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Report for Clinical Trial NCT01562847

Developed by Shray Alag, 2020.
SNP Clinical Trial Gene

Dynamics of ABL Mutations in Imatinib Failed Ph Positive or Bcr-Abl Positive CML CP or AP Patients Who Treated With Nilotinib as Second-line TKI Therapy (AMICAN-Prospective)in Asia

The purposes of this study are to investigate expression and frequency of ABL point mutations, a major cause of resistance in imatinib failed CML Asian patients and to find causes of Asian-specific resistance to cancer-targeting therapies through a prospective investigation of dynamics of point mutations and expression of new point mutations during nilotinib treatment.

NCT01562847 Chronic Myeloid Leukemia
MeSH: Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
HPO: Chronic myelogenous leukemia

1 Interventions

Name: Nilotinib

Description: Patients will be treated with 800 mg nilotinib daily.

Type: Drug

Nilotinib


Primary Outcomes

Measure: To confirm the patterns of resistance including point mutations which are newly expressed during the nilotinib treatment

Time: 5 years

Secondary Outcomes

Measure: To analyze and evaluate the overall survival and disease free survival in the nilotinib treatment according to progression of the disease and types of point mutations

Time: 5 years

Time Perspective: Prospective

Case Control


There are 9 SNPs

SNPs


1 E255K

With regard to peculiar point mutations, V299L, F317L, and E25K/V show relative resistance to dasatinib, and p-loop mutations including G250E, Q252H, Y253F/H and E255K/V and F359C/V show relative resistance to nilotinib. --- V299L --- --- F317L --- --- E25K --- --- G250E --- --- Q252H --- --- Y253F --- --- E255K ---


2 E25K

With regard to peculiar point mutations, V299L, F317L, and E25K/V show relative resistance to dasatinib, and p-loop mutations including G250E, Q252H, Y253F/H and E255K/V and F359C/V show relative resistance to nilotinib. --- V299L --- --- F317L --- --- E25K ---


3 F317L

With regard to peculiar point mutations, V299L, F317L, and E25K/V show relative resistance to dasatinib, and p-loop mutations including G250E, Q252H, Y253F/H and E255K/V and F359C/V show relative resistance to nilotinib. --- V299L --- --- F317L ---


4 F359C

With regard to peculiar point mutations, V299L, F317L, and E25K/V show relative resistance to dasatinib, and p-loop mutations including G250E, Q252H, Y253F/H and E255K/V and F359C/V show relative resistance to nilotinib. --- V299L --- --- F317L --- --- E25K --- --- G250E --- --- Q252H --- --- Y253F --- --- E255K --- --- F359C ---


5 G250E

With regard to peculiar point mutations, V299L, F317L, and E25K/V show relative resistance to dasatinib, and p-loop mutations including G250E, Q252H, Y253F/H and E255K/V and F359C/V show relative resistance to nilotinib. --- V299L --- --- F317L --- --- E25K --- --- G250E ---


6 Q252H

With regard to peculiar point mutations, V299L, F317L, and E25K/V show relative resistance to dasatinib, and p-loop mutations including G250E, Q252H, Y253F/H and E255K/V and F359C/V show relative resistance to nilotinib. --- V299L --- --- F317L --- --- E25K --- --- G250E --- --- Q252H ---


