There are 3 clinical trials
This study is a Phase II single arm, open-label, multicenter, study of 50 human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV) infected adult patients, all of whom will receive etravirine (ETR) 400mg and DRV/r 800/100mg each given orally once daily. This trial is designed to evaluate the efficacy of the aforementioned ARV regimen, as measured by the percentage of patients with HIV RNA <50 copies/mL at 48 weeks, in early treatment-experienced HIV-infected patients. In addition to general safety parameter measurements, this trial will also assess changes in metabolic, inflammatory, immune restoration, and bone markers. Screening will occur over a 6-week period. The primary endpoint will be assessed at Week 48, and the treatment period is 48 weeks. The end of study endpoint will be met by either completing the Week 48 visit, or by early termination from the study for any reason.
Inclusion Criteria: - Male or female patients, aged 18 years or above - Patients with documented HIV-1 infection - On current HAART regimen for at least 12 weeks continuous duration at screening, and with an HIV-1 plasma viral load above 500 HIV-1 RNA copies/mL by site's currently utilized viral load assay (Note: For the purposes of this study, HAART is defined as treatment with a combination of 3 or more HIV antiretroviral medications from at least 2 different classes of medications (NRTIs, NNRTIs, PIs, integrase inhibitors, CCR5 antagonists, fusion inhibitors)) - No more than 2 previous virologic failures while on PI-containing HAART regimens where virologic failure is generally defined as either a lack of suppression of the subjects' viral load to lower limit of quantification (per standard assay historically used in care) after 24 weeks of treatment or, rebound of a previously suppressed viral load (undetectable per investigator's standard of care) to detectable limits and without demonstrated re-suppression on the same regimen - Demonstrated phenotypic sensitivity to both etravirine and darunavir based on resistance testing at Screening (FC= 2.9 for etravirine and FC = 10.0 for darunavir using the PhenoSense GT) - The absence of all of the following Resistance Associated Mutations (RAMS) at baseline: For Darunavir: V11I, V32I, L33F, I47V, I50V, I54L/M, T74P, L76V, I84V, L89V - For Etravirine: L100I, E138A, I167V, V179D, V179F, Y181I, Y181V, G190S - 7. CD4 count = 50 cells/mm3. --- V11I --- --- V32I --- --- L33F --- --- I47V --- --- I50V --- --- I54L --- --- T74P --- --- L76V --- --- I84V --- --- L89V --- --- L100I --- --- E138A --- --- I167V --- --- V179D --- --- V179F --- --- Y181I --- --- Y181V ---
Description: CVR is defined as confirmed plasma Viral Load of less than 50 human immunodeficiency virus - type 1 (HIV-1) ribonucleic acid (RNA) copies/mL.Measure: Number of Participants With Confirmed Virologic Response (CVR) at Week 48 Time: Week 48
Description: CVR is defined as confirmed plasma Viral Load of less than 50 human immunodeficiency virus - type 1 (HIV-1) ribonucleic acid (RNA) copies/mL.Measure: Time to Reach First Confirmed Virologic Response Time: Baseline (Day 1) to Week 48
Description: Virologic Failure is defined as participant who is a rebounder or a non-responder. Rebounder participant is defined as a participant who is still in the study at Week 12 and first achieves 2 consecutive virologic responses (<50 copies/mL) followed by 2 consecutive non-responses or a discontinued participant (any reason) for which the last observed time point shows a non-response. Non responder participant is defined as a participant who is still in the study at Week 12 and never achieves 2 consecutive responses.Measure: Number of Participants With Virologic Failure Time: Baseline (Day 1) to Week 48
For patients who are starting to take antiretroviral medication (to treat HIV) for the first time, there are now a variety of different medicines which may be taken together as a combination in order to form an effective treatment which suppresses the virus for prolonged periods of time. Currently, national guidelines recommend the use of two different drugs of one type (the nucleoside/ nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors, NRTI often known as "nukes") with a third drug from one of two other types (either a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, known as an NNRTI or "nonnuke", or a protease inhibitor, known as a PI) to form a treatment regime of three active drugs. In the UK and Europe, all PIs are given in combination with a small dose of a second PI, ritonavir, which has the effect of boosting the levels of the active PI in the bloodstream. The investigators know from both research studies and patient experience in clinic that a combination of a ritonavirboosted PI with an NNRTI achieves similar results in suppressing the HIV virus, compared to the use of either a PI or NNRTI with 2 NRTI as described above. In this study, the investigators will observe the combination of two licensed antiretroviral medications, ritonavirboosted darunavir(DRV/r) and rilpivirine (RPV), in suppressing virus when given to patients who are commencing treatment for HIV infection for the first time. Both of these drugs are licensed for treatment of patients with HIV in the UK and Europe, and are currently in standard clinical use. The study will monitor this treatment over the first 48 weeks. The investigators will also examine the levels of both drugs in the bloodstream during the first 4 weeks of starting this regimen, to confirm that they remain at levels which the investigators know to be effective against the virus.
