SNPMiner Trials by Shray Alag


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Report for Mutation M41L

Developed by Shray Alag, 2020.
SNP Clinical Trial Gene

There are 15 clinical trials

Clinical Trials


1 Cell Cycle Independent Antiretroviral Therapy: Combination of Nevirapine, FTC, and Tenofovir

Open label, two year study of the clinical efficacy of the combination of FTC, Tenofovir, and Nevirapine. Sixty HIV infected patients without previous exposure to antiretroviral therapy will be enrolled. Study will include a pharmacokinetic substudy to evaluate the interaction of FTC and Nevirapine. Truvada may be used.

NCT00344461 HIV Drug: Nevirapine, FTC, and Tenofovir

Evidence of mutation associated with primary drug resistance to Nevirapine (K103N, Y181C, Y188L, G190S), Tenofovir (M41L, T69 insertion, Q151M, L210W,and K65R), and/or FTC (184V) previously documented, or at time of screening. --- K103N --- --- Y181C --- --- Y188L --- --- G190S --- --- M41L ---

Primary Outcomes

Description: The primary outcome is sustained Virologic response, defined as HIV-1 RNA <500 copies/mL until trial completion at 96 weeks.

Measure: Number of Participants With Sustained Virologic Response

Time: 96 Weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Description: The number of participants with grades 2,3 and 4 adverse events and laboratory toxicities.

Measure: Patients With Grade 2, 3 and 4 Adverse Events and Laboratory Toxicities

Time: Protocol length is 96 weeks

Description: The number of participants with plasma HIV RNA < 50 copies/mL

Measure: Patients With Plasma HIV RNA < 50 Copies/mL

Time: 96 weeks.

Description: The number of participants with plasma HIV RNA < 400 copies/mL

Measure: Patients With Plasma HIV RNA < 400 Copies/mL

Time: 96 weeks

Description: Percent Change From Baseline in Plasma HIV RNA at 96 weeks

Measure: Change in Plasma HIV RNA From Baseline to Week 96

Time: Baseline to week 96

Description: To determine the mean change from Baseline in CD4 cell count to week 96.

Measure: Changes in CD4 Cell Count From Baseline and Week 96

Time: Baseline to week 96

2 Open-Label, Single-Centre, Randomised Pilot Study to Evaluate Immunovirological and Clinical Evolution of a Combination With Nucleoside Analogues/Nucleotides (Trizivir +Tenofovir) in Multiresistant Patients With Virological Failure

To evaluate whether the combined therapy of two nucleosides plus one nucleotide (Trizivir + TDF) manages to keep CD4 lymphocytes stable in patients with HIV infection on antiretroviral treatment that present virological failure and multiple resistance to antiretrovirals.

NCT00356616 HIV Infections Drug: Trizivir (AZT+3HT+Abacavir) twice daily Drug: Viread (300 mg Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate) once daily
MeSH: HIV Infections

5. Genotype or phenotype resistance to three families of antiretrovirals (PI, NTRI and NNRTI) demonstrated in genotype study carried out in the last 48 weeks and defined as: - 3 or more TAMS of the following: M41L, E44D, D67N, V118I, L210W, T215Y/F, K219Q/E. --- M41L ---

Primary Outcomes

Measure: Variations in the immune status of patients in each group throughout follow-up.

Time: 48 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Measure: Percentage of patients that increase viral load by > 0.5 log

Time: weeks 12, 24, 36 and 48

Measure: Percentage of patients that increase viral load by > 100,000 copies/mL

Time: weeks 12, 24, 36 and 48

Measure: Percentage of patients that present some clinical event, B or C classification according to the CDC.

Time: during the 48 weeks of follow-up

Measure: Percentage of patients that present clinical or analytical adverse effects degree > 2 according to the WHO classification.

Time: weeks 12, 24, 36 and 48

Measure: Percentage of patients that drop out of treatment.

Time: weeks 12, 24, 36 and 48

Measure: Percentage of patients that drop out of the study due to intolerance or adverse effects.

Time: weeks 12, 24, 36 and 48

Measure: Percentage of change in lipid determinations.

Time: weeks 12, 24, 36 and 48 with regard to baseline

Measure: Percentage of patients that report changes, improvement or worsening in redistribution of body fat.

Time: weeks 12, 24, 36 and 48

Measure: Percentage of patients that present adherence to the antiretroviral treatment > 95%.

Time: weeks 12, 24, 36 and 48

Measure: Percentage of patients that present improvement in the quality of life (MOS-HIV) and satisfaction questionnaires.

Time: weeks 12, 24, 36 and 48

Measure: Percentage of patients that present an increase in the number of active drugs.

Time: at the end of the study

3 See Detailed Description

This study was designed to test the efficacy, safety, tolerability and durability of the antiviral response between atazanavir (ATV) + ritonavir (/r) + abacavir/lamivudine(ABC/3TC) Fixed dose combination (FDC) each administered once daily (QD) for 36 weeks followed by randomization to either a simplification regimen of ATV or continuation of ATV +/r for an additional 48 weeks, each in combination with ABC/3TC in antiretroviral (ART)-naive, HIV-1 infected, HLA-B*5701 negative subjects. All subjects who complete the 84-week study will be eligible to enter the treatment extension phase and continue for an additional 60 weeks. The purpose of this extension is to obtain longer term treatment data in subjects who have completed the 84-week study.

NCT00440947 Infection, Human Immunodeficiency Virus I HIV Infection Drug: Abacavir (ABC)/lamivudine (3TC) + atazanavir (ATV) + ritonavir (/r) Drug: Abacavir (ABC)/lamivudine (3TC) + atazanavir (ATV)
MeSH: Infection Communicable Diseases HIV Infections Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

- Subject testing positive for Hepatitis B or both Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C at screening (+ HbsAg) - Genotyping results performed at the screening indicate that the subject has any of the following mutations at the reverse transcriptase (RT) enzyme: K65R, L74V, or Y115F, or a combination of two or more thymidine analog mutations (M41L, D67N, K70R, K219Q or E) that include changes at either L210 or T215, or ≥ 3 of the following protease mutations associated with atazanavir resistance: D30, V32, M36, M46, I47, G48, I50, I54, A71, G73, V77, V82, I84, N88, and L90. - Women who are pregnant or breastfeeding. --- K65R --- --- L74V --- --- Y115F --- --- M41L ---

Primary Outcomes

Description: The percentage of PAR with HIV-1 RNA virus <50 c/ml determined from a blood sample drawn at Week 84 was tabulated by treatment arm with stratification by baseline HIV-1 RNA (<100,000 c/ml and >=100,000 c/ml). Per TLOVR algorithm, responders were PAR with confirmed viral load <50 c/ml who had not met any non-responder criterion. Non-responders were PAR who never achieved confirmed HIV RNA <50 c/ml, prematurely discontinued study or study medication for any reason, had confirmed rebound to at least 50 c/ml, or had an unconfirmed HIV RNA of at least 50 c/ml at last visit.

Measure: Percentage of Participants (PAR) Who Achieved Plasma HIV-1 RNA <50 Copies (c) /Milliliter (ml) at the Week 84 Visit

Time: Week 84

Secondary Outcomes

Description: The mean age of participants randomized to treatment in the Randomized Phase was calculated at Baseline.

Measure: Mean Age at Baseline of Participants Randomized to Treatment for the 48-Week Randomized Phase

Time: Baseline of Randomized Phase

Description: The percentage of PAR with HIV-1 RNA virus <50 c/ml from a Week 36 blood sample was tabulated. Per TLOVR algorithm, responders were PAR with confirmed viral load <50 c/ml who had not met any non-responder criterion. Non-responders were PAR who never achieved confirmed HIV RNA <50 c/ml, prematurely discontinued (DC) study or study medication (any reason), had confirmed rebound to >=50 c/ml, or had an unconfirmed HIV RNA >=50 c/ml at last visit. ITT-E observed analysis (Obs): all observed data. ITT-E M/D=F analysis: PAR with missing data/data collected after study medication DC were failures.

Measure: Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Plasma HIV-1 RNA <50 c/ml at the Week 36 Visit

Time: Week 36

Description: A blood sample was drawn to determine the amount of HIV-1 RNA virus in c/ml at Week 84. The percentage of participants with HIV-1 RNA <50 c/ml at Week 84 was tabulated. The secondary analysis methods were: Observed (Obs; uses all visits with data in the analysis period), and missing/discontinuation=failure (M/D=F) analyses. M/D=F: participants with missing data or data collected after study medication DC were considered failures.

Measure: Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Plasma HIV-1 RNA <50 c/ml at the Week 84 Visit

Time: Week 84

Description: Percentage of PAR with HIV-1 RNA <50 c/ml at Week 144 was tabulated; stratified by baseline HIV-1 RNA (<100,000 and >=100,000 c/ml). Per TLOVR algorithm, responders were PAR with confirmed (CF) HIV RNA <50 c/ml who had not met any non-responder (NR) criterion. NR were PAR who never achieved CF HIV RNA <50 c/ml, prematurely discontinued (DC) study or study medication (Med), had CF rebound to >=50 c/ml, or had an unconfirmed HIV RNA >=50 c/ml at last visit. Observed analysis (Obs): all observed data. M/D=F analysis: PAR with missing data/data collected after study Med DC were failures.

