SNPMiner Trials by Shray Alag


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Report for Mutation V108I

Developed by Shray Alag, 2020.
SNP Clinical Trial Gene

There are 6 clinical trials

Clinical Trials


1 A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Comparative Trial Of A Novel CCR5 Antagonist, UK-427,857, In Combination With Zidovudine/Lamivudine Versus Efavirenz In Combination With Zidovudine/Lamivudine For The Treatment Of Antiretroviral-Naive HIV-1 Infected Subjects

Maraviroc (UK-427,857), a selective and reversible CCR5 coreceptor antagonist, has been shown to be active in vitro against a wide range of clinical isolates (including those resistant to existing classes). In HIV-1 infected patients, maraviroc (UK-427,857) given as monotherapy for 10 days reduced HIV-1 viral load by up to 1.6 log, consistent with currently available agents. Safety and toleration have been studied in over 400 subjects for up to 28 days at 300 mg twice daily. No significant effects were seen on the QTc interval. The goal of this study is to compare the safety and efficacy of maraviroc (UK-427,857) versus efavirenz, when each are combined with two other antiretroviral agents, in patients who are previously naive to antiretroviral therapy. This study will involve approximately 200 centers from around the world to achieve a total randomized subject population of 1071 subjects. Patients will be randomly assigned to one of three groups: maraviroc (UK-427,857) 300 mg once daily added to zidovudine/lamivudine (300 mg/150 mg twice daily), Maraviroc (UK-427,857) 300 mg twice daily added to zidovudine/lamivudine (300 mg/150 mg twice daily) or efavirenz (600 mg once daily) added to zidovudine/lamivudine (300 mg/150 mg twice daily). The study will enroll over approximately an 18 month period (5 months Phase 2b run-in, 13 months Phase 3) with 96 weeks of treatment. This may be extended for an additional 3 years depending on the results at 96 weeks. Physical examinations will be performed at study entry, weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, 60, 72, 84 and 96. Blood samples will also be taken at study entry, weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, 48, 60, 72, 84 and 96. Additionally, blood samples will be drawn twice, at least 30 minutes apart, at weeks 2 and 48 for maraviroc (UK-427,857) pharmacokinetic analysis. As part of this clinical study a blood sample will be taken for non-anonymized pharmacogenetic analysis. Patients will undergo a 12-lead electrocardiogram at study entry, weeks 24, 48 and 96. A computerized tomography (CT) scan will also be performed, at selected centers, at study entry and week 96. Patients will be asked to complete a symptom distress questionnaire at study entry, weeks 12, 24, 48 and 96.

NCT00098293 HIV-1 Drug: Maraviroc + Zidovudine/Lamivudine Drug: Efavirenz + Zidovudine/Lamivudine Drug: Maraviroc (UK-427,857) + Zidovudine/Lamivudine

Efavirenz mutation:lysine to aspargine at r103(K103N);tyrosine to cysteine/isoleucine at r181(Y181C/I);tyrosine to cysteine/leucine/histidine at r188(Y188C/L/H);glycine to alanine/serine at r190(G190A/S);valine to alanine to r106(V106A);leucine to isoleucine at r100(L100I);alanine to glycine at r98(A98G);lysine to glutamic acid at r101(K101E);valine to isoleucine at r108(V108I);proline to histidine at r225(P225H);methionine to leucine at r230(M230L).. Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA Levels Less Than 50 Copies/mL at Week 48 and Week 96 by Overall Susceptibility Score (OSS) at Screening. --- K103N --- --- Y181C --- --- Y188C --- --- G190A --- --- V106A --- --- L100I --- --- A98G --- --- K101E --- --- V108I ---

Primary Outcomes

Measure: Percentage of Participants With Viral Load of Less Than 400 Copies/Milliliter [Copies/mL] and Less Than 50 Copies/mL of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-1 Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) at Week 48 for Full Analysis Set (FAS) Population

Time: Week 48

Description: Percentage of participants with viral load of less than 400 copies/mL and less than 50 copies/mL of HIV-1 RNA were not analyzed for participants originally randomized to maraviroc once daily arm since after termination, focus was shifted from efficacy and safety to only safety as reflected in the abbreviated set of efficacy measures noted in the amended planned analysis.

