There is one clinical trial.
Innovative strategies to reduce adult smoking prevalence include using genetic information to motivate cessation and, ultimately, to tailor cessation pharmacotherapy. Success of these interventions depends, in part, on smokers' interest and participation in genetic testing related to cessation and their understanding and use of the results (i.e., their genetic literacy). The recent availability of genetic risk testing for a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor gene (CHRNA3) variant (rs105173) associated with nicotine dependence makes it highly feasible to investigate smokers' interest in and use of genetic information about nicotine dependence. Therefore, the primary purpose of this study is to determine the impact of an intervention that provides smokers with an educational session about genetic contributions to smoking and nicotine dependence plus their genotype results for rs1051730 on smoking cessation outcomes compared to those who receive only the educational session. Secondary purposes are to determine: (a) the impact of genetic education and knowing personal genotype results on genetic literacy outcomes and (b) the feasibility of recruitment and retention methods in a study addressing genotyping for nicotine dependence. Primary outcomes are cessation-related behaviors and cognitions indicating abstinence. Secondary outcomes are cognitions and emotions indicating genetic literacy. Knowledge gained from this study has the potential for clinical translation so that as genotyping becomes part of smoking cessation, health-care providers can understand and address factors influencing smokers' adaptation to genetically-informed cessation treatment. The study will use a longitudinal, repeated measures design (experimental, control; N=90; 45/group). All participants will receive a 90-minute educational session about genetic contributions for smoking and nicotine dependence and will donate a buccal swab sample for genotyping. The investigators will then randomize participants to two groups: those who receive genotyping results in a genetic counseling session (experimental) and those who do not (control). Follow-up data will be collected from both groups at baseline and weeks 2, 6, 10 after the experimental group receives genotyping results, with a brief follow-up and study termination occurring at week 12. Control group participants will be offered their genotyping results at the end of the study.
The recent availability of genetic risk testing for a nicotinic acetylcholine receptor gene (CHRNA3) variant (rs105173) associated with nicotine dependence makes it highly feasible to investigate smokers' interest in and use of genetic information about nicotine dependence.
Description: Abstinence: Point-Prevalence & Continuous Self-Report; Exhaled CO: <= 6 ppm past 24 hrs.; Salivary Cotinine: <15 ng/ml past 7 daysMeasure: Change in Baseline Smoking Abstinence at 2, 6, and 10 Weeks after Genotyping Results Time: Weeks 2, 6, and 10 after genotyping results
Description: Use of Pharmacotherapy: Self-report of type and frequency of use of FDA-approved smoking cessation medications. Verification of product at data collection.Measure: Change in Baseline Use of Pharmacotherapy at 2, 6, and 10 Weeks after Genotyping Results Time: 2, 6, and 10 weeks after genotyping results
Description: Knowledge Test of Genetics & Smoking Investigator Developed. 20 items; correct items are summed. Scores 0-20. Higher scores indicate more knowledge.Measure: Change in Baseline Knowledge of Genetic Contributions to Smoking at 2, 6, and 10 Weeks after Genotyping Results Time: 2, 6, and 10 weeks after genotyping results