Measure: Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Plasma HIV-1 RNA <50 c/ml at the Week 144 Visit

Time: Week 144

Description: The percentage of PAR with HIV-1 RNA virus <400 c/ml from a Week 36 blood sample was tabulated. Per TLOVR algorithm, responders were PAR with confirmed (CF) HIV RNA <400 c/ml who had not met any non-responder criterion. Non-responders were PAR who never achieved CF HIV RNA <400 c/ml, prematurely discontinued (DC) study or study medication (Med; any reason), had CF rebound to >=400 c/ml, or had an unconfirmed HIV RNA >=400 c/ml at last visit. ITT-E observed analysis (Obs): all observed data. ITT-E M/D=F analysis: PAR with missing data/data collected after study Med DC were failures.

Measure: Percentage of Participants Who Achieved Plasma HIV-1 RNA <400 c/ml at the Week 36 Visit

Time: Week 36

Description: Percentage of PAR with HIV-1 RNA <400 c/ml at Week 84 was tabulated; stratified by baseline HIV-1 RNA (<100,000 and >=100,000 c/ml). Per TLOVR algorithm, responders were PAR with confirmed (CF) HIV-RNA <400 c/ml who had not met any non-responder (NR) criterion. NR were PAR who never achieved CF HIV RNA <400 c/ml, prematurely discontinued (DC) study or study medication (Med), had CF rebound to >=400 c/ml, or had an unconfirmed HIV RNA >=400 c/ml at last visit. Observed analysis (Obs): all observed data. M/D=F analysis: PAR with missing data/data collected after study Med DC were failures.

Measure: Percentage of Participants Who Achieved HIV-1 RNA <400 c/ml at the Week 84 Visit

Time: Week 84

Description: Percentage of PAR with HIV-1 RNA <400 c/ml at Week 144 was tabulated; stratified by baseline HIV-1 RNA (<100,000 and >=100,000 c/ml). Per TLOVR algorithm, responders were PAR with confirmed (CF) HIV-RNA <400 c/ml who had not met any non-responder (NR) criterion. NR were PAR who never achieved CF HIV RNA <400 c/ml, prematurely discontinued (DC) study or study medication (Med), had CF rebound to >=400 c/ml, or had an unconfirmed HIV RNA >=400 c/ml at last visit. Observed analysis (Obs): all observed data. M/D=F analysis: PAR with missing data/data collected after study Med DC were failures.

Measure: Percentage of Participants Who Achieved HIV-1 RNA <400 c/ml at the Week 144 Visit

Time: Week 144

Description: The number of participants that failed to respond to therapy through 36 weeks on treatment, based on the protocol definition of virologic failure (PDVF), was tabulated. PDVF was defined as (a) failure to achieve plasma HIV-1 RNA <400 c/ml by Week 30 or (b) confirmed HIV-1 RNA rebound >=400 c/ml after achieving HIV-1 <400 c/ml.

Measure: Number of Participants Who Met the Protocol-defined Virologic Failure (PDVF) Criteria at Week 36

Time: Week 36

Description: The number of participants that failed to respond to therapy from the time of treatment randomization through Week 84, based on the protocol definition of virologic failure (PDVF), was tabulated. PDVF was defined as (a) failure to achieve plasma HIV-1 RNA <400 c/ml by Week 30 or (b) confirmed HIV-1 RNA rebound >=400 c/ml after achieving HIV-1 <400 c/ml.

Measure: Number of Participants Who Met the PDVF Criteria at Week 84

Time: Week 84

Description: The number of participants enrolled in the extension phase that failed to respond to therapy from Week 84 through Week 144, based on the protocol definition of virologic failure (PDVF) was tabulated,. PDVF was defined as (a) failure to achieve plasma HIV-1 RNA <400 c/ml by Week 30 or (b) confirmed HIV-1 RNA rebound >=400 c/ml after achieving HIV-1 <400 c/ml.

Measure: Number of Participants Who Met the PDVF Criteria at Week 144

Time: Week 144

Description: Change from baseline was calculated as the Week 36 value minus the baseline value. Blood was drawn to analyze for plasma HIV viral load.

Measure: Change From Baseline in HIV-1 RNA at Week 36

Time: Baseline and Week 36

Description: Change from baseline was calculated as the Week 84 value minus the baseline value. Blood was drawn to analyze for plasma HIV viral load.

Measure: Change From Baseline in HIV-1 RNA at Week 84

Time: Baseline and Week 84

Description: Change from baseline was calculated as the Week 144 value minus the baseline value. Blood was drawn to analyze for plasma HIV viral load.

Measure: Change From Baseline in HIV-1 RNA at Week 144

Time: Baseline and Week 144

Description: Blood was drawn to analyze for CD4+ cell count. A CD4+ cell is a T lymphocyte that carries the CD4 antigen. Immunologic response was assessed by CD4+ counts. Change from baseline was calculated as the Week 36 value minus the baseline value.

Measure: Change From Baseline in CD4+ Cell Count at Week 36

Time: Baseline and Week 36

Description: A CD4+ cell is a T lymphocyte that carries the CD4 antigen. Immunologic response was assessed by CD4+ counts. Change from baseline was calculated as the Week 84 value minus the baseline value. Blood was drawn to analyze for CD4+ cell count.

Measure: Change From Baseline in CD4+ Cell Count at Week 84

Time: Baseline and Week 84

Description: A CD4+ cell is a T lymphocyte that carries the CD4 antigen. Immunologic response was assessed by CD4+ counts. Change from baseline was calculated as the Week 144 value minus the baseline value. Blood was drawn to analyze for CD4+ cell count.

Measure: Change From Baseline in CD4+ Cell Count at Week 144

Time: Baseline and Week 144

Description: A blood sample was drawn for participants failing to respond to therapy, and the mutations present in the virus were identified. For each participant, the mutations found at the time of failure were compared with any mutations found in the blood sample at baseline. New resistance-associated mutations (defined by the International AIDS Society-USA guidelines) that developed at the time of failure were tabulated by drug class. PAR, participants; VF, virologic failure; NRTI, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor; NNRTI, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor; PI, protease inhibitor.

Measure: Number of Confirmed Virologic Failure Participants With Treatment-emergent HIV Genotypic Resistance in Reverse Transcriptase and Protease From Baseline Through Week 36

Time: Baseline through Week 36

Description: A blood sample was drawn for participants failing to respond to therapy, and the mutations present in the virus were identified. For each participant, the mutations found at the time of failure were compared with any mutations found in the blood sample at baseline. New International AIDs Society-USA defined resistance mutations that developed at the time of failure were tabulated by drug class. VF, virologic failure; NRTI, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor; NNRTI, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor; PI, protease inhibitor.

Measure: Number of Confirmed Virologic Failure Participants With Treatment-emergent HIV Genotypic Resistance in Reverse Transcriptase and Protease From Randomization at Week 36 Through Week 84

Time: Randomization at Week 36 through Week 84

Description: A blood sample was drawn for participants failing to respond to therapy, and the mutations present in the virus were identified. For each participant, the mutations found at the time of failure were compared with any mutations found in the blood sample at baseline. New International AIDs Society-USA defined resistance mutations that developed at the time of failure were tabulated by drug class. VF, virologic failure; NRTI, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor; NNRTI, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor; PI, protease inhibitor.

Measure: Number of Confirmed Virologic Failure Participants With Treatment-emergent HIV Genotypic Resistance in Reverse Transcriptase and Protease From Week 84 Through Week 144

Time: Week 84 through Week 144

Description: A blood sample was drawn for participants failing to respond to therapy, and changes in drug susceptibility for HIV isolated from the participants for each drug used in the study were assessed. For each participant, the changes in drug susceptibility detected by phenotypic assay in virus from the sample collected at the time of failure was compared with drug susceptibility in the virus from the blood sample at baseline. PAR, participant.

Measure: Number of Confirmed Virologic Failure Participants From Baseline Through Week 36 With Treatment-emergent Reductions in Susceptibility to Abacavir, Lamivudine, Atazanavir, or Ritonavir

Time: Baseline through Week 36

Description: A blood sample was drawn for participants failing to respond to therapy, and changes in drug susceptibility for HIV isolated from the participants for each drug used in the study were assessed. For each participant, the changes in drug susceptibility detected by phenotypic assay in virus from the sample collected at the time of failure was compared with drug susceptibility in the virus from the blood sample at baseline. PAR, participant.

Measure: Number of Confirmed Virologic Failure Participants From Randomization at Week 36 Through Week 84 With Treatment-emergent Reductions in HIV Susceptibility to Abacavir, Lamivudine, Atazanavir, or Ritonavir

Time: Randomization at Week 36 through Week 84

Description: A blood sample was drawn for participants failing to respond to therapy, and changes in drug susceptibility for HIV isolated from the participants for each drug used in the study were assessed. For each participant, the changes in drug susceptibility detected by phenotypic assay in virus from the sample collected at the time of failure was compared with drug susceptibility in the virus from the blood sample at baseline. PAR, participant.

