (from Breukelen), Harlem (from Haarlem), The Bronx (from Pieter Bronck) and Staten Island.
The city grew northward, and remained the largest and most important city in the colony of New York. This holiday has since become a yearly city-wide celebration that is famous around the world as the St. A nearly pure form of capitalism created a large upper-middle and upper class, but its need for manpower encouraged immigration on an unprecedented scale, with mixed results. Nine out of 10 startups fail, which is why the failure post-mortem has become so common that it’s practically a Silicon Valley cliche.
But many startups build things people don’t want with the irrational hope that they’ll convince them otherwise.
The existence of a co-founder helps avoid many of the reasons cited at the bottom of the CB Insights chart, he says, including disharmony, poor marketing, and the wrong team. Women do create internet firms, but many of them are home-based, on a shoestring, financed with credit cards and personal loans. Specifically, the scholars capturing an image to measure the length of their ring fingers relative to their index fingers.
Testosterone lengthens the fetal fingers, while estrogen stops their growth, and thus the balance of the two hormones can affect the ring finger and index finger differently. It's not that you have more testosterone; it's that your body reacts stronger to daily, even moment-to-moment, fluctuations in bloodstream testosterone.
And it wasn't just their ring fingers that were bigger: on average, they ran bigger companies, with higher growth rates.
However, these researchers compared the Chicago business students' hands as well, so they had the proxy measure for the prenatal testosterone (via the finger ratio). Brain differences, combined with psychological differences, interact to forge the entrepreneur who has enough fight, stamina, and risk-taking necessary for success.
Holiday Party, Office Party, Christmas Party, Divorce Party, Cast Party, Many Types Of Events And Parties. The island of Manhattan was in some measure self-selected as a future metropolis by its extraordinary natural harbor formed by New York Bay (actually an arm of the Atlantic Ocean), the East River (actually a tidal strait) and the Hudson River, all of which are confluent at the southern tip, from which all later development spread. The famed melting pot was brought into being, from which multitudes have since arisen in the successful pursuit of the "American Dream". Then they also did saliva tests to measure the amount of testosterone that was circulating in their systems -- which as we said, seems to, effectively, be more potent for those who had that increased fetal testosterone exposure.
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Also of prime importance was the presence of deep fresh water aquifers near the southern tip, especially the Collect Pond[?].
But countless others failed to rise, or entire generations were forced to plough themselves under for their children or grandchildren to rise. Founder-CEOs feel pressure to keep up the facade of success, even when things are actually falling apart behind the scenes. For every $19 billion company like Uber, the private transportation service, there are countless frivolous products that never catch on.
It was an impressive list, but it's still only a fraction of tech startups and VC firms operating nationally.
Once you statistically controlled for both testosterone levels, there was no difference in the men's and women's preferences for risk-driven careers. Holiday Party, Office Party, Christmas Party, Divorce Party, Cast Party, Many Types Of Events And N.Y. In the mid-1800s these antipodes could be found in the fabulously rich stretches of lower Broadway (wealth that would later take up residence on Fifth Avenue[?]) and the almost unbelievably squalid enclave of Five Points (abject poverty later to take up residence in the Lower East Side[?]). Only recently, after the tragic suicide of Jody Sherman, CEO of a startup called Ecomom, did the technology community begin to publicly acknowledge the problems with its “entrepreneur as hero” narrative. The Best Singles events in New York City Now internet Audio Personals Help Make Connections 24 hrs A Day!

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