There is one clinical trial.
The tumors that cause oncogenic osteomalacia (TIO) express and release in the circulation phosphaturic factors such as fibroblast growth factor-23 (FGF-23) that decrease renal phosphate absorption through acting in the proximal renal tubule and decreasing Type 2a and 2c sodium-phosphate co-transporter. They typically follow a benign clinical course and even in the rare malignant cases, local recurrence occurs in less than 5% and distant metastasis are very uncommon. In this study we aim to investigate the role of other molecular pathways such as ERK1, ERK2, mTOR, EGFR, MEK1, MEK2, VEGFR3, AKT1, AKT2, IGFR-1, IGFR-2, PDGFRA, PDGFRB, cMET, FGFR2, apart from FGF23, KLOTHO and PHEX, in the behavior of histopathologically benign mesenchymal phosphaturic tumors.
A universal Reference RNA consisting of 10 human cancer cell lines (740000-41; Agilent) as well as human genomic DNA (G304A; Promega) will be used in quantitative PCR (qPCR) reactions Statistical analysis The qPCR results will be tested according to the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test; All the reactions (molecular assays, flow cytometry) are performed in triplicates. --- G304A ---