Measure: Number of Confirmed Virologic Failure Participants From Week 84 Through Week 144 With Treatment-emergent Reductions in HIV Susceptibility to Abacavir, Lamivudine, Atazanavir, or Ritonavir

Time: Week 84 through Week 144

Description: Percent compliance is defined as the total number of pills taken divided by the total number of pills prescribed. The total number of pills taken was calculated by subtracting any returned pills from the total number of pills that were dispensed to each participant during this period. Compliance was calculated for each medication in the regimen.

Measure: Mean Percent Compliance at Week 36

Time: Week 36

Description: Percent compliance is defined as the total number of pills taken divided by the total number of pills prescribed. The total number of pills taken was calculated by subtracting any returned pills from the total number of pills that were dispensed to each participant during this period. Compliance was calculated for each medication in the regimen.

Measure: Mean Percent Compliance at Week 84

Time: Week 84

Description: Percent compliance is defined as the total number of pills taken divided by the total number of pills prescribed. The total number of pills taken was calculated by subtracting any returned pills from the total number of pills that were dispensed to each participant during this period. Compliance was calculated for each medication in the regimen.

Measure: Mean Percent Compliance at Week 144

Time: Week 144

4 Phase 2 Dose-escalating, P-C, D-B, Parallel Group Study in HIV Treatment-experienced Patients to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy of PA103001-04 Administered as Functional Monotherapy for 14 Days *(PART B)

The purpose of this study is to evaluate antiretroviral activity of up to five different oral doses administered for two weeks of bevirimat versus placebo in HIV treatment experienced patients, who have documented genotypic resistance to at least one major mutation from the IAS-USA list (2007)of resistance mutations for NRTIs, NNRTIs, or PIs. Patients will also be monitored for side effects, and the pharmacokinetics of bevirimat will be determined.

NCT00511368 HIV Infections Drug: matching placebo Drug: Bevirimat
MeSH: HIV Infections

- Have documented evidence of genotypic resistance in their medical records (at screening) or have resistance at screening by genotype to any major mutation from the IAS-USA list of resistance drug mutations, defined as: NRTI resistance: M41L, K65R, D67N, K70R, K70E, L74V, Y115F, M184V, M184V/I, L210W, T215Y/F, K219Q/E; NNRTI resistance: L100I, K103N, V106M, V106A/M, V108I, Y181C, Y181C/I, Y188L, Y188C/L/H, G190S/A, G190A, P225H; Major PI resistance: D30N, V32I, L33F, M46I/L, I47V/A, G48V, I50L, I50V, I54M/L, L76V, V82A/F/T, V82A/F/T/S, V82L/T, I84V, N88S, L90M - Be receiving an antiretroviral therapy regimen containing at least 3 drugs (regimens containing ritonavir must not exceed a total daily dose of 400 mg) which has been unchanged for at least 8 weeks prior to initial screening. --- M41L ---

Primary Outcomes

Measure: HIV-1 RNA change from baseline over the first 14 days of study

Time: 14 days

Secondary Outcomes

Measure: safety and tolerability; pharmacokinetics

Time: 14 days

5 A Study in Underrepresented Patient Population or Regimen Tolerability: SUPPoRT

The hope of this study is to gather data and information about the tolerability and effectiveness of Lexiva versus Sustiva in patients who have have been generally underrepresented in clinical trials.

NCT00727597 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infections Drug: Efavirenz 600mg Drug: Boosted Lexiva
MeSH: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV Infections Virus Diseases

v. Sterilization (female subject or male partner of female subject) Exclusion Criteria: Screening HIV-1 genotype indicating the presence of any of the following mutations in the reverse transcriptase (RT) region: K65R, L74V, K103N, Y115F, Y181C/I, Y188C/L/H or G190S/A, or a combination of two or more thymidine analog mutations (M41L, D67N, K70R, K219Q or E) that include changes at either L210 or T215, associated with resistance to abacavir, lamivudine, or efavirenz; OR within the protease region, detection of any of the following mutations associated with resistance to fosamprenavir or ritonavir: I50V, I54L/M, I84V, or the combination of the two mutations V32I+I147V Positive for Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg+) Requirement for active treatment for hepatitis C virus infection, as indicated by both a positive Hepatitis C Virus serology AND either: 1. Decompensated liver disease, or 2. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) >3X the upper limit of normal (ULN), or 3. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) >3X the ULN Currently pregnant, intending to become pregnant during the study period, or breast-feeding Use of immunomodulators (e.g., interleukins, interferons, cyclosporine), any vaccinations, systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy, or investigational therapy within 28 days prior to study entry. --- K65R --- --- L74V --- --- K103N --- --- Y115F --- --- Y181C --- --- Y188C --- --- G190S --- --- M41L ---

Primary Outcomes

Description: Subjects were randomized and initiated treatment on one of the antiretroviral arms(FPV/r or EFV) at study Entry visit. Subjects would be switched for the follwing reasons: To resolve a Grade 3 or 4 Adverse Event The subject experienced a virologic failure (as defined in section 3.6.2) The investigator believes the subject is at a significant risk for failing to comply with the protocol AND the investigator believes a regimen substitution is likely to resolve the compliance issue The investigator believes there is any other significant safety concern for the subject associated with remaining on the current regimen (e.g., hypersensitivity reaction, increased risk of suicide)

Measure: Number of Subjects Needing to Switch Comparator Drugs (FPV/r or EFV)

Time: 96 weeks

Measure: Number of Subjects Developing Any Treatment-related Grade 3-4 Adverse Events

Time: 96 weeks

6 A Pilot Study of Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy Using Isentress (Raltegravir) and Epzicom (Abacavir/Lamivudine) in Antiretroviral Naive HIV-Infected Subjects

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Raltegravir and Epzicom over 48 weeks in ART-naive HIV-infected subjects.

NCT00740064 HIV Infections Drug: Raltegravir and Abacavir/Lamivudine
MeSH: HIV Infections

Exclusion Criteria: - Screening HIV-1 genotype indicating the presence of any of the following mutations: K65R, L74V, and Y115F or a combination of two or more thymidine analog mutations (M41L, D67N, K70R, K219Q or E) that include changes at either L210 or T215, associated with ABC and 3TC resistance, and mutations Q148H/R/K and N155H associated with RTG resistance. --- K65R --- --- L74V --- --- Y115F --- --- M41L ---

Primary Outcomes

Measure: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of RTG and ABC/3TC over 48 weeks in ART-naive HIV-infected subjects.

Time: 48 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Measure: To assess the immunologic response, changes in fasting lipids, renal function, and development of resistance of the study regimen

Time: 48 weeks

7 Antiretroviral Activity and Tolerability of Once Daily Etravirine in Treatment-Naïve Adults With HIV-1 Infection

The main study is a single arm, open-label, prospective study to assess antiretroviral activity and tolerability of etravirine (TMC-125) 400 mg once daily, given with fixed-dose tenofovir/emtricitabine, in treatment-naïve HIV-1-infected men and women. There are also a genital secretions pharmacokinetic (PK) sub-study and a metabolic sub-study. The purpose of the genital secretions PK sub-study is to gain information about drug levels and HIV-1 RNA in genital secretions when subjects are taking etravirine. The purpose of the metabolic sub-study is to learn about the effects of etravirine on body composition, as well as lipid and glucose levels.

NCT00959894 HIV Infections Drug: Etravirine (Intelence) Drug: Truvada
MeSH: Infection Communicable Diseases HIV Infections Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

2. Any of the following NRTI mutations: M184V/I, K70E/R, K65R, M41L, 69 insert, L210W, T215Y/F, K219Q/E, L74V. --- M184V --- --- K70E --- --- K65R --- --- M41L ---

Primary Outcomes

Description: The primary study endpoint was the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/ml at Week 24 of study participation. The per-protocol primary analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures. Achievement of HIV-1 viral load below 50 copies/ml was defined as having HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/ml during the Week 24 analysis window (>18 and <30 weeks post-entry).

Measure: The Antiretroviral Activity of Etravirine 400 mg Given Once Daily, With Fixed-dose Truvada Once Daily, Among Treatment-naïve HIV-1 Infected Adults as Measured by the Percentage of Participants With HIV RNA < 50 Copies/mL at Week 24

Time: 24 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Description: This secondary outcome assessed the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/ml at Week 48 of study treatment. The per-protocol analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures.

Measure: The Proportion of Participants With HIV RNA <50 Copies/mL at Week 48 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 48 weeks

Description: This secondary outcome assessed the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/ml at Week 96 of study treatment. The per-protocol analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures.

Measure: The Proportion of Participants With HIV RNA <50 Copies/mL at Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 96 weeks

Description: This secondary outcome assessed the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA <200 copies/ml at Week 24 of study treatment. The per-protocol analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures.

Measure: The Proportion of Participants With HIV RNA <200 Copies/mL at Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 24 weeks

Description: This secondary outcome assessed the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA <200 copies/ml at Week 48 of study treatment. The per-protocol analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures.

Measure: The Proportion of Participants With HIV RNA <200 Copies/mL at Week 48 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 48 weeks

Description: This secondary outcome assessed the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA 200 copies/ml at Week 96 of study treatment. The per-protocol analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures.

Measure: The Proportion of Participants With HIV RNA <200 Copies/mL at Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 96 weeks

Description: The per-protocol analysis of change in CD4+ cell count from baseline to Week 24 was calculated using the measurement closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and quantified with an estimated median and distribution-free 95% confidence interval (CI).

