SNPMiner Trials by Shray Alag


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Report for Mutation K238N

Developed by Shray Alag, 2020.
SNP Clinical Trial Gene

There are 2 clinical trials

Clinical Trials


1 Prospective Clinical Trial to Assess Safety and Efficacy of DRV/r(TMC 114/r), ETV(TMC 125) and MK-0518 in Addition to OBT in HIV-1 Infected Patients With Limited to No Treatment Options ANRS 139 TRIO

The purpose of this study is to look at the safety and efficacy of a combination of 3 new antiretroviral drugs: darunavir, etravirine and MK-0518 (raltegravir) in patients who have multi-resistant viruses and limited treatment options. An optimized background regimen that may include nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and enfuvirtide can be added, if possible, to this combination. Patients will undergo treatment for 48 weeks and virological efficacy will be evaluated at week 24.

NCT00460382 HIV Infections Drug: raltegravir potassium Drug: darunavir/ritonavir Drug: etravirine Drug: Optimized background regimen
MeSH: HIV Infections

- Genotypic resistance testing at the screening visit: - Protease inhibitor mutations: over or equal to 3 primary protease inhibitor mutations among: D30N, V32I, L33F, M46I/L, I47A/V, G48V, I50L/V, I54M, L76V, V82A/F/L/T/S, I84V, N88S and L90M (IAS list 2006) but below or equal to 3 mutations among the following: V11I, V32I, L33F, I47V, I50V, I54L/M, G73S, L76V, I84V et L89V (virus sensitivity to darunavir/ritonavir). - Reverse transcriptase mutations: over or equal to 3 NRTI mutations (among IAS list) and below or equal to 3 mutations among: A98G, L100I, K101Q/P/E, K103H/N/S/T, V106A/M, V108I, E138G/K/Q, V179D/E/F/G/I, Y181C/I/V/C/H/L, Y188C/H/L, G190A/C/E/Q/S, P225H, F227C/L, M230I/L, P236L, K238N/T and Y318F (virus sensitivity to etravirine) Exclusion Criteria: - Non effective barrier contraception in women of child bearing potential - Pregnant women or women who are breastfeeding - Opportunistic infection at the acute phase - Decompensated cirrhosis (stage B or C of Child-Pugh score) - Malignancy requiring chemotherapy or radiotherapy - Contraindicated medications being taken by the patient (listed in protocol) - Allergy to the active substances and expedients of darunavir, etravirine and raltegravir. --- D30N --- --- V32I --- --- L33F --- --- M46I --- --- I47A --- --- G48V --- --- I50L --- --- I54M --- --- L76V --- --- V82A --- --- I84V --- --- N88S --- --- L90M --- --- V11I --- --- V32I --- --- L33F --- --- I47V --- --- I50V --- --- I54L --- --- G73S --- --- L76V --- --- I84V --- --- L89V --- --- A98G --- --- L100I --- --- K101Q --- --- K103H --- --- V106A --- --- V108I --- --- E138G --- --- V179D --- --- Y181C --- --- Y188C --- --- G190A --- --- P225H --- --- F227C --- --- M230I --- --- P236L --- --- K238N ---

Primary Outcomes

Measure: Proportion of patients with HIV RNA levels of less than 50 copies/ml in an intent to treat analysis at week 24

Time: week 24

Secondary Outcomes

Measure: Proportions of patients with HIV RNA levels of less than 50 copies/ml at week 48, with HIV RNA levels of less than 400 copies/ml at weeks 24 and 48

Time: week 24 and 48

Measure: HIV RNA level evolution between baseline and week 48

Time: from week 0 to 48

Measure: HIV proviral DNA and 2LTR circle HIV DNA between baseline and week 48

Time: from week 0 to 48

Measure: Number and type of resistance mutations in case of virologic failure occurrence

Time: from week 0 to 48

Measure: CD4 lymphocyte count and proportion evolution between baseline and week 48

Time: from week 0 to 48

Measure: HIV infection progression

Time: from week 0 to 48

Measure: Frequency of the study regimen modifications and interruption

Time: from week 0 to 48

Measure: Study regimen tolerance

Time: from week 0 to 48

Measure: Study regimen adherence

Time: from week 0 to 48

Measure: Association between study drugs' minimum concentrations at week 4 and week 12 and virologic success at week 24

Time: from week 4 to 24

Measure: Evolution of pharmacokinetics parameters of study drugs in the PK substudy

Time: betwwen week 1 and 4

2 Antiretroviral Activity and Tolerability of Once Daily Etravirine in Treatment-Naïve Adults With HIV-1 Infection

The main study is a single arm, open-label, prospective study to assess antiretroviral activity and tolerability of etravirine (TMC-125) 400 mg once daily, given with fixed-dose tenofovir/emtricitabine, in treatment-naïve HIV-1-infected men and women. There are also a genital secretions pharmacokinetic (PK) sub-study and a metabolic sub-study. The purpose of the genital secretions PK sub-study is to gain information about drug levels and HIV-1 RNA in genital secretions when subjects are taking etravirine. The purpose of the metabolic sub-study is to learn about the effects of etravirine on body composition, as well as lipid and glucose levels.

