There is one clinical trial.
The hysteroscopy used was rigid continuous flow diagnostic hysteroscopy (Tuttligen, Karl Storz, Germany). It has a 30o panoramic optic which is 4mm in diameter and the diagnostic continuous flow outer sheath is 6.5 mm in diameter. The patient was placed in lithotomy position with the buttocks projecting slightly beyond the table edge. A reflex camera (Olympus) with an objective that has a focal length varies from f70 to f140 together with (Karl Storz) special zoom length, adapter to Hopkins telescope and a suitable cableware used with computer flash unit. The hysteroscopic picture which appeared through the optic, transmitted on the monitor by the camera which is fitted on the eyepiece of the optic where the panoramic diagnostic hysteroscopy could be informed with better visualization and accuracy. The light generator which is a metal halide automatic light source with a 150 watt lamp (model G71A,Circon ACMI, Germany) was switched on and the high cable was attached to the hysteroscope. Dilatation of the cervix was avoided whenever possible to avoid leakage of the medium into the vagina. The hysteroscope was then introduced into the external os and advanced under vision along the axis of cervical canal. Once the cavity was entered, an overview of the uterine cavity was performed. This was followed by systematic examination for fundus then tubal ostia on both sides then the uterine wall through slow rotatory movements of the telescope. Diagnostic laparoscopy was done in the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle .The patients were placed in the dorsal lithotomy position to allow vaginal access for uterine manipulation; the legs positioned so that the thighs are slightly flexed no more than 90o from the plane of the abdomen. The patient was placed in the complete horizontal position, Veress needle was placed through the umbilicus and into the peritoneal cavity, the primary trocar with sleeve (5mm in diameter) was placed at a similar angle in to the Veress needle. Secondary trocars were used, 2 secondary trocars were placed. The trocars were placed laterally, approximately 8 cm from the midline and 8 cm above the pubic symphysis to avoid the epigastric, vessels which are 5.5 cm from the midline at this level. Then laparoscopic dye chromotubation was performed
The light generator which is a metal halide automatic light source with a 150 watt lamp (model G71A,Circon ACMI, Germany) was switched on and the high cable was attached to the hysteroscope. --- G71A ---
Description: tubal patency tested through transcervical dye injection during laparoscopyMeasure: tubal pathology Time: 6 months after hsterosalpingogram