Measure: Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Baseline to Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 24 weeks

Description: The per-protocol intention-to-treat analysis of change in CD4+ cell count from baseline to Week 48 was calculated using the measurement closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and quantified with an estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Baseline to Week 48 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 48 weeks

Description: The per-protocol intention-to-treat analysis of change in CD4+ cell count from baseline to Week 96 was calculated using the measurement closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and quantified with an estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Baseline to Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 96 weeks

Description: Per-protocol, genotype testing was conducted at confirmation of virologic failure if the confirmatory HIV-1 RNA was above the laboratory-specified threshold of 500 copies/mL. HIV-1 genotype was determined using the TRUGENE® HIV-1 assay (Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics, Tarrytown, NY)

Measure: Resistance Mutations in the Subset of Patients With Confirmed Virologic Failure Who Have HIV RNA >500 Copies/mL and Genotype Resistance Results

Time: 96 weeks

Description: The safety/tolerability endpoint was defined as the first grade 3 or higher sign, symptom or laboratory abnormality that was at least one grade higher than baseline among participants ever exposed to etravirine (regardless of treatment status), or permanent discontinuation of etravirine due to any toxicity (regardless of grade). Modification of tenofovir/emtricitabine was not a safety/tolerability event. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the proportion of participants ever exposed to etravirine who remained event-free through Week 96, with a 95% CI using Greenwood's variance estimate and a log-log transformation. Time was handled as continuous (weeks from treatment start to event or censoring).

Measure: Tolerability of Etravirine in HIV-1 Infected Adults Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy

Time: 96 weeks

Description: The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the proportion of participants ever exposed to etravirine who remained event-free through Week 96, with a 95% CI using Greenwood's variance estimate and a log-log transformation. Time was handled as continuous (weeks from treatment start to event or censoring).

Measure: Probability of Remaining Free of a Safety/Tolerability Event at 96 Weeks

Time: 96 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Changes in total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and fasting blood glucose from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range.

Measure: Change in the Lipid Profile and Glucose Metabolism, in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 24 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and was calculated as [fasting insulin (µU/mL) × fasting glucose (mmol/L)]/22.5. Changes from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range.

Measure: Change in Glucose Metabolism (Insulin Resistance), in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 24 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Changes in total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and fasting blood glucose from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range.

Measure: Change in the Lipid Profile and Glucose Metabolism, in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 48 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 48 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and was calculated as [fasting insulin (µU/mL) × fasting glucose (mmol/L)]/22.5. Changes from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range.

Measure: Change in Glucose Metabolism (Insulin Resistance), in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 48 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 48 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Changes in total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and fasting blood glucose from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range. Insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and was calculated as [fasting insulin (µU/mL) × fasting glucose (mmol/L)]/22.5.

Measure: Change in the Lipid Profile and Glucose Metabolism, in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 96 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and was calculated as [fasting insulin (µU/mL) × fasting glucose (mmol/L)]/22.5. Changes from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range.

Measure: Change in Glucose Metabolism (Insulin Resistance), in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 96 weeks

Description: Changes from baseline to follow-up in limb fat, trunk fat, total body fat, and lean mass were calculated. Whole body Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scans (Hologic Discovery W, Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA) were conducted at baseline, Week 24, and Week 96 to assess body fat distribution. Calculations of change from baseline to follow-up used the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in Limb and Trunk Fat Distribution as Measured by DEXA Scan, in the Same Subgroup of up to 40 Participants (as in Aim 8), From Baseline to Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 24 weeks

Description: Changes from baseline to follow-up in limb fat, trunk fat, total body fat, and lean mass were calculated. Whole body Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scans (Hologic Discovery W, Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA) were conducted at baseline, Week 24, and Week 96 to assess body fat distribution. Calculations of change from baseline to follow-up used the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in Limb and Trunk Fat Distribution as Measured by DEXA Scan, in the Same Subgroup of up to 40 Participants (as in Aim 8), From Baseline to Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 96 weeks

Description: Change from baseline to follow-up in fat mass ratio was calculated. Whole body Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scans (Hologic Discovery W, Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA) were conducted at baseline, Week 24, and Week 96 to assess body fat distribution. Fat mass ratio was calculated as the ratio of trunk fat percentage and lower limb fat percentage (% trunk fat mass / % lower limb fat mass). Calculations of change from baseline to follow-up used the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in Fat Mass Ratio as Measured by DEXA Scan, in the Same Subgroup of up to 40 Participants (as in Aim 8), From Baseline to Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 24 weeks

Description: This secondary outcome measure assessed the ratio of semen:plasma concentration of etravirine in paired semen and plasma samples collected from 14 male participants at Week 4 of treatment with etravirine and fixed dose tenofovir/emtricitabine.

Measure: Pharmacokinetics of Etravirine in Genital Secretions of up to 10 Men and up to 10 Women at Week 4 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 4 weeks

Description: Change from baseline to follow-up in fat mass ratio was calculated. Whole body Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scans (Hologic Discovery W, Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA) were conducted at baseline, Week 24, and Week 96 to assess body fat distribution. Fat mass ratio was calculated as the ratio of trunk fat percentage and lower limb fat percentage (% trunk fat mass / % lower limb fat mass). Calculations of change from baseline to follow-up used the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in Fat Mass Ratio as Measured by DEXA Scan, in the Same Subgroup of up to 40 Participants (as in Aim 8), From Baseline to Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 96 weeks

Description: Population pharmacokinetics were calculated using sparse sampling. Plasma concentrations of etravirine measured in samples from participants who provided blood samples at multiple study visits, with variation in sampling times relative to dosing of etravirine used to cover the spectrum of the dosing schedule. Model simulations and fitting were performed with NONMEM ® 7.3. (ICON, plc) and model exploration was performed with Berkeley Madonna (Berkeley, CA, USA)

Measure: Population Pharmacokinetics of Etravirine 400 mg Once Daily, in Combination With Fixed-dose Emtricitabine-tenofovir Among Treatment-naïve HIV-1 Infected Adults

Time: At or after 4 weeks

Description: Population pharmacokinetics were calculated using sparse sampling. Plasma concentrations of etravirine measured in samples from participants who provided blood samples at multiple study visits, with variation in sampling times relative to dosing of etravirine used to cover the spectrum of the dosing schedule. Model simulations and fitting were performed with NONMEM ® 7.3. (ICON, plc) and model exploration was performed with Berkeley Madonna (Berkeley, CA, USA)

Measure: Population Pharmacokinetics of Etravirine 400 mg Once Daily, in Combination With Fixed-dose Emtricitabine-tenofovir Among Treatment-naïve HIV-1 Infected Adults: Etravirine AUC-24 Hours at Steady State

Time: At or after 4 weeks

8 Open Label, Randomized Trial of TDF/FTC+Raltegravir Vs. TDF/FTC+Efavirenz in HIV-1-Infected Women: Differential Effects on Viral Suppression/Reservoir, & Immune Parameters in Different Compartments, Including Gut & Genital Tract

Raltegravir not only has a unique mechanism of action, but may also have other unique effects on suppression of viral replication, viral reservoir, and immune reconstitution in blood and other important compartments. This may in part be due to the pharmacokinetics of Raltegravir in blood and gut tissue. Efavirenz will be the comparator antiretroviral drug in this study, with both drugs being used as part of a three-drug regimen with tenofovir and emtricitabine. The primary objectives are to determine differences in the effects of 2 anti-retroviral regimens, Raltegravir + Truvada versus Atripla, with respect to: 1. Viral load in plasma, genital tract (vaginal secretions), and gut (by in situ hybridization). 2. Latent viral reservoir (pro-viral DNA) in the peripheral blood and genital tract. 3. Immune effects (CD4/CD8 immunophenotypes) in gut and PBMCs and plasma cytokine profiles. The secondary objective is to determine the pharmacokinetics of Raltegravir in blood and gut tissue; relative tissue/compartment penetration compared to Efavirenz.

