There are 2 clinical trials
The objective of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the maintenance of HIV viral suppression, the optimal condition to prevent disease progression, to optimize immune restoration, to prevent the development of viral resistance and to reduce viral transmission. Antiretroviral therapy has to be maintained long life over decades in the absence of strategies for HIV cure. This is why the long-term cumulative toxicity of ARV drugs is a major issue. Indeed as a consequence of potent ART strategies, in 2011 over 88% of patients on ART in the French Hospital database (ANRS CO4 FHDH) achieved viral suppression with HIV-RNA plasma viral load < 50 copies/mL and nearly 60% had CD4 > 500/mm3. As a consequence of massive reduction of mortality and morbidity related to HIV, infected patients are aging with 40% of patients over 50 years of age in the ANRS CO4 FHDH. The current standard-of-care for antiretroviral therapy consists in a triple drug combination with two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) plus either a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI), a protease inhibitor (PI), or an integrase inhibitor (INSTI). NRTIs and PIs have been associated to cumulative long-term toxicity such as bone and renal disorders related to tenofovir and increased cardio-vascular risk with PIs. In general population, aging is associated with well-known comorbidities such as bone demineralization, increased incidence of cardio or cerebrovascular disease, diabetes, renal dysfunction. HIV infected patients are at a greater risk for such abnormalities. Another crucial concern is the high probability of drug-drug interactions in HIV-infected patients, between ART and comedications. Alternative strategies are needed, which must address the following questions: how to maintain the control of HIV viral replication while minimizing the occurrence of long-term clinical and metabolic complications, and minimizing the risk of drug-drug interactions? This study is an open label, randomized, switch study over 96 weeks in which virally suppressed patients on a stable combined ART regimen will be randomized (2:1) to an immediate switch to doravirine/raltegravir (immediate switch group) or to the maintaining of their current ART followed by a switch to doravirine/raltegravir at W48 (delayed switch group). Patients will be followed during 96 weeks.
- Mutations associated to doravirine resistance are: V106A/M, Y188L, G190E/S, M230L, F227C, at least 2 among: A98G, L100I, K101E, V106I, E138K, Y181C/V, G190A or H221Y - Mutations associated to raltegravir resistance are: T66A/K, E92Q, G118R, F121Y, G140A/S Y143A/C/G/H/R/S, Q148E/G/H/K/R, V151L, N155H/S/T, E157Q, S230R, R263K, L74 F/I + V75I. --- V106A --- --- Y188L --- --- G190E ---
Description: Measure of plasma viral load assessed by RNA quantification using COBA 6800 system (Roche)Measure: Measure the virological efficacy at week 48 of once daily doravirine plus raltegravir dual therapy to assess the effectiveness of the dual therapy DORAL to maintain the virological success to W48 Time: 48 weeks
Weight gain following antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation occurs with all modern regimens. Recent real-world reports suggest that integrase strand transfer inhibitor (INSTI)-based ART may be associated with excess weight gain compared to other regimens. Weight gain appears to occur regardless of baseline weight, and is most pronounced among women and minorities, often those at highest risk of obesity-associated comorbidities. INSTI- and TAF-based regimens are now preferred regimens for most persons according to the Department of Health and Human Services ART-Treatment Guidelines. As a result, there is an urgent need to understand the underlying mechanisms for this weight gain. This study aims to understand the changes in energy balance that occur with changes in ART. Participants with HIV who have experienced >10% weight gain on INSTI (bictegravir or dolutegravir-based therapy) will be switched to doravirine for 12 weeks, and then back to their prior INSTI regimen, allowing for assessment of changes in metabolic parameters with drug withdrawal and reintroduction (with no change to NRTI-backbone). Twenty-four hour energy balance will be measured on both regimens during a 24-hour stay using a whole room indirect calorimetry, with a standardized diet. Ultimately, the investigator's goal is to understand the mechanisms of weight gain so that future interventions can most effectively mitigate ART-associated weight changes.
- Severe claustrophobia that would limit ability of participant to remain in the whole room calorimeter - Known resistance to any component of the study drugs, including detection of any of the following resistance mutations on prior HIV genotype test (genotype testing not required if not available): Doravirine resistance: V106A, V106I, V106T, V106M, Y188C, Y188H, Y188L, G190E, P225H, F227C, F227L, F227R, M230L, L234I Resistance to NRTIs: K65R, K65E, K65N, T69S (insertion complex), K70E, L74V, Y115F, Q151M, M184I, M184V. --- V106A --- --- V106I --- --- V106T --- --- V106M --- --- Y188C --- --- Y188H --- --- Y188L --- --- G190E ---
Description: Change in total energy expenditure (kcal/day)Measure: Change in energy balance Time: 24 weeks