Measure: Percentage of Participants With Viral Load of Less Than 400 Copies/mL and Less Than 50 Copies/mL of HIV-1 RNA at Week 48 for Per Protocol (PP) Population

Time: Week 48

Secondary Outcomes

Measure: Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA Levels of Less Than 400 Copies/mL and Less Than 50 Copies/mL at Week 48 Analyzed Using Logistic Regression

Time: Week 48

Measure: Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA Levels of Less Than 400 Copies/mL and Less Than 50 Copies/mL at Week 96 Analyzed Using Logistic Regression

Time: Week 96

Description: Change from baseline in log 10-transformed plasma viral load (HIV-1 RNA) levels (log10 copies/mL). Baseline value calculated as average of pre-dose measurements collected at screening, randomization, and immediately pre-dose.

Measure: Change From Baseline in Log 10-transformed Plasma Viral Load (HIV-1 RNA) Levels at Week 48 and 96

Time: Baseline, Week 48, Week 96

Description: TAD from baseline was calculated as area under the curve (AUC) of HIV-1 RNA load (log10 copies/mL) divided by time period minus baseline HIV-1 RNA load (log10 copies/mL). Baseline value calculated as average of pre-dose measurements collected at screening, randomization, and immediately pre-dose. Data not analyzed for participants originally randomized to maraviroc once daily arm since after termination, focus was shifted from efficacy and safety to only safety as reflected in the abbreviated set of efficacy measures noted in the amended planned analysis.

Measure: Time-Averaged Difference (TAD) in log10-transformed HIV-1 RNA Levels

Time: Baseline up to Week 48 and Week 96

Description: Baseline value calculated as the average of pre-dose measurements collected at screening and immediately pre-dose.

Measure: Change From Baseline in Lymphocyte Cluster of Differentiation 4 (CD4) Count at Week 48 and 96

Time: Baseline, Week 48, Week 96

Description: Baseline value calculated as the average of pre-dose measurements collected at screening and immediately pre-dose. Change from baseline in lymphocyte CD8 count at Week 48 and 96 was not analyzed for participants originally randomized to maraviroc once daily arm since after termination, focus was shifted from efficacy and safety to only safety as reflected in the abbreviated set of efficacy measures noted in the amended planned analysis.

Measure: Change From Baseline in Lymphocyte Cluster of Differentiation 8 (CD8) Count at Week 48 and 96

Time: Baseline, Week 48, Week 96

Description: Time to virologic failure based on observed HIV-1 RNA levels and failure events (death;permanent discontinuation of drug;lost to follow-up [LTFU];new anti-retroviral drug added [except background drug change to drug of same class];or on open label for early non-response or rebound). Failure:at Time 0 if level not <400 copies/mL(2 consecutive visits) before events or last available visit;at time of earliest event if level <400 copies/mL(2 consecutive visits);failure if level >=400 copies/mL(2 consecutive visits) or 1 visit >=400 copies/mL followed by permanent discontinuation of drug or LTFU.

Measure: Time to Virologic Failure

Time: Week 48, Week 96

Description: Number of participants per tropism status (C-X-C chemokine receptor 5 {CCR5} [R5], C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 {CXCR4} [X4], Dual/mixed [DM], or Non-reportable/Non-phenotypable [NR/NP]) at baseline and time of treatment failure analyzed through week 48 visit. Treatment failure: discontinuation due to insufficient clinical response. Tropism result was censored for participants with viral load <500 copies/mL at time of treatment failure categorized as below lower limit of quantification (BLQ). The assessment for time of treatment failure was defined as last on treatment assessment.

Measure: Number of Participants Per Tropism Status at Baseline and at the Time of Treatment Failure Through Week 48

Time: Baseline, time of failure through Week 48

Description: Number of participants per tropism status (R5, X4, DM, or NR/NP) at baseline and time of treatment failure analyzed through week 96 visit. Treatment failure defined as insufficient clinical response. Tropism result was censored for participants with viral load <500 copies/mL at time of treatment failure categorized as BLQ. The assessment for time of treatment failure was defined as last on treatment assessment.

Measure: Number of Participants Per Tropism Status at Baseline and at the Time of Treatment Failure Through Week 96

Time: Baseline, time of failure through Week 96

Description: Phenotypic resistance to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) assessed at screening by Monogram Bioscience PhenoSense genotype (MBPSGT) assay, repeated if viral load >500 copies/mL at treatment failure through week 48, 96. Phenotypic resistance to maraviroc was assumed in maraviroc treatment failures with X4-using virus and in R5 maraviroc treatment failures using Monogram Bioscience PhenoSense Entry Assay. Phenotypic resistance to zidovudine, lamivudine, efavirenz and maraviroc at time of failure was summarized.

