Late-life depression (LLD) and cognitive impairment (CI) are significant public health problems among older adults, and their co-occurrence markedly increases disease burden and dementia risk. This highlights the importance of identifying and treating CI in LDD; however, current lack of reliable prognostic information from clinical, neuroimaging, and genetic data impedes research on targeted prevention and treatment. Two critical ways to close current knowledge gaps in predicting cognitive diagnostic outcomes of LLD involve: 1) increasing the number of diagnostic cases available to existing studies, and 2) using those studies to identify clinical, imaging, and genetic predictors that will improve future diagnosis. We intend to do both in the current proposal. We plan to study the following SPECIFIC AIMS: Aim 1: Identify baseline clinical-behavioral predictors of cognitive diagnostic outcomes in LLD. Working hypothesis: During acute LLD, CN will be associated with more frequent EOD and higher negative life stress than PCI and AD; PCI will be associated with EOD and higher frailty than CN and AD; AD will be associated with LOD, greater appetite loss, lower anxiety, and greater memory impairment than CN and PCI. Aim 2: Use multimodal neuroimaging at baseline to identify patterns associated with cognitive diagnostic outcomes in individuals with LLD. Working Hypothesis: CN will be associated with greater white matter integrity compared with PCI and AD; PCI will be associated with lower white matter integrity and network abnormalities in anterior cingulate cortex compared with CN; AD will be associated with lower hippocampal volume compared with CN and PCI. Aim 3: (exploratory): Explore interrelationships among candidate genes, cognitive diagnostic outcomes, and proposed phenotypic components relevant to LLD. Exploratory Hypotheses: 1) COMT val158met polymorphism will be associated with CN; 2) 5-HTTPRL and APOE ε2 polymorphisms will be associated with frailty; 3) genetic variation (SNPs) in TPH2 and AGTR1 will be associated with risk factors of AD: LOD, episodic memory, hippocampal volume, and appetite loss.
There is one SNP
Exploratory Hypotheses: 1) COMT val158met polymorphism will be associated with CN; 2) 5-HTTPRL and APOE ε2 polymorphisms will be associated with frailty; 3) genetic variation (SNPs) in TPH2 and AGTR1 will be associated with risk factors of AD: LOD, episodic memory, hippocampal volume, and appetite loss. --- val158met ---
Specifically, CN individuals will have earlier first onset of depression (EOD) relative to AD, more negative life stress during acute depression compared with AD and PCI, and greater white matter integrity; CN will also be associated with the AA genotype of the COMT val158met polymorphism, which may confer both neuroprotection and higher stress sensitivity. --- val158met ---