There are 4 clinical trials
This is a clinical research study to see if switching to Darunavir/Cobicistat ((PREZCOBIX™, DRV/COBI ) and Dolutegrivir (Tivicay®, DTG) in HIV-infected individuals with undetectable HIV viral load on nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI)-containing therapy will be effective in maintaining virologic suppression at 48 weeks of treatment.
Prohibited protease mutations: V11I, V32I, L33F, I47V/A/L, I50V, I54T/S/L/M, T74P, L76V, V82F, I84V, or L89V Prohibited INSTI mutations: E92Q, E92K/A, G140S/A/C, Q148H/R/K or Q148 substitution plus any of the following: L74I/M, E138A/D/K/T, G140A/S, Y143H/R, E157Q, G163E/K/Q/R/S, or G193E/R. --- V11I --- --- V32I --- --- L33F --- --- I47V --- --- I50V --- --- I54T --- --- T74P --- --- L76V --- --- V82F --- --- I84V --- --- L89V --- --- E92Q --- --- E92K --- --- G140S --- --- Q148H --- --- L74I --- --- E138A --- --- G140A --- --- Y143H --- --- E157Q ---
Description: Compare between arms the proportion of patients maintaining virologic suppression (i.e., no confirmed HIV RNA levels ≥200 copies/mL) at Week 24Measure: Virologic suppression (24 weeks) Time: 24 weeks
Description: Evaluate the proportion of participants who maintain virologic suppression 24 weeks post-switch (i.e. at 24 weeks in the immediate switch arm and at 48 weeks in the delayed switch arm)Measure: Virologic Suppression (48 weeks) Time: 48 weeks
This study will evaluate the potential drug-drug interactions between dolutegravir (DTG) and steady state rifapentine (RPT) when RPT is given with isoniazid (INH) daily for 4 weeks (1HP) as part of treatment for latent TB infection (LTBI) in HIV-1 and LTBI co-infected individuals.
This includes the following INSTI mutations: Q148 substitutions, T66A, L74I/M, E138A/K/T, G140S/A/C, Y143R/C/H, E157Q, G163S/E/K/Q, G193E/R, or N155H. --- T66A --- --- L74I --- --- E138A --- --- G140S --- --- Y143R --- --- E157Q ---
Description: Graded according to the Division of AIDS Table for Grading the Severity of Adult and Pediatric Adverse Events (DAIDS AE Grading Table), corrected Version 2.1, July 2017Measure: Proportion of participants with all adverse events meeting the reporting criteria in the study protocol during administration of DTG with 1HP, by arm Time: Measured through Week 4
Brazil was the first middle-income country to provide free and universal access to antiretroviral drugs to HIV infected individuals. Since 2014 local guidelines recommend that all HIV infected individuals be started on therapy regardless of CD4 count. Since January 2017, all patients are started on a DTG containing triple regimen. As of November 2018, 170,000 individuals were receiving DTG through the public health system. It is a public health priority to evaluate the risk of virologic failure and the subsequent development of INSTI resistance in these real-life settings. Our preliminary data from Brazil indicated a high virologic failure rate of 8% after 18 months of treatment TL+D. Our central hypothesis is that TDR may be associated and contribute to virologic failure with DTG in clinical practice. To test this central hypothesis, we will identify PLWH failing DTG containing regimens in Brazil. The insights generated with these studies will contribute to a more effective use of second generation INSTI in the future.
Six (7.1%) additional individuals presented minor IN resistance mutations: L74I/M (2 cases); G140R+G163R; V151A; V151I; T97A; E157Q; and M50I. --- L74I --- --- V151A --- --- V151I --- --- T97A --- --- E157Q ---
Description: Viral load in patient trated with first line treatment withTenofovir/3TC + DolutegravirMeasure: HIV RNA Viral Load Time: 24 weeks
Description: HIV reverse transcriptase resistance test in virologic failure patientMeasure: HIV transcriptase resitance mutations Time: 24 weeks
Description: HIV transcriptase resistance test in virologic failure patientMeasure: HIV integrase resitance mutations Time: 24 weeks
The objective of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the maintenance of HIV viral suppression, the optimal condition to prevent disease progression, to optimize immune restoration, to prevent the development of viral resistance and to reduce viral transmission. Antiretroviral therapy has to be maintained long life over decades in the absence of strategies for HIV cure. This is why the long-term cumulative toxicity of ARV drugs is a major issue. Indeed as a consequence of potent ART strategies, in 2011 over 88% of patients on ART in the French Hospital database (ANRS CO4 FHDH) achieved viral suppression with HIV-RNA plasma viral load < 50 copies/mL and nearly 60% had CD4 > 500/mm3. As a consequence of massive reduction of mortality and morbidity related to HIV, infected patients are aging with 40% of patients over 50 years of age in the ANRS CO4 FHDH. The current standard-of-care for antiretroviral therapy consists in a triple drug combination with two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) plus either a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), a protease inhibitor (PI), or an integrase inhibitor (INSTI). NRTIs and PIs have been associated to cumulative long-term toxicity such as bone and renal disorders related to tenofovir and increased cardio-vascular risk with PIs. In general population, aging is associated with well-known comorbidities such as bone demineralization, increased incidence of cardio or cerebrovascular disease, diabetes, renal dysfunction. HIV infected patients are at a greater risk for such abnormalities. Another crucial concern is the high probability of drug-drug interactions in HIV-infected patients, between ART and comedications. Alternative strategies are needed, which must address the following questions: how to maintain the control of HIV viral replication while minimizing the occurrence of long-term clinical and metabolic complications, and minimizing the risk of drug-drug interactions? This study is an open label, randomized, switch study over 96 weeks in which virally suppressed patients on a stable combined ART regimen will be randomized (2:1) to an immediate switch to doravirine/raltegravir (immediate switch group) or to the maintaining of their current ART followed by a switch to doravirine/raltegravir at W48 (delayed switch group). Patients will be followed during 96 weeks.
- Mutations associated to doravirine resistance are: V106A/M, Y188L, G190E/S, M230L, F227C, at least 2 among: A98G, L100I, K101E, V106I, E138K, Y181C/V, G190A or H221Y - Mutations associated to raltegravir resistance are: T66A/K, E92Q, G118R, F121Y, G140A/S Y143A/C/G/H/R/S, Q148E/G/H/K/R, V151L, N155H/S/T, E157Q, S230R, R263K, L74 F/I + V75I. --- V106A --- --- Y188L --- --- G190E --- --- M230L --- --- F227C --- --- A98G --- --- L100I --- --- K101E --- --- V106I --- --- E138K --- --- Y181C --- --- G190A --- --- H221Y --- --- T66A --- --- E92Q --- --- G118R --- --- F121Y --- --- G140A --- --- Y143A --- --- Q148E --- --- V151L --- --- N155H --- --- E157Q ---
Description: Measure of plasma viral load assessed by RNA quantification using COBA 6800 system (Roche)Measure: Measure the virological efficacy at week 48 of once daily doravirine plus raltegravir dual therapy to assess the effectiveness of the dual therapy DORAL to maintain the virological success to W48 Time: 48 weeks