Measure: Number of Participants With Phenotypic Resistance at Time of Treatment Failure Through Week 48 and 96

Time: Screening, time of failure through Week 48, Week 96

Description: Genotypic resistance to NRTIs was assessed by identification of relevant mutations at screening using MBPSGT assay and repeated for all participants with HIV-1 viral load more than 500 copies/mL at treatment failure through week 48 and week 96. Following mutations associated with NRTIs were summarized at time of failure: Any zidovudine/lamivudine (Zid/Lam), Any thymidine analogue-associated mutation (TAM), methionine (M) to valine/isoleucine (V/I) substitution at residue (r) 184 (M184V/I), lysine (K) to arginine (R) substitution at residue 65 (K65R) and any other NRTI mutations.

Measure: Number of Participants With NRTI Associated Mutations at Time of Treatment Failure Through Week 48 and 96

Time: Screening, time of failure through Week 48, Week 96

Description: Genotypic resistance: mutations at screening by MBPSGT assay, repeated if viral load >500 copies/mL at treatment failure through week 48, 96. Efavirenz mutation:lysine to aspargine at r103(K103N);tyrosine to cysteine/isoleucine at r181(Y181C/I);tyrosine to cysteine/leucine/histidine at r188(Y188C/L/H);glycine to alanine/serine at r190(G190A/S);valine to alanine to r106(V106A);leucine to isoleucine at r100(L100I);alanine to glycine at r98(A98G);lysine to glutamic acid at r101(K101E);valine to isoleucine at r108(V108I);proline to histidine at r225(P225H);methionine to leucine at r230(M230L).

Measure: Number of Participants With Efavirenz Associated Mutations at Time of Treatment Failure Through Week 48 and 96

Time: Screening, time of failure through Week 48, Week 96

Description: Association between baseline resistance and virological response was assessed as percentage of participants with HIV-1RNA levels less than 50 copies/mL by OSS at screening. OSS categorized as 0, 1, 2, >3 (maximum value of 6) and calculated as the sum of the net assessment of in-vitro phenotypic and genotypic susceptibility using a binary scoring system (0= resistant, 1= sensitive or susceptible) for each antiretroviral agent in OBT. Higher scores indicate greater susceptibility.

Measure: Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA Levels Less Than 50 Copies/mL at Week 48 and Week 96 by Overall Susceptibility Score (OSS) at Screening

Time: Baseline, Week 48, Week 96

Other Outcomes

Measure: Percentage of Participants With Viral Load of Less Than 400 Copies/mL and Less Than 50 Copies/mL of HIV-1 RNA at Week 96

Time: Week 96

2 A Randomized, Open-Label Study Assessing Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy of an Induction-Maintenance Treatment Strategy Including Lopinavir/Ritonavir Plus Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate and Emtricitabine Versus Efavirenz Plus Tenofovir Disoproxil Fumarate and Emtricitabine in Antiviral-naïve HIV-1/HCV Co-Infected Subjects

The purpose of this study is to determine whether a simplified lopinavir/ritonavir-based therapy will continue to keep the viral load at very low levels after initial treatment with a combination of Kaletra (lopinavir/ritonavir) plus tenofovir and emtricitabine.

NCT00121017 HIV Infection Hepatitis C Drug: Kaletra (lopinavir/ritonavir) Drug: Sustiva (efavirenz) Drug: Truvada (emtricitabine/tenofovir disoproxil fumarate)
MeSH: Hepatitis C

- The screening HIV-1 genotype resistance report suggests resistance or possible resistance to the study RTI(s) or lopinavir/ritonavir; Evidence of possible resistance to efavirenz; Presence of one of the following mutations: RT L1001, K103N, V106A or M, V108I, Y181C or I, Y188L, G190A or S, P225H, M230L; Evidence of possible resistance to emtricitabine or lamivudine; Presence of one of the following mutations: RTm184V or I; Evidence of possible resistance to tenofovir; Presence of RT K65R or insertion at codon 69, or Presence of 2 or more of the following mutations: RTm41L, D67N, K70R, L210W; any change at T215, K219Q or evidence of possible resistance to lopinavir/ritonavir; Presence of one or more of the following mutations: protease I47V or A, G48V, I50V, V82A or F or T or S, I84V, 190M or Presence of 3 or more of the following mutations: protease L10F or I or R or V, K20M or R, L24I, V32I, L33F, M36I, M46I or L, F53L; any change at I54, A71V or T, G73S. --- K103N --- --- V106A --- --- V108I ---

Primary Outcomes

Measure: The proportion of subjects with a plasma HIV-1 RNA level below 50 copies/mL at Week 96.