NCT00959894 HIV Infections Drug: Etravirine (Intelence) Drug: Truvada
MeSH: Infection Communicable Diseases HIV Infections Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Any of the following nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) mutations: V90I, A98G, L100I, K101E/H/P/Q, K103H/S/T, V106A/I/M, V108I, E138A/G/K/Q, V179D/E/F/G/I/T, Y181C/I/V, Y188C/H/L, V189I, G190A/C/E/Q/S, H221Y, P225H, F227C/L, M230I/L, P236L, K238N/T, K103N. --- V90I --- --- A98G --- --- L100I --- --- K101E --- --- K103H --- --- V106A --- --- V108I --- --- E138A --- --- V179D --- --- Y181C --- --- Y188C --- --- V189I --- --- G190A --- --- H221Y --- --- P225H --- --- F227C --- --- M230I --- --- P236L --- --- K238N ---

Primary Outcomes

Description: The primary study endpoint was the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/ml at Week 24 of study participation. The per-protocol primary analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures. Achievement of HIV-1 viral load below 50 copies/ml was defined as having HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/ml during the Week 24 analysis window (>18 and <30 weeks post-entry).

Measure: The Antiretroviral Activity of Etravirine 400 mg Given Once Daily, With Fixed-dose Truvada Once Daily, Among Treatment-naïve HIV-1 Infected Adults as Measured by the Percentage of Participants With HIV RNA < 50 Copies/mL at Week 24

Time: 24 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Description: This secondary outcome assessed the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/ml at Week 48 of study treatment. The per-protocol analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures.

Measure: The Proportion of Participants With HIV RNA <50 Copies/mL at Week 48 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 48 weeks

Description: This secondary outcome assessed the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/ml at Week 96 of study treatment. The per-protocol analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures.

Measure: The Proportion of Participants With HIV RNA <50 Copies/mL at Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 96 weeks

Description: This secondary outcome assessed the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA <200 copies/ml at Week 24 of study treatment. The per-protocol analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures.

Measure: The Proportion of Participants With HIV RNA <200 Copies/mL at Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 24 weeks

Description: This secondary outcome assessed the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA <200 copies/ml at Week 48 of study treatment. The per-protocol analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures.

Measure: The Proportion of Participants With HIV RNA <200 Copies/mL at Week 48 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 48 weeks

Description: This secondary outcome assessed the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA 200 copies/ml at Week 96 of study treatment. The per-protocol analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures.

Measure: The Proportion of Participants With HIV RNA <200 Copies/mL at Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 96 weeks

Description: The per-protocol analysis of change in CD4+ cell count from baseline to Week 24 was calculated using the measurement closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and quantified with an estimated median and distribution-free 95% confidence interval (CI).

Measure: Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Baseline to Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 24 weeks

Description: The per-protocol intention-to-treat analysis of change in CD4+ cell count from baseline to Week 48 was calculated using the measurement closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and quantified with an estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Baseline to Week 48 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 48 weeks

Description: The per-protocol intention-to-treat analysis of change in CD4+ cell count from baseline to Week 96 was calculated using the measurement closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and quantified with an estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Baseline to Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 96 weeks

Description: Per-protocol, genotype testing was conducted at confirmation of virologic failure if the confirmatory HIV-1 RNA was above the laboratory-specified threshold of 500 copies/mL. HIV-1 genotype was determined using the TRUGENE® HIV-1 assay (Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics, Tarrytown, NY)

Measure: Resistance Mutations in the Subset of Patients With Confirmed Virologic Failure Who Have HIV RNA >500 Copies/mL and Genotype Resistance Results

Time: 96 weeks

Description: The safety/tolerability endpoint was defined as the first grade 3 or higher sign, symptom or laboratory abnormality that was at least one grade higher than baseline among participants ever exposed to etravirine (regardless of treatment status), or permanent discontinuation of etravirine due to any toxicity (regardless of grade). Modification of tenofovir/emtricitabine was not a safety/tolerability event. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the proportion of participants ever exposed to etravirine who remained event-free through Week 96, with a 95% CI using Greenwood's variance estimate and a log-log transformation. Time was handled as continuous (weeks from treatment start to event or censoring).

Measure: Tolerability of Etravirine in HIV-1 Infected Adults Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy

Time: 96 weeks

Description: The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the proportion of participants ever exposed to etravirine who remained event-free through Week 96, with a 95% CI using Greenwood's variance estimate and a log-log transformation. Time was handled as continuous (weeks from treatment start to event or censoring).