7 T315I

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive or BCR-ABL positive CML - Chronic, Accelerated phase CML patients who show an inappropriate response to the imatinib treatment or failed the treatment according to ELN 2009 RECOMMENDATION - Patients with ECOG performance status of 0-3 - Patients who consent to the use of study information and study specimen Exclusion Criteria: - Patients with diseases other than CML - Patients treated with myelosuppressive anticancer therapy other than Hydroxyurea and Angrelide - Patients who have been treated with second-generation cancer-targeting drug - Patients who do not consent to the use of study information and study specimen - Previously documented T315I mutation - Impaired cardiac function including any of the following: LVEF by echocardiography < 45% or below the institutional lower range (whichever is greater); complete left bundle branch block; long QT syndrome or family history of; history or presence of significant ventricular or atrial tachyarrhythmias; clinically significant brachycardia (< 50 bpm); QTcF > 450 msec at baseline; right bundle branch block plus left anterior hemiblock; bifascicular block; myocardial infarction ≤ 12 months; uncontrolled angina; other clinically significant heart disease (e.g., congestive heart failure) - Treatment with strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 or medication that are well documented to prolong the QT interval are contraindicated - Impaired gastrointestinal(GI)function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of the study drug (e.g., ulcerative diseases, uncontrolled nausea, vomitting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection or gastric bypass surgery) - History of acute pancreatitis within 1 year of study entry or past medical history of chronic pancreatitis - Know cytopathologically confirmed CNS infiltration (in absence of suspicion of CNS involvement, lumbar puncture not required) - Patients who previously had a bone marrow or stem cell transplantation - Pregnant or breast-feeding patients - Hypersensitivity to nilotinib or any of the excipients - The capsules contain lactose, and nilotinib is therefore not recommended for patients with rare hereditary problem of galactose intolerance, severe lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption Inclusion Criteria: - Patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive or BCR-ABL positive CML - Chronic, Accelerated phase CML patients who show an inappropriate response to the imatinib treatment or failed the treatment according to ELN 2009 RECOMMENDATION - Patients with ECOG performance status of 0-3 - Patients who consent to the use of study information and study specimen Exclusion Criteria: - Patients with diseases other than CML - Patients treated with myelosuppressive anticancer therapy other than Hydroxyurea and Angrelide - Patients who have been treated with second-generation cancer-targeting drug - Patients who do not consent to the use of study information and study specimen - Previously documented T315I mutation - Impaired cardiac function including any of the following: LVEF by echocardiography < 45% or below the institutional lower range (whichever is greater); complete left bundle branch block; long QT syndrome or family history of; history or presence of significant ventricular or atrial tachyarrhythmias; clinically significant brachycardia (< 50 bpm); QTcF > 450 msec at baseline; right bundle branch block plus left anterior hemiblock; bifascicular block; myocardial infarction ≤ 12 months; uncontrolled angina; other clinically significant heart disease (e.g., congestive heart failure) - Treatment with strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 or medication that are well documented to prolong the QT interval are contraindicated - Impaired gastrointestinal(GI)function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of the study drug (e.g., ulcerative diseases, uncontrolled nausea, vomitting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection or gastric bypass surgery) - History of acute pancreatitis within 1 year of study entry or past medical history of chronic pancreatitis - Know cytopathologically confirmed CNS infiltration (in absence of suspicion of CNS involvement, lumbar puncture not required) - Patients who previously had a bone marrow or stem cell transplantation - Pregnant or breast-feeding patients - Hypersensitivity to nilotinib or any of the excipients - The capsules contain lactose, and nilotinib is therefore not recommended for patients with rare hereditary problem of galactose intolerance, severe lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive Recently the treatment strategy of Philadelphia chromosome-positive leukemia has undergone groundbreaking changes due to the development of new second-generation cancer-targeting drugs. --- T315I ---