Secondary Outcomes

Measure: Vital signs

Measure: Physical examinations

Measure: Clinical laboratory tests

3 Prospective Clinical Trial to Assess Safety and Efficacy of DRV/r(TMC 114/r), ETV(TMC 125) and MK-0518 in Addition to OBT in HIV-1 Infected Patients With Limited to No Treatment Options ANRS 139 TRIO

The purpose of this study is to look at the safety and efficacy of a combination of 3 new antiretroviral drugs: darunavir, etravirine and MK-0518 (raltegravir) in patients who have multi-resistant viruses and limited treatment options. An optimized background regimen that may include nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and enfuvirtide can be added, if possible, to this combination. Patients will undergo treatment for 48 weeks and virological efficacy will be evaluated at week 24.

NCT00460382 HIV Infections Drug: raltegravir potassium Drug: darunavir/ritonavir Drug: etravirine Drug: Optimized background regimen
MeSH: HIV Infections

- Genotypic resistance testing at the screening visit: - Protease inhibitor mutations: over or equal to 3 primary protease inhibitor mutations among: D30N, V32I, L33F, M46I/L, I47A/V, G48V, I50L/V, I54M, L76V, V82A/F/L/T/S, I84V, N88S and L90M (IAS list 2006) but below or equal to 3 mutations among the following: V11I, V32I, L33F, I47V, I50V, I54L/M, G73S, L76V, I84V et L89V (virus sensitivity to darunavir/ritonavir). - Reverse transcriptase mutations: over or equal to 3 NRTI mutations (among IAS list) and below or equal to 3 mutations among: A98G, L100I, K101Q/P/E, K103H/N/S/T, V106A/M, V108I, E138G/K/Q, V179D/E/F/G/I, Y181C/I/V/C/H/L, Y188C/H/L, G190A/C/E/Q/S, P225H, F227C/L, M230I/L, P236L, K238N/T and Y318F (virus sensitivity to etravirine) Exclusion Criteria: - Non effective barrier contraception in women of child bearing potential - Pregnant women or women who are breastfeeding - Opportunistic infection at the acute phase - Decompensated cirrhosis (stage B or C of Child-Pugh score) - Malignancy requiring chemotherapy or radiotherapy - Contraindicated medications being taken by the patient (listed in protocol) - Allergy to the active substances and expedients of darunavir, etravirine and raltegravir. --- D30N --- --- V32I --- --- L33F --- --- M46I --- --- I47A --- --- G48V --- --- I50L --- --- I54M --- --- L76V --- --- V82A --- --- I84V --- --- N88S --- --- L90M --- --- V11I --- --- V32I --- --- L33F --- --- I47V --- --- I50V --- --- I54L --- --- G73S --- --- L76V --- --- I84V --- --- L89V --- --- A98G --- --- L100I --- --- K101Q --- --- K103H --- --- V106A --- --- V108I ---

Primary Outcomes

Measure: Proportion of patients with HIV RNA levels of less than 50 copies/ml in an intent to treat analysis at week 24

Time: week 24

Secondary Outcomes

Measure: Proportions of patients with HIV RNA levels of less than 50 copies/ml at week 48, with HIV RNA levels of less than 400 copies/ml at weeks 24 and 48

Time: week 24 and 48

Measure: HIV RNA level evolution between baseline and week 48

Time: from week 0 to 48

Measure: HIV proviral DNA and 2LTR circle HIV DNA between baseline and week 48

Time: from week 0 to 48

Measure: Number and type of resistance mutations in case of virologic failure occurrence

Time: from week 0 to 48

Measure: CD4 lymphocyte count and proportion evolution between baseline and week 48

Time: from week 0 to 48

Measure: HIV infection progression

Time: from week 0 to 48

Measure: Frequency of the study regimen modifications and interruption

Time: from week 0 to 48

Measure: Study regimen tolerance

Time: from week 0 to 48

Measure: Study regimen adherence

Time: from week 0 to 48

Measure: Association between study drugs' minimum concentrations at week 4 and week 12 and virologic success at week 24

Time: from week 4 to 24

Measure: Evolution of pharmacokinetics parameters of study drugs in the PK substudy

Time: betwwen week 1 and 4

4 Phase 2 Dose-escalating, P-C, D-B, Parallel Group Study in HIV Treatment-experienced Patients to Evaluate the Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy of PA103001-04 Administered as Functional Monotherapy for 14 Days *(PART B)

The purpose of this study is to evaluate antiretroviral activity of up to five different oral doses administered for two weeks of bevirimat versus placebo in HIV treatment experienced patients, who have documented genotypic resistance to at least one major mutation from the IAS-USA list (2007)of resistance mutations for NRTIs, NNRTIs, or PIs. Patients will also be monitored for side effects, and the pharmacokinetics of bevirimat will be determined.