NCT00984152 HIV-1 Infections Drug: TDF/FTC Once-Daily + Raltegravir 400 mg Orally Twice-Daily Drug: TDF/FTC + Efavirenz (Atripla) Once-Daily

Exclusion Criteria: 1. Menopausal (may affect quantity of genital tract secretions) or any serious illness that requires treatment and/or hospitalization until the patient completes therapy 2. Any active infection, including co-infection with hepatitis B or C 3. Any neoplasm 4. Immunosuppressive therapy 5. Requirement for any medications that are prohibited by any of the study treatments 6. Significant liver or renal dysfunction 7. Baseline resistance to any of the study drugs by genotypic testing - NRTI: M41L, K65 R, D76N, T69D, K70R, L74V/I, y115F, Q151M, M184V, L210W, T215any, K219Q/E - NNRTI:L100I, K103N, V106A/M, V108I, Y181C/I, Y188C/L/H, G190anyA/S 8. Alcohol or substance abuse problems or psychiatric conditions that impair the ability of the subject to comply with the study protocol Inclusion Criteria: 1. Eligible subjects will be antiretroviral naïve (< 7 days of HAART at any time prior to entry) with plasma HIV-1 RNA > 50,000 copies/mL (obtained within 90 days prior to study entry by any laboratory that has a CLIA certification or its equivalent) and moderate immune suppression within 90 days prior to study entry. --- M41L ---

Exclusion Criteria: 1. Menopausal (may affect quantity of genital tract secretions) or any serious illness that requires treatment and/or hospitalization until the patient completes therapy 2. Any active infection, including co-infection with hepatitis B or C 3. Any neoplasm 4. Immunosuppressive therapy 5. Requirement for any medications that are prohibited by any of the study treatments 6. Significant liver or renal dysfunction 7. Baseline resistance to any of the study drugs by genotypic testing - NRTI: M41L, K65 R, D76N, T69D, K70R, L74V/I, y115F, Q151M, M184V, L210W, T215any, K219Q/E - NNRTI:L100I, K103N, V106A/M, V108I, Y181C/I, Y188C/L/H, G190anyA/S 8. Alcohol or substance abuse problems or psychiatric conditions that impair the ability of the subject to comply with the study protocol HIV-1 Infections This is a phase III, prospective, randomized (1:1), multicenter, open label study comparing the effects of two HAART regimens: - Arm A: Raltegravir 400 mg PO BID + TDF/FTC (Truvada, 300/200 mg) One PO Daily - Arm B: Efavirenz + TDF/FTC (Atripla) Once PO Daily The following local sites: Mt. --- M41L ---

Primary Outcomes

Measure: Viral load in plasma, genital tract (vaginal secretions), and gut (by in situ hybridization)

Time: 48 weeks

Measure: Latent viral reservoir (pro-viral DNA) in the peripheral blood and genital tract

Time: 48 weeks

Measure: Immune effects (CD4/CD8 immunophenotypes) in gut and PBMCs and plasma cytokine profiles

Time: 48 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Measure: Determine the pharmacokinetics of Raltegravir in blood and gut tissue; relative tissue/compartment penetration compared to Efavirenz

Time: 48 weeks

9 A Prospective, Randomized, Multicenter, Open-Label Study to Compare the Efficacy and Safety of Simplifying From a Regimen of Atazanavir (ATV) + Ritonavir (RTV) + Tenofovir/Emtricitabine to ATV + Abacavir/Lamivudine Without RTV in Virologically Suppressed, HIV-1 Infected, HLA-B*5701 Negative Subjects

This study is designed to compare the efficacy and safety of simplifying therapy from a regimen of atazanavir (ATV) + ritonavir (RTV) + tenofovir/emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) to a regimen of ATV + abacavir sulfate/lamivudine (ABC/3TC) without RTV in virologically suppressed, HIV-1 infected, HLA-B*5701 negative subjects for 48 weeks.

NCT01102972 Infection, Human Immunodeficiency Virus Drug: Reyataz + Norvir + Truvada Drug: Reyataz + Epzicom
MeSH: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome HIV Infections

- Subject is virologically suppressed on ATV + RTV + TDF/FTC defined as HIV-1 RNA M41L, D67N, K70R, K219Q or E that include changes at either L210 or T215), or 3 or more of the following HIV-1 protease mutations associated with atazanavir resistance: D30, V32, M36, M46, I47, G48, I50, I54, A71, G73, V77, V82, I84, N88, and L90 - Subject is HLA-B*5701 positive - Subject has hypersensitivity to any component of the study drugs - SUbject is pregnant or breastfeeding - Subject is enrolled in one or more investigational drug protocols within 30 days of screening - Subject has an active Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Category C disease, except cutaneous Kaposi's sarcoma not requiring systemic therapy during the trial - Subject has ongoing clinically relevant hepatitis at screening and/or positive for Hepatitis B (+ HbsAg) - Subject has a creatinine clearance <50 mL/min via the Cockcroft-Gault method - Subject has a verified Grade 4 laboratory abnormality at screening unless the Investigator can provide a compelling explanation (e.g. --- K65R --- --- K70E --- --- L74V --- --- M184I --- --- Y115F --- --- M41L ---

Primary Outcomes

Description: The percentage of PAR with HIV-1 RNA virus <50 c/mL determined from blood samples drawn at Week 24 was tabulated by treatment arm with stratification by initial antiretroviral treatment. Per TLOVR algorithm, responders were PAR with confirmed viral load <50 c/mL who had not met any non-responder criterion. Non-responders were PAR who never achieved confirmed HIV RNA <50 c/mL, prematurely discontinued study or study medication for any reason, had confirmed rebound to at least 50 c/mL, or had an unconfirmed HIV RNA of at least 50 c/mL at the last visit.

Measure: Percentage of Participants (PAR) Who Achieved Plasma HIV-1 RNA <50 Copies (c)/Milliliter (mL) at the Week 24 Visit: TLOVR Analysis

Time: Week 24

Secondary Outcomes

Description: The percentage of PAR with HIV-1 RNA virus <50 c/mL determined from blood samples drawn through Week 24 was tabulated by treatment arm with stratification by initial antiretroviral treatment using specific analysis methods.

Measure: Percentage of Participants (PAR) Who Achieved Plasma HIV-1 RNA <50 c/mL at the Week 24 Visit: Observed, M/D=F, and SNAPSHOT Analyses

Time: Week 24

Description: The percentage of PAR with HIV-1 RNA virus <50 c/mL determined from blood samples drawn at Week 48 was tabulated by treatment arm with stratification by initial antiretroviral treatment using specific analysis methods.

Measure: Percentage of Participants (PAR) Who Achieved Plasma HIV-1 RNA <50 c/mL at the Week 48 Visit: TLOVR, Observed, M/D=F, and SNAPSHOT Analyses

Time: Week 48

Description: The percentage of PAR with HIV-1 RNA virus <400 c/mL determined from blood samples drawn at Week 24 was tabulated by treatment arm with stratification by initial antiretroviral treatment. Per TLOVR algorithm, responders were PAR with confirmed viral load <400 c/mL who had not met any non-responder criterion. Non-responders were PAR who never achieved confirmed HIV RNA <400 c/mL, prematurely discontinued study or study medication for any reason, had confirmed rebound to at least 400 c/mL, or had an unconfirmed HIV RNA of at least 400 c/mL at the last visit.

Measure: Percentage of Participants (PAR) Who Achieved Plasma HIV-1 RNA <400 c/mL at the Week 24 Visit: TLOVR Analysis

Time: Week 24

Description: The percentage of PAR with HIV-1 RNA virus <400 c/mL determined from blood samples drawn at Week 48 was tabulated by treatment arm with stratification by initial antiretroviral treatment. Per TLOVR algorithm, responders were PAR with confirmed viral load <400 c/mL who had not met any non-responder criterion. Non-responders were PAR who never achieved confirmed HIV RNA <400 c/mL, prematurely discontinued study or study medication for any reason, had confirmed rebound to at least 400 c/mL, or had an unconfirmed HIV RNA of at least 400 c/mL at the last visit.

Measure: Percentage of Participants (PAR) Who Achieved Plasma HIV-1 RNA <400 c/mL at the Week 48 Visit: TLOVR Analysis

Time: Week 48

Description: The percentage of PAR with HIV-1 RNA virus <400 c/mL determined from blood samples drawn at Week 24 was tabulated by treatment arm with stratification by initial antiretroviral treatment using specific analysis methods.

Measure: Percentage of Participants (PAR) Who Achieved Plasma HIV-1 RNA <400 c/mL at the Week 24 Visit: Observed, MD=F, and SNAPSHOT Analyses

Time: Week 24

Description: The percentage of PAR with HIV-1 RNA virus <400 c/mL determined from blood samples drawn at Week 48 was tabulated by treatment arm with stratification by initial antiretroviral treatment using specific analysis methods.

Measure: Percentage of Participants (PAR) Who Achieved Plasma HIV-1 RNA <400 c/mL at the Week 48 Visit: Observed, MD=F, and SNAPSHOT Analyses

Time: Week 48

Description: Change from Baseline was calculated as the Week 24 value minus the Baseline value. Blood was drawn to analyze for plasma HIV viral load.

Measure: Change From Baseline in HIV-1 RNA at Week 24

Time: Baseline and Week 24

Description: Change from Baseline was calculated as the Week 48 value minus the Baseline value. Blood was drawn to analyze for plasma HIV viral load.

Measure: Change From Baseline in HIV-1 RNA at Week 48

Time: Baseline and Week 48

Description: Blood was drawn to analyze for CD4+ cell count. A CD4+ cell is a T lymphocyte that carries the CD4 antigen. Immunologic response was assessed by CD4+ counts. Change from Baseline was calculated as the Week 24 value minus the Baseline value.

Measure: Change From Baseline in CD4+ Cell Count at Week 24

Time: Baseline and Week 24

Description: Blood was drawn to analyze for CD4+ cell count. A CD4+ cell is a T lymphocyte that carries the CD4 antigen. Immunologic response was assessed by CD4+ counts. Change from Baseline was calculated as the Week 48 value minus the Baseline value.

Measure: Change From Baseline in CD4+ Cell Count at Week 48

Time: Baseline and Week 48

Description: Triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol levels were measured at Week 24. A Fasting blood sample was drawn to analyze for lipids. Change from Baseline was calculated as the Week 24 value minus the Baseline value for each parameter.