Inclusion Criteria: - Patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive or BCR-ABL positive CML - Chronic, Accelerated phase CML patients who show an inappropriate response to the imatinib treatment or failed the treatment according to ELN 2009 RECOMMENDATION - Patients with ECOG performance status of 0-3 - Patients who consent to the use of study information and study specimen Exclusion Criteria: - Patients with diseases other than CML - Patients treated with myelosuppressive anticancer therapy other than Hydroxyurea and Angrelide - Patients who have been treated with second-generation cancer-targeting drug - Patients who do not consent to the use of study information and study specimen - Previously documented T315I mutation - Impaired cardiac function including any of the following: LVEF by echocardiography < 45% or below the institutional lower range (whichever is greater); complete left bundle branch block; long QT syndrome or family history of; history or presence of significant ventricular or atrial tachyarrhythmias; clinically significant brachycardia (< 50 bpm); QTcF > 450 msec at baseline; right bundle branch block plus left anterior hemiblock; bifascicular block; myocardial infarction ≤ 12 months; uncontrolled angina; other clinically significant heart disease (e.g., congestive heart failure) - Treatment with strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 or medication that are well documented to prolong the QT interval are contraindicated - Impaired gastrointestinal(GI)function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of the study drug (e.g., ulcerative diseases, uncontrolled nausea, vomitting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection or gastric bypass surgery) - History of acute pancreatitis within 1 year of study entry or past medical history of chronic pancreatitis - Know cytopathologically confirmed CNS infiltration (in absence of suspicion of CNS involvement, lumbar puncture not required) - Patients who previously had a bone marrow or stem cell transplantation - Pregnant or breast-feeding patients - Hypersensitivity to nilotinib or any of the excipients - The capsules contain lactose, and nilotinib is therefore not recommended for patients with rare hereditary problem of galactose intolerance, severe lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption Inclusion Criteria: - Patients with Philadelphia chromosome-positive or BCR-ABL positive CML - Chronic, Accelerated phase CML patients who show an inappropriate response to the imatinib treatment or failed the treatment according to ELN 2009 RECOMMENDATION - Patients with ECOG performance status of 0-3 - Patients who consent to the use of study information and study specimen Exclusion Criteria: - Patients with diseases other than CML - Patients treated with myelosuppressive anticancer therapy other than Hydroxyurea and Angrelide - Patients who have been treated with second-generation cancer-targeting drug - Patients who do not consent to the use of study information and study specimen - Previously documented T315I mutation - Impaired cardiac function including any of the following: LVEF by echocardiography < 45% or below the institutional lower range (whichever is greater); complete left bundle branch block; long QT syndrome or family history of; history or presence of significant ventricular or atrial tachyarrhythmias; clinically significant brachycardia (< 50 bpm); QTcF > 450 msec at baseline; right bundle branch block plus left anterior hemiblock; bifascicular block; myocardial infarction ≤ 12 months; uncontrolled angina; other clinically significant heart disease (e.g., congestive heart failure) - Treatment with strong inhibitors of CYP3A4 or medication that are well documented to prolong the QT interval are contraindicated - Impaired gastrointestinal(GI)function or GI disease that may significantly alter the absorption of the study drug (e.g., ulcerative diseases, uncontrolled nausea, vomitting, diarrhea, malabsorption syndrome, small bowel resection or gastric bypass surgery) - History of acute pancreatitis within 1 year of study entry or past medical history of chronic pancreatitis - Know cytopathologically confirmed CNS infiltration (in absence of suspicion of CNS involvement, lumbar puncture not required) - Patients who previously had a bone marrow or stem cell transplantation - Pregnant or breast-feeding patients - Hypersensitivity to nilotinib or any of the excipients - The capsules contain lactose, and nilotinib is therefore not recommended for patients with rare hereditary problem of galactose intolerance, severe lactase deficiency or glucose-galactose malabsorption Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive Recently the treatment strategy of Philadelphia chromosome-positive leukemia has undergone groundbreaking changes due to the development of new second-generation cancer-targeting drugs. --- T315I --- --- T315I ---

T315I mutation exhibits strong resistance to both of these cancer-targeting therapies. --- T315I ---

According to the results of the recent studies including the one conducted by our center, it is assumed that imatinib resistance caused by point mutations in patients induces more point mutations and causes selective increase in T315I point mutations during treatment of the second-generation cancer-targeting therapy. --- T315I ---


8 V299L

With regard to peculiar point mutations, V299L, F317L, and E25K/V show relative resistance to dasatinib, and p-loop mutations including G250E, Q252H, Y253F/H and E255K/V and F359C/V show relative resistance to nilotinib. --- V299L ---


9 Y253F

With regard to peculiar point mutations, V299L, F317L, and E25K/V show relative resistance to dasatinib, and p-loop mutations including G250E, Q252H, Y253F/H and E255K/V and F359C/V show relative resistance to nilotinib. --- V299L --- --- F317L --- --- E25K --- --- G250E --- --- Q252H --- --- Y253F ---



HPO Nodes


HPO:
Chronic myelogenous leukemia
Genes 9
KIT MPL ASXL1 TET2 ABL1 JAK2 THPO BCR SRSF2