NCT00511368 HIV Infections Drug: matching placebo Drug: Bevirimat
MeSH: HIV Infections

- Have documented evidence of genotypic resistance in their medical records (at screening) or have resistance at screening by genotype to any major mutation from the IAS-USA list of resistance drug mutations, defined as: NRTI resistance: M41L, K65R, D67N, K70R, K70E, L74V, Y115F, M184V, M184V/I, L210W, T215Y/F, K219Q/E; NNRTI resistance: L100I, K103N, V106M, V106A/M, V108I, Y181C, Y181C/I, Y188L, Y188C/L/H, G190S/A, G190A, P225H; Major PI resistance: D30N, V32I, L33F, M46I/L, I47V/A, G48V, I50L, I50V, I54M/L, L76V, V82A/F/T, V82A/F/T/S, V82L/T, I84V, N88S, L90M - Be receiving an antiretroviral therapy regimen containing at least 3 drugs (regimens containing ritonavir must not exceed a total daily dose of 400 mg) which has been unchanged for at least 8 weeks prior to initial screening. --- M41L --- --- K65R --- --- D67N --- --- K70R --- --- K70E --- --- L74V --- --- Y115F --- --- M184V --- --- M184V --- --- L210W --- --- T215Y --- --- K219Q --- --- L100I --- --- K103N --- --- V106M --- --- V106A --- --- V108I ---

Primary Outcomes

Measure: HIV-1 RNA change from baseline over the first 14 days of study

Time: 14 days

Secondary Outcomes

Measure: safety and tolerability; pharmacokinetics

Time: 14 days

5 Antiretroviral Activity and Tolerability of Once Daily Etravirine in Treatment-Naïve Adults With HIV-1 Infection

The main study is a single arm, open-label, prospective study to assess antiretroviral activity and tolerability of etravirine (TMC-125) 400 mg once daily, given with fixed-dose tenofovir/emtricitabine, in treatment-naïve HIV-1-infected men and women. There are also a genital secretions pharmacokinetic (PK) sub-study and a metabolic sub-study. The purpose of the genital secretions PK sub-study is to gain information about drug levels and HIV-1 RNA in genital secretions when subjects are taking etravirine. The purpose of the metabolic sub-study is to learn about the effects of etravirine on body composition, as well as lipid and glucose levels.

NCT00959894 HIV Infections Drug: Etravirine (Intelence) Drug: Truvada
MeSH: Infection Communicable Diseases HIV Infections Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Any of the following nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NNRTI) mutations: V90I, A98G, L100I, K101E/H/P/Q, K103H/S/T, V106A/I/M, V108I, E138A/G/K/Q, V179D/E/F/G/I/T, Y181C/I/V, Y188C/H/L, V189I, G190A/C/E/Q/S, H221Y, P225H, F227C/L, M230I/L, P236L, K238N/T, K103N. --- V90I --- --- A98G --- --- L100I --- --- K101E --- --- K103H --- --- V106A --- --- V108I ---

Primary Outcomes

Description: The primary study endpoint was the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/ml at Week 24 of study participation. The per-protocol primary analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures. Achievement of HIV-1 viral load below 50 copies/ml was defined as having HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/ml during the Week 24 analysis window (>18 and <30 weeks post-entry).

Measure: The Antiretroviral Activity of Etravirine 400 mg Given Once Daily, With Fixed-dose Truvada Once Daily, Among Treatment-naïve HIV-1 Infected Adults as Measured by the Percentage of Participants With HIV RNA < 50 Copies/mL at Week 24

Time: 24 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Description: This secondary outcome assessed the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/ml at Week 48 of study treatment. The per-protocol analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures.

Measure: The Proportion of Participants With HIV RNA <50 Copies/mL at Week 48 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 48 weeks

Description: This secondary outcome assessed the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA <50 copies/ml at Week 96 of study treatment. The per-protocol analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures.