- Disallowed concomitant medication as per the summary of product characteristics for darunavir or rilpivirine (see section 5.2). - Any genotypic resistance mutations on screening or prior tests to darunavir (V11I, V32I, L33F, I47V, I50V, I54M, I54L, T74P, L76V, I84V and L89V) or rilpivirine (K101E, K101P, E138A, E138G, E138K, E138R, E138Q, V179L, Y181C, Y181I, Y181V, H221Y, F227C, M230I, and M230L). --- V11I --- --- V32I --- --- L33F --- --- I47V --- --- I50V --- --- I54M --- --- I54L --- --- T74P --- --- L76V --- --- I84V --- --- L89V --- --- K101E --- --- K101P --- --- E138A --- --- E138G --- --- E138K --- --- E138R --- --- E138Q --- --- V179L --- --- Y181C --- --- Y181I --- --- Y181V ---
Description: To describe the rate of virologic suppression after 48 weeks of therapy with the study regime. This will be measured by the proportion of patients with HIV-1 RNA ≤ 40 copies/mL at week 48Measure: Virologic suppression after 48 weeks of therapy with the study regime Time: 48 weeks
Description: The proportion of enrolled patients with a reduction from baseline in HIV-1 RNA >1 log10 copies /mL at weeks 4, 8, 12 and proportion with HIV-1 RNA ≤400 copies/mL at week 24.Measure: To explore the virologic response to this combination rilpivirine and ritonavir-boosted darunavir at weeks 4, 8, 12 and 24 of therapy. Time: 24 weeks
Description: The PK parameters (Cmax, C24, AUC0-24, and t1/2) for darunavir, rilpivirine and ritonavir at steady-state on day 28Measure: To investigate the plasma pharmacokinetics of darunavir, ritonavir and rilpivirine when given in combination Time: Day 28
Current HIV treatment guidelines recommend the use of triple-drug therapy (two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and either a protease inhibitor, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, or an integrase inhibitor) for the treatment of antiretroviral (ARV)-naïve patients. With the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), patients with HIV are living much longer. With the increasing lifespan of persons with HIV, long-term complications from therapy as well as the occurrence of co-morbidities with aging have prompted HCPs to re-think the current treatment paradigm and consider novel combinations of ARVs. All of the currently approved HIV antiretrovirals have been implicated in causing long-term toxicities; however the greatest body of evidence for long-term metabolic effects has implicated the nucleoside reverse transcriptase (NRTI) class. By utilizing a non-NRTI treatment regimen, it is hypothesized that many of these long-term metabolic effects (renal toxicity, bone loss, body fat changes) can be delayed or avoided altogether. The clinical data on novel combinations is currently limited but rapidly growing and has included several combinations that have utilized darunavir. This study will be the first of its kind using the unique combination of darunavir/cobicistat and rilpivirine. Currently, this drug combination is not a recommended option for first time treatment of HIV
Exclusion Criteria 1. Patient with active AIDS-defining opportunistic infection or disease according to the 1993 CDC AIDS surveillance definition (Clinical Category C) in the 30 days prior to baseline and that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude the patient from participating in the study (See Appendix C). 2. Patient has none of the following darunavir-associated RAMs: V11I, V32I, L33F, I47V, I50V, I54L, I54M, T74P, L76V, I84V, L89V 3. Having documented genotypic evidence of NNRTI resistance at screening or from historical data available in the source documents, i.e. at least one of the NNRTI rams from the following list; K101E, K101P, E138A, E138G, E138K, E138R, E138Q, , V179L, Y181C, Y181I, Y181V, Y188L, H221Y, F227C, M230I, M230L, or the combination of the K103N and L100I. --- V11I --- --- V32I --- --- L33F --- --- I47V --- --- I50V --- --- I54L --- --- I54M --- --- T74P --- --- L76V --- --- I84V --- --- L89V --- --- K101E --- --- K101P --- --- E138A --- --- E138G --- --- E138K --- --- E138R --- --- E138Q --- --- V179L --- --- Y181C --- --- Y181I --- --- Y181V ---