There are 4 clinical trials
Current HIV treatment guidelines recommend the use of triple-drug therapy (two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and either a protease inhibitor, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, or an integrase inhibitor) for the treatment of antiretroviral (ARV)-naïve patients. With the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), patients with HIV are living much longer. With the increasing lifespan of persons with HIV, long-term complications from therapy as well as the occurrence of co-morbidities with aging have prompted HCPs to re-think the current treatment paradigm and consider novel combinations of ARVs. All of the currently approved HIV antiretrovirals have been implicated in causing long-term toxicities; however the greatest body of evidence for long-term metabolic effects has implicated the nucleoside reverse transcriptase (NRTI) class. By utilizing a non-NRTI treatment regimen, it is hypothesized that many of these long-term metabolic effects (renal toxicity, bone loss, body fat changes) can be delayed or avoided altogether. The clinical data on novel combinations is currently limited but rapidly growing and has included several combinations that have utilized darunavir. This study will be the first of its kind using the unique combination of darunavir/cobicistat and rilpivirine. Currently, this drug combination is not a recommended option for first time treatment of HIV
Exclusion Criteria 1. Patient with active AIDS-defining opportunistic infection or disease according to the 1993 CDC AIDS surveillance definition (Clinical Category C) in the 30 days prior to baseline and that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude the patient from participating in the study (See Appendix C). 2. Patient has none of the following darunavir-associated RAMs: V11I, V32I, L33F, I47V, I50V, I54L, I54M, T74P, L76V, I84V, L89V 3. Having documented genotypic evidence of NNRTI resistance at screening or from historical data available in the source documents, i.e. at least one of the NNRTI rams from the following list; K101E, K101P, E138A, E138G, E138K, E138R, E138Q, , V179L, Y181C, Y181I, Y181V, Y188L, H221Y, F227C, M230I, M230L, or the combination of the K103N and L100I. --- V11I --- --- V32I --- --- L33F --- --- I47V --- --- I50V --- --- I54L --- --- I54M --- --- T74P --- --- L76V --- --- I84V --- --- L89V --- --- K101E --- --- K101P --- --- E138A --- --- E138G --- --- E138K ---
The objective of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the maintenance of HIV viral suppression, the optimal condition to prevent disease progression, to optimize immune restoration, to prevent the development of viral resistance and to reduce viral transmission. Antiretroviral therapy has to be maintained long life over decades in the absence of strategies for HIV cure. This is why the long-term cumulative toxicity of ARV drugs is a major issue. Indeed as a consequence of potent ART strategies, in 2011 over 88% of patients on ART in the French Hospital database (ANRS CO4 FHDH) achieved viral suppression with HIV-RNA plasma viral load < 50 copies/mL and nearly 60% had CD4 > 500/mm3. As a consequence of massive reduction of mortality and morbidity related to HIV, infected patients are aging with 40% of patients over 50 years of age in the ANRS CO4 FHDH. The current standard-of-care for antiretroviral therapy consists in a triple drug combination with two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) plus either a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), a protease inhibitor (PI), or an integrase inhibitor (INSTI). NRTIs and PIs have been associated to cumulative long-term toxicity such as bone and renal disorders related to tenofovir and increased cardio-vascular risk with PIs. In general population, aging is associated with well-known comorbidities such as bone demineralization, increased incidence of cardio or cerebrovascular disease, diabetes, renal dysfunction. HIV infected patients are at a greater risk for such abnormalities. Another crucial concern is the high probability of drug-drug interactions in HIV-infected patients, between ART and comedications. Alternative strategies are needed, which must address the following questions: how to maintain the control of HIV viral replication while minimizing the occurrence of long-term clinical and metabolic complications, and minimizing the risk of drug-drug interactions? This study is an open label, randomized, switch study over 96 weeks in which virally suppressed patients on a stable combined ART regimen will be randomized (2:1) to an immediate switch to doravirine/raltegravir (immediate switch group) or to the maintaining of their current ART followed by a switch to doravirine/raltegravir at W48 (delayed switch group). Patients will be followed during 96 weeks.
- Mutations associated to doravirine resistance are: V106A/M, Y188L, G190E/S, M230L, F227C, at least 2 among: A98G, L100I, K101E, V106I, E138K, Y181C/V, G190A or H221Y - Mutations associated to raltegravir resistance are: T66A/K, E92Q, G118R, F121Y, G140A/S Y143A/C/G/H/R/S, Q148E/G/H/K/R, V151L, N155H/S/T, E157Q, S230R, R263K, L74 F/I + V75I. --- V106A --- --- Y188L --- --- G190E --- --- M230L --- --- F227C --- --- A98G --- --- L100I --- --- K101E --- --- V106I --- --- E138K ---
Description: Measure of plasma viral load assessed by RNA quantification using COBA 6800 system (Roche)Measure: Measure the virological efficacy at week 48 of once daily doravirine plus raltegravir dual therapy to assess the effectiveness of the dual therapy DORAL to maintain the virological success to W48 Time: 48 weeks
The goal of the study is to combine a collaborative and translational approach to evaluate the effect antiretroviral regimen switch to a dolutegravir containing regimen compared to continued treatment with a non- dolutegravir based regimen on on lipid and metabolic profiles, renal function, body composition, vascular function and diet.