Measure: The Proportion of Participants With HIV RNA <50 Copies/mL at Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 96 weeks

Description: This secondary outcome assessed the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA <200 copies/ml at Week 24 of study treatment. The per-protocol analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures.

Measure: The Proportion of Participants With HIV RNA <200 Copies/mL at Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 24 weeks

Description: This secondary outcome assessed the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA <200 copies/ml at Week 48 of study treatment. The per-protocol analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures.

Measure: The Proportion of Participants With HIV RNA <200 Copies/mL at Week 48 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 48 weeks

Description: This secondary outcome assessed the proportion of participants who achieved HIV-1 RNA 200 copies/ml at Week 96 of study treatment. The per-protocol analysis was conducted intention-to-treat, with missing evaluations counted as failures.

Measure: The Proportion of Participants With HIV RNA <200 Copies/mL at Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 96 weeks

Description: The per-protocol analysis of change in CD4+ cell count from baseline to Week 24 was calculated using the measurement closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and quantified with an estimated median and distribution-free 95% confidence interval (CI).

Measure: Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Baseline to Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 24 weeks

Description: The per-protocol intention-to-treat analysis of change in CD4+ cell count from baseline to Week 48 was calculated using the measurement closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and quantified with an estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Baseline to Week 48 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 48 weeks

Description: The per-protocol intention-to-treat analysis of change in CD4+ cell count from baseline to Week 96 was calculated using the measurement closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and quantified with an estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in CD4+ Cell Count From Baseline to Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 96 weeks

Description: Per-protocol, genotype testing was conducted at confirmation of virologic failure if the confirmatory HIV-1 RNA was above the laboratory-specified threshold of 500 copies/mL. HIV-1 genotype was determined using the TRUGENE® HIV-1 assay (Siemens Healthcare Diagnostics, Tarrytown, NY)

Measure: Resistance Mutations in the Subset of Patients With Confirmed Virologic Failure Who Have HIV RNA >500 Copies/mL and Genotype Resistance Results

Time: 96 weeks

Description: The safety/tolerability endpoint was defined as the first grade 3 or higher sign, symptom or laboratory abnormality that was at least one grade higher than baseline among participants ever exposed to etravirine (regardless of treatment status), or permanent discontinuation of etravirine due to any toxicity (regardless of grade). Modification of tenofovir/emtricitabine was not a safety/tolerability event. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the proportion of participants ever exposed to etravirine who remained event-free through Week 96, with a 95% CI using Greenwood's variance estimate and a log-log transformation. Time was handled as continuous (weeks from treatment start to event or censoring).

Measure: Tolerability of Etravirine in HIV-1 Infected Adults Initiating Antiretroviral Therapy

Time: 96 weeks

Description: The Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the proportion of participants ever exposed to etravirine who remained event-free through Week 96, with a 95% CI using Greenwood's variance estimate and a log-log transformation. Time was handled as continuous (weeks from treatment start to event or censoring).

Measure: Probability of Remaining Free of a Safety/Tolerability Event at 96 Weeks

Time: 96 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Changes in total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and fasting blood glucose from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range.

Measure: Change in the Lipid Profile and Glucose Metabolism, in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 24 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and was calculated as [fasting insulin (µU/mL) × fasting glucose (mmol/L)]/22.5. Changes from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range.

Measure: Change in Glucose Metabolism (Insulin Resistance), in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 24 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Changes in total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and fasting blood glucose from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range.

Measure: Change in the Lipid Profile and Glucose Metabolism, in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 48 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 48 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and was calculated as [fasting insulin (µU/mL) × fasting glucose (mmol/L)]/22.5. Changes from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range.

Measure: Change in Glucose Metabolism (Insulin Resistance), in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 48 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 48 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Changes in total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, and fasting blood glucose from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range. Insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and was calculated as [fasting insulin (µU/mL) × fasting glucose (mmol/L)]/22.5.

Measure: Change in the Lipid Profile and Glucose Metabolism, in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 96 weeks

Description: Metabolic data analyses were conducted as-treated. Insulin resistance was estimated by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR), and was calculated as [fasting insulin (µU/mL) × fasting glucose (mmol/L)]/22.5. Changes from baseline to follow-up were calculated using the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the median and inter-quartile range.