Measure: Change From Baseline in Fasting Triglycerides, Total Cholesterol, High-density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol, and Low-density Lipoprotein (LDL) Cholesterol at Week 24

Time: Baseline and Week 24

Description: A Fasting blood sample was drawn to analyze for lipids. Change from Baseline was calculated as the Week 24 value minus the Baseline value.

Measure: Change From Baseline in Cholesterol/HDL Ratio at Week 24

Time: Baseline and Week 24

Description: Triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and LDL cholesterol levels were measured or calculated at Week 48. A fasting blood sample was drawn to analyze for lipids. Change from Baseline was calculated as the Week 48 value minus the Baseline value for each parameter.

Measure: Change From Baseline in Fasting Triglycerides, Total Cholesterol, High-density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol, and Low-density Lipoprotein (LDL) Cholesterol at Week 48

Time: Baseline and Week 48

Description: A fasting blood sample was drawn to analyze for lipids. Change from Baseline was calculated as the Week 48 value minus the Baseline value for each parameter.

Measure: Change From Baseline in Cholesterol/HDL Ratio at Week 48

Time: Baseline and Week 48

Description: The number of participants that failed to remain virologically suppressed through 24 weeks on treatment was assessed. Viral failure is defined per protocol as confirmed HIV-1 RNA >=400 c/mL.

Measure: Number of Participants Who Met the Protocol-defined Confirmed Viral Failure Criteria Through Week 24

Time: From Baseline to Week 24

Description: The number of participants that failed to remain virologically suppressed from baseline through 48 weeks on treatment was assessed. Viral failure is defined per protocol as confirmed HIV-1 RNA >=400 c/mL.

Measure: Number of Participants Who Met the Protocol-defined Confirmed Viral Failure Criteria Through Week 48

Time: From Baseline to Week 48

Description: Death and clinical disease progression (as per CDC classification) were assessed from Baseline through Week 48. Disease progression is defined as progression from CDC Class A to B, Class A to C, or from Class B to C. AIDS CDC classifications are: Class A, Asymptomatic/lymphadenopathy/acute HIV; Class B, Symptomatic, not AIDS; Class C, AIDS indicator conditions. The CDC categorization of HIV/AIDS is based on the lowest documented CD4 cell count (Class A, >=500 cells per microliter [µl]; Class B, 200-499 cells/µl; Class C, <200 cells/µl) and on previously diagnosed HIV-related conditions.

Measure: Number of Participants Who Experienced Death and/or Disease Progression

Time: From Baseline to Week 48

Description: A blood sample was drawn for particiapants with confirmed VF >=400 c/mL. For each participant, the mutations found at the time of failure were compared with any mutations found in the blood sample at Baseline. New resistance-associated viral mutations defined by the International Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Society-United States of America guidelines present at the time of failure were tabulated by drug class. NRTI, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor; NNRTI, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor; PI, protease inhibitor.

Measure: Number of Confirmed Virologic Failure (VF) Participants (PAR) With Treatment-emergent HIV Genotypic Resistance in Reverse Transcriptase and Protease From Baseline Through Week 24

Time: From Baseline to Week 24

Description: A blood sample was drawn for particiapants with confirmed VF >=400 c/mL. For each participant, the mutations found at the time of failure were compared with any mutations found in the blood sample at Baseline. New resistance-associated viral mutations defined by the International Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Society-United States of America guidelines present at the time of failure were tabulated by drug class. NRTI, nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor; NNRTI, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor; PI, protease inhibitor.

Measure: Number of Confirmed Virologic Failure (VF) Participants (PAR) With Treatment-emergent HIV Genotypic Resistance in Reverse Transcriptase and Protease From Baseline Through Week 48

Time: From Baseline to Week 48

Description: A blood sample was drawn for participants failing to respond to therapy, and changes in drug susceptibility for HIV isolated from the participants for each drug used in the study were assessed. For each participant, the changes in drug susceptibility detected by phenotypic assay in virus from the sample collected at the time of failure was compared with drug susceptibility in the virus from the blood sample at Baseline.

Measure: Number of Confirmed Virologic Failure Participants (PAR) From Baseline Through Week 24 With the Indicated Treatment-emergent Reductions in Susceptibility to Abacavir, Lamivudine, Tenofovir, Emtricitabine, Atazanavir, or Ritonavir

Time: From Baseline to Week 24

Description: A blood sample was drawn for participants failing to respond to therapy, and changes in drug susceptibility for HIV isolated from the participants for each drug used in the study were assessed. For each participant, the changes in drug susceptibility detected by phenotypic assay in virus from the sample collected at the time of failure was compared with drug susceptibility in the virus from the blood sample at Baseline.

Measure: Number of Confirmed Virologic Failure Participants (PAR) From Baseline Through Week 48 With the Indicated Treatment-emergent Reductions in Susceptibility to Abacavir, Lamivudine, Tenofovir, Emtricitabine, Atazanavir, or Ritonavir

Time: From Baseline to Week 48

Description: The National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 3.0 is a descriptive terminology that can be utilized for AE reporting. A grading (severity) scale is provided for each AE. Grade refers to the severity of the adverse event (AE). The CTCAE v3.0 displays Grades 1 through 5 with unique clinical descriptions of severity for each AE based on this general guideline: Grade 1, mild AE; Grade 2, moderate AE; Grade 3, severe AE; Grade 4, life-threatening or disabling AE; Grade 5, death related to the AE.

Measure: Number of Participants With the Indicated Grade 2 to Grade 4 Adverse Events (AEs) Occurring at a Frequency of >=3% in Either Treatment Group

Time: From Baseline to Week 24

Description: The National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) Version 3.0 is a descriptive terminology that can be utilized for AE reporting. A grading (severity) scale is provided for each AE. Grade refers to the severity of the adverse event (AE). The CTCAE v3.0 displays Grades 1 through 5 with unique clinical descriptions of severity for each AE based on this general guideline: Grade 1, mild AE; Grade 2, moderate AE; Grade 3, severe AE; Grade 4, life-threatening or disabling AE; Grade 5, death related to the AE.

Measure: Number of Participants With the Indicated Grade 2 to Grade 4 Adverse Events (AEs) Occurring at a Frequency of >=3% in Either Treatment Group

Time: From Baseline to Week 48

10 A Phase 3b, Randomized, Open-Label Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Switching From Regimens Consisting of Abacavir/Lamivudine (ABC/3TC) Plus a Third Antiretroviral Agent to the Elvitegravir/Cobicistat/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Alafenamide (E/C/F/TAF) Fixed-Dose Combination (FDC) in Virologically-Suppressed HIV 1 Infected Adult Subjects

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of switching to elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (E/C/F/TAF) fixed-dose combination (FDC) relative to continuing on a baseline regimen consisting of abacavir/lamivudine (ABC/3TC) plus a 3rd antiretroviral agent in HIV-1 infected participants.

NCT02605954 HIV-1 Infection Drug: E/C/F/TAF Drug: ABC/3TC Drug: Third Antiretroviral Agent
MeSH: Infection

- All documented historical plasma genotype(s) must not show resistance to tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) or emtricitabine (FTC), including, but not limited to the presence of reverse transcriptase resistance mutants K65R, K70E, M184V/I, or thymidine analog associated mutations (TAMs) (TAMs are: M41L, D67N, K70R, L210W, T215Y/F, K219Q/E/N/R). --- K65R --- --- K70E --- --- M184V --- --- M41L ---

Primary Outcomes

Description: The percentage of participants achieving HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL at Week 24 was analyzed using the snapshot algorithm, which defines a participant's virologic response status using only the viral load at the predefined time point within an allowed window of time, along with study drug discontinuation status.

Measure: Percentage of Participants Who Have HIV-1 RNA < 50 Copies/mL as Defined by the FDA Snapshot Algorithm at Week 24

Time: Week 24

Secondary Outcomes

Description: The percentage of participants achieving HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL at week 12 was analyzed using the snapshot algorithm, which defines a participant's virologic response status using only the viral load at the predefined time point within an allowed window of time, along with study drug discontinuation status.

Measure: Percentage of Participants Who Have HIV-1 RNA < 50 Copies/mL as Defined by the FDA Snapshot Algorithm at Week 12

Time: Week 12

Description: The percentage of participants achieving HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL at week 48 was analyzed using the snapshot algorithm, which defines a participant's virologic response status using only the viral load at the predefined time point within an allowed window of time, along with study drug discontinuation status.

Measure: Percentage of Participants Who Have HIV-1 RNA < 50 Copies/mL as Defined by the FDA Snapshot Algorithm at Week 48

Time: Week 48

Measure: Change From Baseline in CD4+ Cell Count at Week 24

Time: Baseline; Week 24

Measure: Change From Baseline in CD4+ Cell Count at Week 48

Time: Baseline; Week 48

11 A Phase 3b Open-Label Pilot Study to Evaluate Switching to Elvitegravir/Cobicistat/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Alafenamide (E/C/F/TAF) Fixed Dose Combination (FDC) in Virologically-Suppressed HIV-1 Infected Adult Subjects Harboring the Archived Isolated NRTI Resistance Mutation M184V/M184I

This two part study will evaluate the efficacy of elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (E/C/F/TAF) fixed-dose combination (FDC) after switching from a stable regimen consisting of emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (FTC/TDF) or abacavir/lamivudine (ABC/3TC) plus a third antiretroviral (ARV) agent in participants harboring the archived nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI) resistance mutation M184V and/or M184I in HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. If the rate of virologic failure in Part 1 is deemed acceptable, once the internal data monitoring committee officially completes the interim review, the study will continue to Part 2.