Measure: Probability of Remaining Free of a Safety/Tolerability Event at 96 Weeks

Time: 96 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Changes in total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and fasting blood glucose from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range.

Measure: Change in the Lipid Profile and Glucose Metabolism, in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 24 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and was calculated as [fasting insulin (µU/mL) × fasting glucose (mmol/L)]/22.5. Changes from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range.

Measure: Change in Glucose Metabolism (Insulin Resistance), in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 24 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Changes in total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and fasting blood glucose from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range.

Measure: Change in the Lipid Profile and Glucose Metabolism, in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 48 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 48 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and was calculated as [fasting insulin (µU/mL) × fasting glucose (mmol/L)]/22.5. Changes from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range.

Measure: Change in Glucose Metabolism (Insulin Resistance), in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 48 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 48 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Changes in total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and fasting blood glucose from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range. Insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and was calculated as [fasting insulin (µU/mL) × fasting glucose (mmol/L)]/22.5.

Measure: Change in the Lipid Profile and Glucose Metabolism, in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 96 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and was calculated as [fasting insulin (µU/mL) × fasting glucose (mmol/L)]/22.5. Changes from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range.

Measure: Change in Glucose Metabolism (Insulin Resistance), in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 96 weeks

Description: Changes from baseline to follow-up in limb fat, trunk fat, total body fat, and lean mass were calculated. Whole body Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scans (Hologic Discovery W, Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA) were conducted at baseline, Week 24, and Week 96 to assess body fat distribution. Calculations of change from baseline to follow-up used the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in Limb and Trunk Fat Distribution as Measured by DEXA Scan, in the Same Subgroup of up to 40 Participants (as in Aim 8), From Baseline to Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 24 weeks

Description: Changes from baseline to follow-up in limb fat, trunk fat, total body fat, and lean mass were calculated. Whole body Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scans (Hologic Discovery W, Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA) were conducted at baseline, Week 24, and Week 96 to assess body fat distribution. Calculations of change from baseline to follow-up used the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in Limb and Trunk Fat Distribution as Measured by DEXA Scan, in the Same Subgroup of up to 40 Participants (as in Aim 8), From Baseline to Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 96 weeks

Description: Change from baseline to follow-up in fat mass ratio was calculated. Whole body Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scans (Hologic Discovery W, Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA) were conducted at baseline, Week 24, and Week 96 to assess body fat distribution. Fat mass ratio was calculated as the ratio of trunk fat percentage and lower limb fat percentage (% trunk fat mass / % lower limb fat mass). Calculations of change from baseline to follow-up used the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in Fat Mass Ratio as Measured by DEXA Scan, in the Same Subgroup of up to 40 Participants (as in Aim 8), From Baseline to Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 24 weeks

Description: This secondary outcome measure assessed the ratio of semen:plasma concentration of etravirine in paired semen and plasma samples collected from 14 male participants at Week 4 of treatment with etravirine and fixed dose tenofovir/emtricitabine.

Measure: Pharmacokinetics of Etravirine in Genital Secretions of up to 10 Men and up to 10 Women at Week 4 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 4 weeks

Description: Change from baseline to follow-up in fat mass ratio was calculated. Whole body Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scans (Hologic Discovery W, Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA) were conducted at baseline, Week 24, and Week 96 to assess body fat distribution. Fat mass ratio was calculated as the ratio of trunk fat percentage and lower limb fat percentage (% trunk fat mass / % lower limb fat mass). Calculations of change from baseline to follow-up used the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in Fat Mass Ratio as Measured by DEXA Scan, in the Same Subgroup of up to 40 Participants (as in Aim 8), From Baseline to Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 96 weeks

Description: Population pharmacokinetics were calculated using sparse sampling. Plasma concentrations of etravirine measured in samples from participants who provided blood samples at multiple study visits, with variation in sampling times relative to dosing of etravirine used to cover the spectrum of the dosing schedule. Model simulations and fitting were performed with NONMEM ® 7.3. (ICON, plc) and model exploration was performed with Berkeley Madonna (Berkeley, CA, USA)

Measure: Population Pharmacokinetics of Etravirine 400 mg Once Daily, in Combination With Fixed-dose Emtricitabine-tenofovir Among Treatment-naïve HIV-1 Infected Adults

Time: At or after 4 weeks

Description: Population pharmacokinetics were calculated using sparse sampling. Plasma concentrations of etravirine measured in samples from participants who provided blood samples at multiple study visits, with variation in sampling times relative to dosing of etravirine used to cover the spectrum of the dosing schedule. Model simulations and fitting were performed with NONMEM ® 7.3. (ICON, plc) and model exploration was performed with Berkeley Madonna (Berkeley, CA, USA)

Measure: Population Pharmacokinetics of Etravirine 400 mg Once Daily, in Combination With Fixed-dose Emtricitabine-tenofovir Among Treatment-naïve HIV-1 Infected Adults: Etravirine AUC-24 Hours at Steady State

Time: At or after 4 weeks


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