Measure: Change in Glucose Metabolism (Insulin Resistance), in a Subgroup of up to 40 Participants, From Baseline to Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 96 weeks

Description: Changes from baseline to follow-up in limb fat, trunk fat, total body fat, and lean mass were calculated. Whole body Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scans (Hologic Discovery W, Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA) were conducted at baseline, Week 24, and Week 96 to assess body fat distribution. Calculations of change from baseline to follow-up used the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in Limb and Trunk Fat Distribution as Measured by DEXA Scan, in the Same Subgroup of up to 40 Participants (as in Aim 8), From Baseline to Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 24 weeks

Description: Changes from baseline to follow-up in limb fat, trunk fat, total body fat, and lean mass were calculated. Whole body Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scans (Hologic Discovery W, Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA) were conducted at baseline, Week 24, and Week 96 to assess body fat distribution. Calculations of change from baseline to follow-up used the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in Limb and Trunk Fat Distribution as Measured by DEXA Scan, in the Same Subgroup of up to 40 Participants (as in Aim 8), From Baseline to Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 96 weeks

Description: Change from baseline to follow-up in fat mass ratio was calculated. Whole body Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scans (Hologic Discovery W, Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA) were conducted at baseline, Week 24, and Week 96 to assess body fat distribution. Fat mass ratio was calculated as the ratio of trunk fat percentage and lower limb fat percentage (% trunk fat mass / % lower limb fat mass). Calculations of change from baseline to follow-up used the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in Fat Mass Ratio as Measured by DEXA Scan, in the Same Subgroup of up to 40 Participants (as in Aim 8), From Baseline to Week 24 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 24 weeks

Description: This secondary outcome measure assessed the ratio of semen:plasma concentration of etravirine in paired semen and plasma samples collected from 14 male participants at Week 4 of treatment with etravirine and fixed dose tenofovir/emtricitabine.

Measure: Pharmacokinetics of Etravirine in Genital Secretions of up to 10 Men and up to 10 Women at Week 4 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: 4 weeks

Description: Change from baseline to follow-up in fat mass ratio was calculated. Whole body Dual X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) scans (Hologic Discovery W, Hologic Inc., Bedford, MA) were conducted at baseline, Week 24, and Week 96 to assess body fat distribution. Fat mass ratio was calculated as the ratio of trunk fat percentage and lower limb fat percentage (% trunk fat mass / % lower limb fat mass). Calculations of change from baseline to follow-up used the value closest to schedule and within the analysis window, and were quantified with the estimated median and distribution-free 95% CI.

Measure: Change in Fat Mass Ratio as Measured by DEXA Scan, in the Same Subgroup of up to 40 Participants (as in Aim 8), From Baseline to Week 96 of Treatment With Etravirine and Fixed-dose Tenofovir/Emtricitabine

Time: Baseline to 96 weeks

Description: Population pharmacokinetics were calculated using sparse sampling. Plasma concentrations of etravirine measured in samples from participants who provided blood samples at multiple study visits, with variation in sampling times relative to dosing of etravirine used to cover the spectrum of the dosing schedule. Model simulations and fitting were performed with NONMEM ® 7.3. (ICON, plc) and model exploration was performed with Berkeley Madonna (Berkeley, CA, USA)

Measure: Population Pharmacokinetics of Etravirine 400 mg Once Daily, in Combination With Fixed-dose Emtricitabine-tenofovir Among Treatment-naïve HIV-1 Infected Adults

Time: At or after 4 weeks

Description: Population pharmacokinetics were calculated using sparse sampling. Plasma concentrations of etravirine measured in samples from participants who provided blood samples at multiple study visits, with variation in sampling times relative to dosing of etravirine used to cover the spectrum of the dosing schedule. Model simulations and fitting were performed with NONMEM ® 7.3. (ICON, plc) and model exploration was performed with Berkeley Madonna (Berkeley, CA, USA)

Measure: Population Pharmacokinetics of Etravirine 400 mg Once Daily, in Combination With Fixed-dose Emtricitabine-tenofovir Among Treatment-naïve HIV-1 Infected Adults: Etravirine AUC-24 Hours at Steady State

Time: At or after 4 weeks

6 Open Label, Randomized Trial of TDF/FTC+Raltegravir Vs. TDF/FTC+Efavirenz in HIV-1-Infected Women: Differential Effects on Viral Suppression/Reservoir, & Immune Parameters in Different Compartments, Including Gut & Genital Tract