NCT02616029 HIV-1 Infection Drug: E/C/F/TAF

- Proviral DNA test must not have additional exclusion resistance mutations against PIs, NRTIs and INSTIs - Part 1: Historical genotype report must show mutation M184V and/or M184I in reverse transcriptase WITHOUT any other NRTI resistance mutation (including thymidine analogue-associated mutations [TAMs] [TAMs are: M41L, D67N, K70R, L210W, T215Y/F, and K219Q/E/N/R], K65R, K70E, T69 insertion, and Q151M mutation complex [A62V, V75I, F77L, F116Y, Q151M]) - Part 2 (after the interim efficacy review): Historical genotype report must show M184V and/or M184I in reverse transcriptase WITH or WITHOUT 1 or 2 TAMs. --- M184V --- --- M184I --- --- M41L ---

Primary Outcomes

Description: The percentage of participants with PVR for HIV-1 RNA cutoff at 50 copies/mL at Week 12 was summarized. PVR was the percentage of participants who did not have a confirmed virologic rebound. Virologic rebound was defined as 2 consecutive HIV-1 RNA values ≥ 50 copies/mL or the last available HIV-1 RNA value ≥ 50 copies/mL followed by discontinuation from the study.

Measure: Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA < 50 Copies/mL at Week 12 as Defined by Pure Virologic Response (PVR)

Time: Week 12

Secondary Outcomes

Description: This outcome measure was planned to be assessed for any participant with any post Day 1 sample with HIV-1 RNA ≥ 50 copies/mL.

Measure: Percentage of Participants With Emergence of New Mutations in HIV-1 Reverse Transcriptase and Integrase

Time: Day 1 up to 48 weeks

Description: The percentage of participants with PVR for HIV-1 RNA cutoff at 50 copies/mL at Week 24 was summarized. PVR was the percentage of participants who did not have a confirmed virologic rebound. Virologic rebound was defined as 2 consecutive HIV-1 RNA values ≥ 50 copies/mL or the last available HIV-1 RNA value ≥ 50 copies/mL followed by discontinuation from the study.

Measure: Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA < 50 Copies/mL at Weeks 24 Using PVR

Time: Week 24

Measure: Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA < 50 Copies/mL at Week 48 Using PVR

Time: Week 48

Description: The percentage of participants with HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL at Week 12 was also analyzed using the snapshot algorithm, which defines a participant's virologic response status using only the viral load at the predefined time point within an allowed window of time, along with study drug discontinuation status. Week 12 window was between Day 71 and 98 (inclusive).

Measure: Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA < 50 Copies/mL at Week 12 Using the FDA Snapshot Analysis

Time: Week 12

Description: The percentage of participants with HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL at Week 24 was also analyzed using the snapshot algorithm, which defines a participant's virologic response status using only the viral load at the predefined time point within an allowed window of time, along with study drug discontinuation status. Week 24 window was between Day 141 and 210 (inclusive).

Measure: Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA < 50 Copies/mL at Week 24 Using the FDA Snapshot Analysis

Time: Week 24

Measure: Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA < 50 Copies/mL at Week 48 Using the FDA Snapshot Analysis

Time: Week 48

Measure: Change From Day 1 in CD4+ Cell Count at Week 12

Time: Week 12

Measure: Change From Day 1 in CD4+ Cell Count at Week 24

Time: Week 24

Measure: Change From Day 1 in CD4+ Cell Count at Week 48

Time: Day 1, Week 48

12 A Phase 3b, Randomized, Open-Label Study to Evaluate Switching From a Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate (TDF) Containing Regimen to Elvitegravir/Cobicistat/Emtricitabine/ Tenofovir Alafenamide (E/C/F/TAF) Fixed-Dose Combination (FDC) in Virologically-Suppressed, HIV-1 Infected Subjects Aged ≥ 60 Years

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the safety of elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/ tenofovir alafenamide (E/C/F/TAF) relative to unchanged current antiretroviral therapy (ART) by assessing spine and hip bone mineral density (BMD) measured at Week 48 in virologically-suppressed, HIV-1 infected participants aged ≥ 60 years.

NCT02616783 HIV-1 Infection Drug: E/C/F/TAF Drug: TDF Drug: FTC Drug: FTC/TDF Drug: 3TC Drug: Third agent
MeSH: Infection

- Plasma HIV-1 RNA level < 50 copies/mL at screening visit - Adequate renal function - Estimated glomerular filtration rate ≥ 30 mL/min according to the Cockcroft-Gault formula (eGFRCG) and are on ARVs that are appropriately dose adjusted for renal function per package insert - All documented historical plasma genotype(s) must not show resistance to TDF or FTC, including, but not limited to the presence of reverse transcriptase resistance mutations K65R, K70E, M184V/I, or thymidine analog-associated mutations (TAMs) that include M41L, L210W, D67N, K70R, T215Y/F, K219Q/E/N/R. --- K65R --- --- K70E --- --- M184V --- --- M41L ---

Primary Outcomes

Measure: Percent Change From Baseline to Week 48 in Spine BMD

Time: Baseline; Week 48

Measure: Percent Change From Baseline to Week 48 in Hip BMD

Time: Baseline; Week 48

Secondary Outcomes

Measure: Percent Change From Baseline to Week 24 in Spine BMD

Time: Baseline; Week 24

Measure: Percent Change From Baseline to Week 24 in Hip BMD

Time: Baseline; Week 24

Description: The percentage of participants with HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL at Week 24 was analyzed using the snapshot algorithm, which defines a participant's virologic response status using only the viral load at the predefined time point within an allowed window of time, along with study drug discontinuation status.

Measure: Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA < 50 Copies/mL at Week 24 as Defined by the US FDA-Defined Snapshot Algorithm

Time: Week 24

Description: The percentage of participants with HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL at Week 48 was analyzed using the snapshot algorithm, which defines a participant's virologic response status using only the viral load at the predefined time point within an allowed window of time, along with study drug discontinuation status.

Measure: Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA < 50 Copies/mL at Week 48 as Defined by the US FDA-Defined Snapshot Algorithm

Time: Week 48

Measure: Change From Baseline in CD4+ Cell Count at Week 24

Time: Baseline; Week 24

Measure: Change in Baseline in CD4+ Cell Count at Week 48

Time: Baseline; Week 48

13 A Phase 3b Randomized, Open-label, Controlled Study of the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of 12 Weeks of Ledipasvir/Sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) Treatment for HIV/HCV Co-infected Subjects Who Switch to Elvitegravir/Cobicistat/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Alafenamide (E/C/F/TAF) or Emtricitabine/Rilpivirine/Tenofovir Alafenamide (F/R/TAF) Prior to LDV/SOF HCV Treatment, the HIV/HCV Co-STARs Study (Co-infection Treatment With Single Tablet Antiviral Regimens)

This study will evaluate efficacy of ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (LDV/SOF) and safety and tolerability of switching to elvitegravir/cobicistat/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (E/C/F/TAF) or emtricitabine/rilpivirine/tenofovir alafenamide (F/R/TAF) from the current antiretroviral (ARV) therapy and in virologically-suppressed, HIV-1/HCV co-infected participants.

NCT02707601 HIV-1 Infection HCV Infection Drug: E/C/F/TAF Drug: F/R/TAF Drug: LDV/SOF
MeSH: Infection Communicable Diseases Hepatitis C

- Plasma HIV-1 RNA level < 50 copies/mL at the screening visit - Have no documented resistance to any of the HIV study agents at time in the past, including but not limited to the reverse transcriptase resistance mutations K65R, K70E, K101E/P, E138A/G/K/R/Q, V179L, Y181C/I/V, M184V/I, Y188L, H221Y, F227C, M230I/L, the combination of K103N+L100I, or 3 or more thymidine analog associated mutations (TAMs) that include M41L or L210W (TAMs are M41L, D67N, K70R, L210W, T215Y/F, K219Q/E/N/R). --- K65R --- --- K70E --- --- K101E --- --- E138A --- --- V179L --- --- Y181C --- --- M184V --- --- Y188L --- --- H221Y --- --- F227C --- --- M230I --- --- M41L ---

- Plasma HIV-1 RNA level < 50 copies/mL at the screening visit - Have no documented resistance to any of the HIV study agents at time in the past, including but not limited to the reverse transcriptase resistance mutations K65R, K70E, K101E/P, E138A/G/K/R/Q, V179L, Y181C/I/V, M184V/I, Y188L, H221Y, F227C, M230I/L, the combination of K103N+L100I, or 3 or more thymidine analog associated mutations (TAMs) that include M41L or L210W (TAMs are M41L, D67N, K70R, L210W, T215Y/F, K219Q/E/N/R). --- K65R --- --- K70E --- --- K101E --- --- E138A --- --- V179L --- --- Y181C --- --- M184V --- --- Y188L --- --- H221Y --- --- F227C --- --- M230I --- --- M41L --- --- L210W --- --- M41L ---

Primary Outcomes

Description: Sustained Virologic Response (SVR12) was defined as HCV RNA < the lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ) at 12 weeks after stopping LDV/SOF treatment.

