Qatar Cardiovascular Biorepsoitory-AF (QCBio-AF) of plasma and DNA of Qatari patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) is to establish. AF cases will include patients with acute and chronic AF identified in the Heart Hospital (HH) arrhythmia clinics and Emergency Room (ER). Controls will include blood donors who have no history of AF. Such a resource will enable validation of biomarkers to assess AF risk, response to therapy, and prognosis. QCBio-AF will also allow genomic, marker and proteomic studies of AF and response to drug therapy (pharmacogenetics and pharmacoproteomics). This study will accomplish the following specific aims: Aim 1: Establish a DNA and plasma biorepository (QCBio-AF) of 300 Qatari AF cases and Family members to enable investigation of genomic and proteomic biomarkers for early detection and prognostication and to identify new targets for drug development. Aim 2: Annotate the biorepository of with 1) demographic, laboratory, and clinical variables derived from the EMR using electronic phenotyping algorithms, and 2) detailed information regarding history of cardiovascular diseases and risk factors derived from patient surveys. Aim 3: Develop processes to promote use of the biorepository by Qatari investigators by facilitating access to the biorepository for biomarker research, while maintaining the highest ethical standards with emphasis on patient confidentiality and stewardship of the biospecimens. Timeline. Following IRB approval, the intended collection period will be over 12 months where 300 Qatari patients with AF and their immediate families will be recruited. Significance: Although atrial fibrillation (AF) is reaching epidemic proportions in the aging U.S. and European populations, the worldwide burden of AF in non-white populations is unknown. Furthermore, a substantial proportion of AF in the population is not explained by traditional risk factors. There is increasing evidence that susceptibility to AF is not only determined by underlying etiologic risk factors but also ethnicity with AF occurring more frequently in white than in non-white populations. While reasons for this ethnic variability are unknown, studies have shown that both common and rare genetic variants increase susceptibility to AF in an individual in the presence of ethnic-specific risk factors.
Description: Establish a DNA and plasma biorepository (QCBio-AF) of 300 Qatari AF cases and Family members to enable investigation of genomic and proteomic biomarkers for early detection and prognostication and to identify new targets for drug developmentMeasure: Number of KCNQ1 Gene expression in AF Time: One year
Description: Risk factors for AF in diverse ethnic populationMeasure: Incidence of AF in diverse ethnic population Time: One year
There is one SNP
In 2007, Otway and colleagues identified a KCNQ1 mutation (R14C) in one family with familial AF. --- R14C ---