Raltegravir not only has a unique mechanism of action, but may also have other unique effects on suppression of viral replication, viral reservoir, and immune reconstitution in blood and other important compartments. This may in part be due to the pharmacokinetics of Raltegravir in blood and gut tissue. Efavirenz will be the comparator antiretroviral drug in this study, with both drugs being used as part of a three-drug regimen with tenofovir and emtricitabine. The primary objectives are to determine differences in the effects of 2 anti-retroviral regimens, Raltegravir + Truvada versus Atripla, with respect to: 1. Viral load in plasma, genital tract (vaginal secretions), and gut (by in situ hybridization). 2. Latent viral reservoir (pro-viral DNA) in the peripheral blood and genital tract. 3. Immune effects (CD4/CD8 immunophenotypes) in gut and PBMCs and plasma cytokine profiles. The secondary objective is to determine the pharmacokinetics of Raltegravir in blood and gut tissue; relative tissue/compartment penetration compared to Efavirenz.

NCT00984152 HIV-1 Infections Drug: TDF/FTC Once-Daily + Raltegravir 400 mg Orally Twice-Daily Drug: TDF/FTC + Efavirenz (Atripla) Once-Daily

Exclusion Criteria: 1. Menopausal (may affect quantity of genital tract secretions) or any serious illness that requires treatment and/or hospitalization until the patient completes therapy 2. Any active infection, including co-infection with hepatitis B or C 3. Any neoplasm 4. Immunosuppressive therapy 5. Requirement for any medications that are prohibited by any of the study treatments 6. Significant liver or renal dysfunction 7. Baseline resistance to any of the study drugs by genotypic testing - NRTI: M41L, K65 R, D76N, T69D, K70R, L74V/I, y115F, Q151M, M184V, L210W, T215any, K219Q/E - NNRTI:L100I, K103N, V106A/M, V108I, Y181C/I, Y188C/L/H, G190anyA/S 8. Alcohol or substance abuse problems or psychiatric conditions that impair the ability of the subject to comply with the study protocol Inclusion Criteria: 1. Eligible subjects will be antiretroviral naïve (< 7 days of HAART at any time prior to entry) with plasma HIV-1 RNA > 50,000 copies/mL (obtained within 90 days prior to study entry by any laboratory that has a CLIA certification or its equivalent) and moderate immune suppression within 90 days prior to study entry. --- M41L --- --- D76N --- --- T69D --- --- K70R --- --- L74V --- --- Q151M --- --- M184V --- --- L210W --- --- K219Q --- --- K103N --- --- V106A --- --- V108I ---

Exclusion Criteria: 1. Menopausal (may affect quantity of genital tract secretions) or any serious illness that requires treatment and/or hospitalization until the patient completes therapy 2. Any active infection, including co-infection with hepatitis B or C 3. Any neoplasm 4. Immunosuppressive therapy 5. Requirement for any medications that are prohibited by any of the study treatments 6. Significant liver or renal dysfunction 7. Baseline resistance to any of the study drugs by genotypic testing - NRTI: M41L, K65 R, D76N, T69D, K70R, L74V/I, y115F, Q151M, M184V, L210W, T215any, K219Q/E - NNRTI:L100I, K103N, V106A/M, V108I, Y181C/I, Y188C/L/H, G190anyA/S 8. Alcohol or substance abuse problems or psychiatric conditions that impair the ability of the subject to comply with the study protocol HIV-1 Infections This is a phase III, prospective, randomized (1:1), multicenter, open label study comparing the effects of two HAART regimens: - Arm A: Raltegravir 400 mg PO BID + TDF/FTC (Truvada, 300/200 mg) One PO Daily - Arm B: Efavirenz + TDF/FTC (Atripla) Once PO Daily The following local sites: Mt. --- M41L --- --- D76N --- --- T69D --- --- K70R --- --- L74V --- --- Q151M --- --- M184V --- --- L210W --- --- K219Q --- --- K103N --- --- V106A --- --- V108I ---

Primary Outcomes

Measure: Viral load in plasma, genital tract (vaginal secretions), and gut (by in situ hybridization)

Time: 48 weeks

Measure: Latent viral reservoir (pro-viral DNA) in the peripheral blood and genital tract

Time: 48 weeks

Measure: Immune effects (CD4/CD8 immunophenotypes) in gut and PBMCs and plasma cytokine profiles

Time: 48 weeks

Secondary Outcomes

Measure: Determine the pharmacokinetics of Raltegravir in blood and gut tissue; relative tissue/compartment penetration compared to Efavirenz

Time: 48 weeks


HPO Nodes