Measure: Percentage of Participants With HCV RNA < LLOQ at 12 Weeks After Discontinuation of LDV/SOF Treatment (SVR12)

Time: HCV Posttreatment Week 12

Secondary Outcomes

Description: SVR4 was defined as HCV RNA < LLOQ at 4 weeks after stopping LDV/SOF treatment.

Measure: Percentage of Participants With HCV RNA < LLOQ at 4 Weeks After Discontinuation of LDV/SOF Treatment (SVR4)

Time: HCV Posttreatment Week 4

Description: The percentage of participants with HIV-1 RNA ≥ 50 copies/mL 24 weeks after start of the F/TAF-based regimen were analyzed using the snapshot algorithm, which defines a participant's virologic response status using only the viral load at the predefined time point within an allowed window of time, along with study drug discontinuation status.

Measure: Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA ≥ 50 Copies/mL (Virologic Failure) 24 Weeks After Start of the F/TAF-Based Regimen Using Modified FDA Snapshot Algorithm

Time: 24 weeks after start of HIV treatment

Measure: Percentage of Participants Experiencing Grades 1 Through 4 Adverse Events After Switch to E/C/F/TAF or F/R/TAF Throughout the Study and During Coadministeration With LDV/SOF Treatment

Time: Up to 32 weeks plus 30 days

14 A Phase 4, Randomized, Open Label, Controlled Study of Boosted Darunavir and Lamivudine Versus Boosted Darunavir and Emtricitabine/Tenofovir or Lamivudine/Tenofovir in Naïve HIV-1 Infected Subjects

The purpose of this study is to compare the safety and efficacy of a combination of a QD regimen consisting on ritonavir boosted darunavir (FDC) and lamivudine versus ritonavir boosted darunavir (FDC) plus co-formulated tenofovir and emtricitabine or co-formulated tenofovir/lamivudine in naïve HIV-1 infected patients. Subjects will be ARV-naïve HIV-1-infected patients eligible to start ARV therapy according to current guidelines.Subjects will be adults ≥ 18 years of age who meet all of the inclusion criteria and none of the exclusion criteria.

NCT02770508 HIV-1 Infection Drug: darunavir/ritonavir Drug: Lamivudine Drug: emtricitabine-tenofovir(FTC/TDF)

- Any of the following mutations will be considered resistance to TDF: K65R, K70E, double insertion 69 or 3 TAMS including M41L or L210W. --- K65R --- --- K70E --- --- M41L ---

Primary Outcomes

Description: The percentage of participants with Plasma Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) <50 c/mL at Week 48 will be assessed using Missing, Switch or Discontinuation = Failure (MSDF), as codified by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) "snapshot" algorithm. This algorithm treated all participants without HIV-1 RNA data at Week 48 as nonresponders, Otherwise, virologic success or failure will be determined by the last available HIV-1 RNA assessment while the participant was on-treatment in the snapshot window (Week 48 +/- 6 weeks).

Measure: Percentage of patients with HIV-1 RNA levels of less than 50 copies/mL at week 48

Time: 48 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Description: The percentage of participants with Plasma Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) <400 c/mL at Week 24 will be assessed using Missing, Switch or Discontinuation = Failure (MSDF), as codified by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) "snapshot" algorithm.

Measure: Percentage of patients with HIV-1 RNA <400 copies/mL at week 24

Time: 24 weeks

Description: An genotiping test will be made at time to virological failure to detect mutation across reverse transcriptase (RT), and Protease (PRO). Protocol defined virological failure was defined as confirmed plasma HIV-1 RNA levels >=400 copies/mL on or after Week 24 or confirmed plasma HIV-1 RNA levels >=50 copies/mL at week 48

Measure: Number and type of resistance mutations in case of virologic failure

Time: from week 24 to week 48

Description: Change from Baseline in CD4+ cell counts will be assessed at Weeks 24 and 48.

Measure: CD4+ lymphocyte count and change between baseline (defined as the average between screening and baseline visit values) and weeks 24 and 48

Time: week 24 and 48

Description: Number of Participants With Abnormal Laboratory Values and/or Adverse Events That Are Related to Treatment

Measure: Frequency, type and severity of adverse events and laboratory abnormalities.

Time: week 24 and 48

Description: Clinical disease progression (CDP) was assessed according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) HIV-1 classification system. Category (CAT) A: one or more of the following conditions (CON), without any CON listed in Categories B and C: asymptomatic HIV infection, persistent generalized lymphadenopathy, acute (primary) HIV infection with accompanying illness or history of acute HIV infection. CAT B: symptomatic CON that are attributed to HIV infection or are indicative of a defect in cell-mediated immunity; or that are considered by physicians to have a clinical course or to require management that is complicated by HIV infection; and not included among CON listed in clinical CAT C. CAT C: the clinical CON listed in the AIDS surveillance case definition. Indicators of CDP were defined as: CDC CAT A at Baseline (BS) to a CDC CAT C event (EV); CDC CAT B at BS to a CDC CAT C EV; CDC CAT C at BS to a new CDC CAT C EV; or CDC CAT A, B, or C at BS to death.

Measure: Clinical disease progression (CDP)

Time: week 24 and 48

Description: The evaluation of quality of life will be done through two validated instruments: the Medical Outcomes Study HIV Health Survey ( MOS - HIV) and EuroQol 5D (EQ - 5D ) . Both instruments will be administered to patients at baseline , week 24 and week 48 .

Measure: Changes in quality of life

Time: baseline, week 24 and week 48

15 A Phase 3b, Multicenter, Open-Label Study to Evaluate Switching From a Regimen of Two Nucleos(t)Ide Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTI) Plus a Third Agent to a Fixed Dose Combination (FDC) of Bictegravir/Emtricitabine/Tenofovir Alafenamide (B/F/TAF), in Virologically-Suppressed, HIV-1 Infected African American Participants

The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of switching from a regimen of 2 nucleos(t)ide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and a third agent to a fixed dose combination (FDC) of bictegravir/emtricitabine/tenofovir alafenamide (B/F/TAF) versus continuing their baseline regimen in HIV-1 infected, virologically suppressed African American participants.

NCT03631732 HIV-1 Infection Drug: B/F/TAF Drug: NRTIs Drug: Third Agent

- History of 1-2 thymidine analogue mutations (TAMs), M184V/I, and any other RT substitutions are allowed, with the following exceptions: History of 3 or more TAMs (M41L, D67N, K70R, L210W, T215F/Y, and K219Q/E/N/R), T69-insertions, or K65R/E/N in RT will be excluded. --- M184V --- --- M41L ---

- Documented plasma HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL during treatment with the baseline regimen for a minimum period of 6 months and at least the last two HIV-1 RNA measurements prior to the Screening visit - HIV-1 RNA levels < 50 copies/mL at Screening - Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) ≥ 50 mL/min according to the Cockcroft-Gault formula for creatinine clearance Key Exclusion Criteria: - History of 3 or more TAMs (M41L, D67N, K70R, L210W, T215F/Y, and K219Q/E/N/R), T69-insertions, or K65R/E/N in RT - No desire to switch from current antiretrovirals (ARVs) - An opportunistic illness indicative of stage 3 HIV diagnosed within the 30 days prior to screening - Participants experiencing decompensated cirrhosis (e.g., ascites, encephalopathy, or variceal bleeding) - Have been treated with immunosuppressant therapies or chemotherapeutic agents within 3 months of study screening, or expected to receive these agents or systemic steroids during the study (eg, corticosteroids, immunoglobulins, and other immune- or cytokine-based therapies) - Current alcohol or substance use judged by the Investigator to potentially interfere with participant study compliance - Active, serious infections (other than HIV-1 infection) requiring antibiotic or antifungal therapy within 30 days prior to Day 1 - Participation in any other clinical trial, including observational studies, without prior approval from the sponsor is prohibited while participating in this trial - Any other clinical condition or prior therapy that, in the opinion of the Investigator, would make the participant unsuitable for the study or unable to comply with the dosing requirements - Known hypersensitivity to FDC of B/F/TAF tablets, their metabolites, or formulation excipient - Females who are pregnant (as confirmed by positive serum pregnancy test) - Females who are breastfeeding - Acute hepatitis in the 30 days prior to randomization - Active tuberculosis infection Note: Other protocol defined Inclusion/Exclusion criteria may apply. --- M41L ---

Primary Outcomes

Measure: Proportion of Participants with HIV-1 RNA ≥ 50 copies/mL at Week 24 as Defined by the US FDA-Defined Snapshot Algorithm

Time: Week 24

Secondary Outcomes

Measure: Proportion of Participants with HIV-1 RNA ≥ 50 copies/mL at Week 48 as Defined by the US FDA-Defined Snapshot Algorithm

Time: Week 48

Measure: Proportion of Participants with HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL at Week 24 as Defined by the US FDA-Defined Snapshot Algorithm

Time: Week 24

Measure: Proportion of Participants with HIV-1 RNA < 50 copies/mL at Week 48 as Defined by the US FDA-Defined Snapshot Algorithm

Time: Week 48

Measure: Change From Baseline in CD4+ Cell Count at Week 24

Time: Baseline; Week 24

Measure: Change From Baseline in CD4+ Cell Count at Week 48

Time: Baseline; Week 48


HPO Nodes