Inclusion Criteria: Subjects must meet the following criteria to be eligible for participation in this study: - Age greater than or equal to 18 years with HIV-1 who have been virologically suppressed (HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies for greater than or equal to 3 months on a non-integrase strand transfer inhibitor-based regimen - Have the ability to understand and sign an informed consent written in the English language Exclusion Criteria: Subjects meeting any of the following exclusion criteria are not to be enrolled in this study: - Age less than 18 years without HIV-1 infection - Has hypersensitivity or other contraindication to any of the components of the study - Has active diagnosis of untreated hepatitis due to any cause - Has a history or current evidence of any condition, laboratory abnormality or other circumstance ( including drug or alcohol use or dependence) that might confound the results of the study or interfere with the subject's participation for the full duration of the study - Is taking or is anticipated to require long term systemic immunosuppressive therapy, immune modulators, or any prohibited therapies from 60 days prior to Screening/Day 1 visit through to the end of study - Has documented or suspected dolutegravir-associated resistance mutations specifically: Q148H/K/R/N in combination with E138K or G1402/A or N155H. --- Q148H --- --- E138K ---
Description: Change from baseline kilograms (kg) of weight at 24 weeksMeasure: Change in Weight Time: 24 weeks
Description: Total change in body mass index -height and weight will be combined to report BMI (Kilogram/Height in centimeters^2)Measure: Change in body mass index (BMI) Time: 24 weeks
Description: Change from baseline vessel diameter (millimeters) at 24 weeksMeasure: Change in vascular endothelial function Time: 24 weeks
Description: Measurement of height (centimeters) from baseline to 24 weeksMeasure: Height Time: 24 weeks
Description: Change from baseline cholesterol (mg/dL) at 24 weeksMeasure: Change in cholesterol Time: 24 weeks
Description: Change from baseline triglycerides (mg/dL) at 24 weeksMeasure: Change in triglycerides Time: 24 weeks
Description: Change from baseline HDL (mg/dL) at 24 weeksMeasure: Change in high density lipoprotein (HDL) Time: 24 weeks
Description: Change from baseline LDL (mg/dL) at 24 weeksMeasure: Change in low density lipoprotein (LDL) Time: 24 weeks
Description: Change from baseline HIV-1 viral load (copies) at 24 weeksMeasure: Change in HIV-1 RNA viral load Time: 24 weeks
Description: Change from baseline serum glucose level (mg/dL) at 24 weeksMeasure: Change in fasting serum glucose level Time: 24 weeks
Description: Change from baseline of calorie consumption (kcal) at 24 weeksMeasure: Change in quantity of food consumption Time: 24 weeks
For patients who are starting to take antiretroviral medication (to treat HIV) for the first time, there are now a variety of different medicines which may be taken together as a combination in order to form an effective treatment which suppresses the virus for prolonged periods of time. Currently, national guidelines recommend the use of two different drugs of one type (the nucleoside/ nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors, NRTI often known as "nukes") with a third drug from one of two other types (either a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, known as an NNRTI or "nonnuke", or a protease inhibitor, known as a PI) to form a treatment regime of three active drugs. In the UK and Europe, all PIs are given in combination with a small dose of a second PI, ritonavir, which has the effect of boosting the levels of the active PI in the bloodstream. The investigators know from both research studies and patient experience in clinic that a combination of a ritonavirboosted PI with an NNRTI achieves similar results in suppressing the HIV virus, compared to the use of either a PI or NNRTI with 2 NRTI as described above. In this study, the investigators will observe the combination of two licensed antiretroviral medications, ritonavirboosted darunavir(DRV/r) and rilpivirine (RPV), in suppressing virus when given to patients who are commencing treatment for HIV infection for the first time. Both of these drugs are licensed for treatment of patients with HIV in the UK and Europe, and are currently in standard clinical use. The study will monitor this treatment over the first 48 weeks. The investigators will also examine the levels of both drugs in the bloodstream during the first 4 weeks of starting this regimen, to confirm that they remain at levels which the investigators know to be effective against the virus.
- Disallowed concomitant medication as per the summary of product characteristics for darunavir or rilpivirine (see section 5.2). - Any genotypic resistance mutations on screening or prior tests to darunavir (V11I, V32I, L33F, I47V, I50V, I54M, I54L, T74P, L76V, I84V and L89V) or rilpivirine (K101E, K101P, E138A, E138G, E138K, E138R, E138Q, V179L, Y181C, Y181I, Y181V, H221Y, F227C, M230I, and M230L). --- V11I --- --- V32I --- --- L33F --- --- I47V --- --- I50V --- --- I54M --- --- I54L --- --- T74P --- --- L76V --- --- I84V --- --- L89V --- --- K101E --- --- K101P --- --- E138A --- --- E138G --- --- E138K ---
Description: To describe the rate of virologic suppression after 48 weeks of therapy with the study regime. This will be measured by the proportion of patients with HIV-1 RNA ≤ 40 copies/mL at week 48Measure: Virologic suppression after 48 weeks of therapy with the study regime Time: 48 weeks
Description: The proportion of enrolled patients with a reduction from baseline in HIV-1 RNA >1 log10 copies /mL at weeks 4, 8, 12 and proportion with HIV-1 RNA ≤400 copies/mL at week 24.Measure: To explore the virologic response to this combination rilpivirine and ritonavir-boosted darunavir at weeks 4, 8, 12 and 24 of therapy. Time: 24 weeks
Description: The PK parameters (Cmax, C24, AUC0-24, and t1/2) for darunavir, rilpivirine and ritonavir at steady-state on day 28Measure: To investigate the plasma pharmacokinetics of darunavir, ritonavir and rilpivirine when given in combination Time: Day 28